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30 terms

Types of Medical Practice

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Family Practitioner
sometimes called general practitioners. Are MDs who are generalists and treat all types and ages of patients.
primary care physician
Family practitioners are called this by insurance companies. term refers to doctors who oversee patients' long-term health care.
oncologist
a specialist who treats tumors and determine if they are benign or malignant, and treat patients with cancer.
allergist
diagnose and treat physical reactions to substances, including mold, dust, fur, and pollen from plants or flowers.
anesthetist
use medications that cause patients to lose sensation or feeling during surgery.
Cardiologist
diagnose and treat cardiovascular diseases (Diseases of the heart and blood vessels).
Dermatologist
diagnose and treat diseases of the skin, hair, and nails.
doctor of osteopathy
holds the title of DO, practice a "whole-person" approach to health care.
osteopathic manipulative medicine
OMM, DOs can help restore motion to these areas of the body, thus improving function and often restoring health. (technique)
endocrinologist
diagnose and treat disorders of the endocrine system.
gastroenterologist
diagnose and treat disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.
gerontologist
study the aging process. Geriatrics is the branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of problems and diseases of the older adult.
gynecologist
branch of medicine that is concerned with diseases of the female genital tract.
internist
specialize in diagnosing and treating problems related to the internal organs.
nephrologist
study, diagnose, and manage diseases of the kidney.
neurologist
diagnose and treat disorders and diseases of the nervous system, such as strokes.
orthopedist
diagnose and treats diseases and disorders of the muscles and bones.
otorhinolaryngologist
diagnoses and treats diseases of these body structures: eyes, nose, throat.
pathologist
studies the changes a disease produces in the cells, fluids and processes of the entire body (sometimes by performing autopsies, examinations of the bodies of the deceased) to advance the clinical practice of medicine.
pediatrician
concerned with the development and care of children and the diseases of childhood.
physiatrist
physical medicine specialists that diagnose and treat diseases and disorders with physical therapy.
plastic surgeon
performs reconstruction, correction, or improvement of body structures.
radiologist
specialize in taking and reading x-rays
surgeon
use their hands and medical instruments to diagnose and correct deformities and treat external and internal injuries or disease.
urologist
diagnoses and treats diseases of the kidney, bladder, and urinary system.
acupuncturist
treat people with pain or discomfort by inserting thin, hollow needles under the skin.
chiropractor
treat people who are ill or in pain without using drugs or surgery. They primarily use manual treatments, although they may also employ physical therapy treatments, exercise programs, nutritional advice and lifestyle modification to help correct the problem causing the pain.
massage therapist
use pressure, kneading, stroking, vibration, and tapping to promote muscle and full-body relaxation as well as to increase circulation and lymph flow.
physician assistant
health-care provider who practices medicine under the supervision of a physician.
triage
to assess the urgency and type of condition presented as well as the immediate medical needs.