Christie gsu brit lit final exam
Terms in this set (71)
french and latin
romantic poems about love and knights
the 16th to 17th century: renaissance and reformation
christopher marlowe- poor, play "Dr. Faustus"
sir walter raleigh- renaissance man, "The Ocean to Synthia"
sir phillip sidney- sonnet cycle, "The defense of poesy"
sir edmund spencer- "the faerie queen" poem secretly critisized the Queen
ren. ideas: apostrophe (exclamitory passage addressed to an absent person or personified thing), lyric (to be sung), pastoral imagery (idealized country life), classicism (influenced tradition)
the restoration and 18th century 1660-1785
expansion in colonial trade, the Anglo-Dutch Wars, and a revival of drama and literature
literacy expanded to lower classes
copyrights were created
descriptive vivid writing and metaphors
Dryden most influential writer
witty urbane writing style not as ornate
satire and comedy in all literary forms
novelists became better known than poets
The Romantic Period
agriculture to industrial
revolutions in france and america had great impact
divided classes of rich and poor
poetry considered most important
greater production and distribution
british state tried to control what was printed with taxes
emergence of the professional literary critic
romantic writing had: emphasis on emotion/ rejection of enlightenment nationalism, nature, individualism and imagination, egalitarianism, looking to medieval past
important writers: William Woodsworth "The Prelude", Mary Wollstonecraft, "A vindictation of the rights of man"..."of women"
late 18th century had the gothic novel with dark themes of murder and sexual desire "Frankenstein", "The Monk", "Castle of Otranto"
The Victorian Age
Queen Victoria became visually synonymous with England bc of photography
early: chartists political party worked for workers rights but fell apart, writings mainly about the poor.
mid: science was important, rationalized thought destabilized religious belief, church of england in three sections (Low (evengelical), Broad, High Church)
late: working class became more empowered
nineties: "fin de siecle (end of century prose) weary sophistication with the optimism of forward progress
women's rights mostly pushed for middle class not lower class women
periodicals became popular (charles dickens)
theater satiricalized victorian life (oscar wilde)
a category of artistic composition, as in music or literature, characterized by similarities in form, style, or subject matter.
a long poem, typically one derived from ancient oral tradition, narrating the deeds and adventures of heroic or legendary figures or the history of a nation.
draws heavily on the technique of satire, which means that it uses irony, exaggeration, and sarcasm to mock its original subject, usually in an undignified and grandiose manner.
a medieval tale dealing with a hero of chivalry, of the kind common in the Romance languages.
play dealing with tragic events and having an unhappy ending, especially one concerning the downfall of the main character.
a line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable, for example Two households, both alike in dignity.
a type of sonnet much used by Shakespeare, written in iambic pentameter and consisting of three quatrains and a final couplet with the rhyme scheme abab cdcd efef gg.
a sonnet form popularized by Petrarch, consisting of an octave with the rhyme scheme abbaabba and of a sestet with one of several rhyme schemes, as cdecde or cdcdcd.
group of sonnets, arranged to address a particular person or theme, and designed to be read both as a collection of fully realized individual poems and as a single poetic work comprising all the individual sonnets.
literary technique that sometimes serves as a companion piece to a story within a story, whereby an introductory or main narrative is presented, at least in part, for the purpose of setting the stage either for a more emphasized second narrative or for a set of shorter stories.
perfect society/an imagined place or state in which everything is unpleasant or bad, typically a totalitarian or environmentally degraded one.
Describes the representation of middle-class life.
a 'love-problem' posed for discussion in courtly conversation and debate. These were commonly found in medieval love literature.
a poem in the form of a speech or narrative by an imagined person, in which the speaker inadvertently reveals aspects of their character while describing a particular situation or series of events.
bob and wheel
metrical device most famously used by the Pearl Poet in Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. The feature is found mainly in Middle English and Middle Scots poetry, where the bob and wheel occur typically at the end of a stanza.
relating to or denoting the Germanic inhabitants of England from their arrival in the 5th century up to the Norman Conquest.
