NEPA Applicable Laws

American Indian Religious Freedom Act of 1978
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Terms in this set (57)
Purpose: protect and preserve for American Indians their inherent right of freedom to believe, express, and exercise the traditional religions of the American Indian, Eskimo, Aleut, and Native Hawaiians, including but not limited to access to sites, use and possession of sacred objects, and the freedom to worship through ceremonials and traditional rites.

Applicability: all projects which affect places of religious importance to Native Americans.

General Procedures: consult with knowledgeable sources to identify and determine any effects on places of religious importance. Comply with Section 106 procedures if the property is listed on or eligible for inclusion on the National Register of Historic Places.

Coordination and Consultation: Bureau of Indian Affairs, State Historic Preservation Officer, Native American Heritage Commission, Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (if appropriate).
Purpose: provides for the protection of historic or prehistoric remains on federal lands; establishes criminal sanctions for unauthorized destruction or appropriation of antiquities; authorizes the President to declare by proclamation national monuments; and authorizes the scientific investigation of antiquities on federal lands, subject to permit and regulations.

Applicability: Historic or prehistoric remains on federal lands. Although there is no specific mention of natural or paleontological resources in the Act itself or in the Act's uniform rules and regulations, "objects of antiquity" has been interpreted to include fossils by the National Park Service (NPS) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).

General Procedures:
1. Notify the Department of Interior (DOI - NPS) when a federal project may result in the loss or destruction of a historic or archaeological property.
2. DOI and/or FHWA may undertake survey or data recovery.

Coordination and Consultation: Department of Interior (NPS) Department Archaeologist, State Historic Preservation Officer
Purpose: amended the 1960 Reservoir Salvage Act to include any federally assisted construction project that threatens the loss or destruction of significant scientific, historic, or archaeological data and requires that the agency notify the Secretary of the Interior of the threat. This Act is also called the Moss-Bennett Act. The law provides for the use of up to one percent of project funds for survey and mitigation. The federal agency may undertake the survey or recovery of data, or it may request the Secretary of the Interior to do so. If the agency itself undertakes the survey and recovery, it must provide the Secretary of the Interior with a report.

Applicability: all federal agencies.

General Procedures: does not apply to FHWA projects since FHWA historic preservation procedures under NHPA (Section 106) provide similar protection.
Purpose: This act preserves and protects archaeological, historic and paleontological resources and requires the issuance of permits in order to excavate or remove any archaeological or paleontological resources from federal lands and tribal lands. Unauthorized activities are punishable by fine, imprisonment, or both.

Applicability: Federal and Indian lands, including the National Park System, the National Wildlife Refuge System, and the National Forest System.

General Procedures: Project proponents must apply to the federal land manager for a permit to excavate or remove archaeological resources or carry out activities associated with excavation or removal.
Purpose: Authorizes the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA) to establish National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) to protect public health and the environment. The Act was amended in 1977 and 1990 to set new goals and meet unaddressed problems. The 1990 amendments also significantly strengthened "conformity" requirements for federal actions including transportation projects and funding.

Applicability: All emissions from area, stationary, and mobile sources.

General Procedures: Development of State Implementation Plans (SIPs) to meet the NAAQS.

Coordination and Consultation: Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs), U.S. EPA, and California Air Resources Board (CARB).
Purpose: Restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation's waters through prevention and elimination of pollution.

Applicability: Any discharge of a pollutant into waters of the United States.

General Procedures:
1. Obtain Section 404 permit for dredge or fill materials from Army Corps of Engineers (USACE).
2. Permits (National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System [NPDES] permit) for all other discharges are obtained from U.S. EPA or appropriate state agency, which in most cases is the appropriate Regional Water Quality Control Board (Section 402).
3. Water quality certification is required from the appropriate Regional Water Quality Control Board (Section 401).
4. All projects must be consistent with the state Non-point Source Pollution Management Program (Section 319).

Coordination and Consultation: USACE, U.S. EPA, State Water Resources Control Board, Regional Water Quality Control Boards.

CWA amended the federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972.
Purpose: Preserve, protect, develop, and where possible, restore and enhance resources of the coastal zone.

Applicability: All federal development activities and development requiring federal permits or funding affecting land or water areas or resources within the coastal zone and subject to the Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) of 1972.

General Procedures: The CZMA sets up a program under which coastal states are encouraged to develop coastal zone management programs. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) is the federal agency responsible for approving the states' coastal zone management program and overseeing their subsequent implementation. States with an approved coastal zone management program are able to review federal permits and activities to determine if they are consistent with the state's management plan. A certification of consistency with the approved Coastal Zone Management Plan (CZMP) is required from the state before federal approval can be granted. In California, this determination is made by either the State Coastal Commission or the San Francisco Bay Conservation and Development Commission (BCDC).

Coordination and Consultation: State Coastal Commission, BCDC, local agency, U.S. EPA, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Purpose: Manage non-point source pollution from activities located in coastal zones.