person who is an attendant in the court of a king, queen or royalty, or someone who flatters or kisses up to gain favor. Main poet to the crown.
the continuation of a sentence without a pause beyond the end of a line, couplet, or stanza
verse without rhyme, especially that which uses iambic pentameter.
dactylic hexameter especially of epic verse of classical times
exclamitory passage addressed to an absent person or personified thing
invocation of the muse
A prayer or address is made to one of the nine muses of Greco-Roman mythology. The poet asks for the inspiration, skill, knowledge, or the right emotion to finish a poem worthy of his subject matter. Homer began his epic poems with an Invocation to the Muse.
in medias res
into the middle of a narrative; without preamble.
the rhythm of a piece of poetry, determined by the number and length of feet in a line.
expressing the writer's emotions, usually briefly and in stanzas or recognized forms.
a theatrical revue, typically with glamorous female performers.
genre of writing from 14th Century, Medieval literary works. The three Medieval estates were the Clergy (those who prayed), the Nobility (those who fought) and lastly the Peasantry (those who labored).
Control that is economic and cultural, rather than political, is often called neocolonialism. 18th century- romantic period.
group of English poets who all lived in the Lake District of England, United Kingdom, at the turn of the nineteenth century. As a group, they followed no single "school" of thought or literary practice then known
The English language from about 1150 to about 1500. During this time, following the Norman Conquest of England, the native language of England — Old English — borrowed great numbers of words from the Norman French of the conquerors. Middle English eventually developed into modern English.
A travel journal, also called road journal, is a record made by a traveller, sometimes in diary form, of the traveler's experiences, written during the course of the journey and later edited for publication.
dr johnson's dictionary
Johnson authored the first comprehensive dictionary of English, Dictionary of the English Language, which was first published in 1755. ... He defines lexicographer as "a writer of dictionaries; a harmless drudge, that busies himself in tracing the original, and detailing the signification of words."
A novel, play or poem that is didactic aims to teach us something. ... Examples of didactic literature include Aesop's Fables. Novels written for women in the 18th and 19th century were also often didactic, kind of like fictionalized conduct manuals.
a fanciful expression in writing or speech; an elaborate metaphor.
a movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century, emphasizing inspiration, subjectivity, and the primacy of the individual.
a European intellectual movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries emphasizing reason and individualism rather than tradition. It was heavily influenced by 17th-century philosophers such as Descartes, Locke, and Newton, and its prominent exponents include Kant, Goethe, Voltaire, Rousseau, and Adam Smith.
a 16th-century movement for the reform of abuses in the Roman Catholic Church ending in the establishment of the Reformed and Protestant Churches.
the following of ancient Greek or Roman principles and style in art and literature, generally associated with harmony, restraint, and adherence to recognized standards of form and craftsmanship, especially from the Renaissance to the 18th century.
system of belief and practice characteristic of the Middle Ages, or devotion to elements of that period, which has been expressed in areas such as architecture, literature, music, art, philosophy, scholarship, and various vehicles of popular culture.
usually a short story or poem in which animals talk, is a traditional form of allegorical writing. It is a type of fable in which human behaviour and weaknesses are subject to scrutiny by reflection into the animal kingdom.
a novel dealing with one person's formative years or spiritual education.
The rapid development of industry that occurred in Britain in the late 18th and 19th centuries, brought about by the introduction of machinery. It was characterized by the use of steam power, the growth of factories, and the mass production of manufactured goods.
a highly conventionalized medieval tradition of love between a knight and a married noblewoman, first developed by the troubadours of Southern France and extensively employed in European literature of the time. The love of the knight for his lady was regarded as an ennobling passion and the relationship was typically unconsummated.
the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
term adopted by academics to refer to the resurgence of poetry using the alliterative verse form in Middle English between c. 1350 and 1500.
form of medieval French and English romance literature. ... Zipes reports the earliest recorded lay is Robert Biker's Lai du Cor, dating to the mid- to late-12th century.
uprising in France against the monarchy from 1789 to 1799 which resulted in the establishment of France as a republic. An example of the French Revolution is the storming of the Bastille by the French citizens. Impacted how British citizens saw political change.
relating to or characteristic of the reign of Queen Elizabeth I. Literature often revered her.
a work of literature portraying an idealized version of country life.
a poem or stanza of eight lines; an octet.
the last six lines of a sonnet.
two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined by rhyme, that form a unit.
a stanza of four lines, especially one having alternate rhymes.
a poem or song narrating a story in short stanzas. Traditional ballads are typically of unknown authorship, having been passed on orally from one generation to the next as part of the folk culture.
a four-line stanza in iambic meter in which the first and third unrhymed lines have four metrical feet and the second and fourth rhyming lines have three metrical feet.
stanza consists of seven lines, usually in iambic pentameter. The rhyme scheme is a-b-a-b-b-c-c. In practice, the stanza can be constructed either as a tercet and two couplets (a-b-a, b-b, c-c) or a quatrain and a tercet (a-b-a-b, b-c-c).
imagination vs.fancy (Samuel Taylor Coleridge)
Fancy was concerned with the mechanical operations of the mind, those which are responsible for the passive accumulation of data and the storage of such data in the memory. Imagination, on the other hand, described the "mysterious power," which extracted from such data, "hidden ideas and meaning." It also determined "the various operations of constructive and inventive genius."
imagination is the living power and prime agent of all human perception and as a repetition in the finite mind of the eternal act of creation in the infinite I AM.
fancy has no other counters to play with, but fixities and definites.
a metrical tale, typically a bawdily humorous one, of a type found chiefly in early French poetry.
genre of prose fiction that depicts the adventures of a roguish hero/heroine of low social class who lives by his or her wits in a corrupt society. ... The story is told in a series of loosely connected adventures or episodes.
The literary concept of the sublime became important in the eighteenth century. It is associated with the 1757 treatise by Edmund Burke, though it has earlier roots. The idea of the sublime was taken up by Immanuel Kant and the Romantic poets including especially William Wordsworth.
the variety of Norman French used in England after the Norman Conquest. It remained the language of the English nobility for several centuries and has had a strong influence on legal phraseology in English.
Concrete, pattern, or shape poetry is an arrangement of linguistic elements in which the typographical effect is more important in conveying meaning than verbal significance. It is sometimes referred to as visual poetry, a term that has now developed a distinct meaning of its own.
"canterbury tales":At the Tabard Inn, a tavern in Southwark, near London, the narrator joins a company of twenty-nine pilgrims. The pilgrims, like the narrator, are traveling to the shrine of the martyr Saint Thomas Becket in Canterbury. ... He decides that each pilgrim will tell two stories on the way to Canterbury and two on the way back. Stories are following tales.
"pilgrims way": historical route taken by pilgrims from Winchester in Hampshire, England, to the shrine of Thomas Becket at Canterbury in Kent.
"the knight's tale": demande d'amour. The Knight begins his tale with the story of Theseus, a prince, who married Hippolyta, the queen of Scythia, and brought her and her sister, Emelye, back to Athens with him after conquering her kingdom of Amazons.
"the miller's tale": guy wont leave married girl alone, guy asks for a kiss, girl agrees, girl instead sticks her butt out and guy kisses butt.
"the pardoner's tale": three young drunk guys go out to kill death, finds gold, and they plot to kill the other for a bigger portion. The youngest goes out to get bread and wine, poisons the wine, and when he gets back the other two jump and kill him.
"the nun's priest tale": a prideful rooster has a dream that a fox will get him. Later he sees a fox and the fox flatters him. While the rooster is distracted, the fox snatches him away. Dogs chase the fox and the rooster into the woods. The rooster suggests that the fox boasts to the dogs and he does. The rooster slips out of the fox's mouth and flies away. The fox tries to flatter the rooster to come down but the rooster states that he has learned his lesson.
Daniel Defoe "Robinson Cruscoe"
considered first english novel and first realist fiction.
Falling into ruin after the Dissolution of the Monasteries in the 16th century, the remains were celebrated in poetry and often painted by visitors from the 18th century onwards.
in medias res
satan, sin, and death
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