Applicability: All development activities located in coastal zone areas are subject to non-point source control measures developed by the State Coastal Commission, a local government with an approved CZMP, or the Bay Conservation and Development Commission (BCDC).

General Procedures: Ensure projects comply with CZMPs for controlling non-point sources.

Coordination and Consultation: State Coastal Commission, local government administering an approved CZMP, BCDC, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. EPA.
Purpose: provides a federal "Superfund" to clean up uncontrolled or abandoned hazardous-waste sites as well as accidents, spills, and other emergency releases of pollutants and contaminants into the environment. Through the Act, U.S. EPA was given power to seek out those parties responsible for any release and assure their cooperation in the cleanup.

The U.S. EPA cleans up orphan sites when potentially responsible parties cannot be identified or located, or when they fail to act. Through various enforcement tools, U.S. EPA obtains private party cleanup through orders, consent decrees, and other small party settlements. The U.S. EPA also recovers costs from financially viable individuals and companies once a response action has been completed.

Applicability: Any project that might take right-of-way containing a hazardous substance.

General Procedures: This act regulates the handling of hazardous waste sites. During early planning, the location of permitted and non-regulated hazardous waste sites should be identified. Early coordination with the U.S. EPA or California Environmental Protection Agency will aid in identifying known or potential hazardous waste sites.

Coordination and Consultation: U.S. EPA or Department of Toxic Substances Control.
Department of Transportation Act of 1966, Section 4(f)Purpose: Preserve publicly owned public parklands, recreation areas, waterfowl and wildlife refuges, and significant historic sites. Applicability: Whenever a U.S. Department of Transportation action (USDOT) involves the "use" of significant publicly-owned public (open to the public) parklands, recreation areas, wildlife and waterfowl refuges, and all significant historic sites. General Procedures: A specific finding is required. Section 4(f) lands land may be used for Federal-aid highways only if: 1. There is no prudent and feasible alternative to using that land; and 2. The program or project includes all possible planning to minimize harm to the park, recreation area, wildlife and waterfowl refuge, or historic site resulting from the use. Each project proposal must include a Section 4(f) avoidance alternative. Coordination and Consultation: Department of the Interior, Department of Agriculture, Department of Housing and Urban Development, state or local agencies having jurisdiction over the resources, and the State Historic Preservation Officer for historic sites.Emergency Wetlands Resources Act of 1986Purpose: To promote the conservation of wetlands in the United States in order to maintain the public benefits they provide. Applicability: All projects which may impact wetlands. General Procedures: 1. Preparation of a national wetlands priority conservation plan which provides priority with respect to federal and state acquisition. 2. Provide direction for the national wetlands inventory. Coordination and Consultation: U.S. Fish and Wildlife ServiceEndangered Species Act of 1973Purpose: Conserve species of fish, wildlife, and plants facing extinction. Applicability: Any action that is likely to jeopardize continued existence of such endangered or threatened species or result in destruction or modification of critical habitat. General Procedures: This act and subsequent amendments provide for the conservation of endangered and threatened species and the ecosystems upon which they depend. Section 7 of the Act requires federal agencies, in consultation with and with the assistance of the Secretary of the Interior or of Commerce, as appropriate, to insure that actions they authorize, fund or carry out are not likely to jeopardize the continued existence of threatened or endangered species or result in the destruction or adverse modification of critical habitat for these species. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NOAA Fisheries) share responsibilities for administering the Act. Coordination and Consultation: USFWS, NOAA Fisheries Section 7 requires consultation. Section 9 lists those actions that are prohibited under the Act. Section 10 provides a means for incidental take permits for non-federal actions.Executive Order 11593, Protection and Enhancement of Cultural EnvironmentPurpose: This order requires federal agencies to take a leadership role in preservation by surveying all lands under their ownership or control and nominating to the National Register of Historic Places all properties which appear to qualify. It also requires agencies to avoid inadvertently destroying such properties prior to completing their inventories. Applicability: Codified as part of the 1980 amendments to the National Historic Preservation Act.Executive Order 11988, Floodplain ManagementPurpose: This order directs all federal agencies to avoid the long-and short-term adverse impacts associated with the modification of floodplains and to avoid direct or indirect support of floodplain development wherever there is a practicable alternative and to restore and preserve the natural and beneficial values served by floodplains. Applicability: All construction of federal or federally-aided buildings, structures, roads, or facilities which encroach upon or affect the base floodplain. General Procedures: 1. Assessment of floodplain hazards. 2. Specific findings required in final environmental document for significant encroachments. Coordination and Consultation: Federal Emergency Management Agency, state and local agenciesExecutive Order 11990, Protection of WetlandsPurpose: This order establishes a national policy to avoid adverse impacts on wetlands wherever there is a practicable alternative. Applicability: Federally undertaken, financed, or assisted construction and improvements in or with significant impacts on wetlands. General Procedures: The federal Department of Transportation promulgated DOT Order 5660.1A in 1978 to comply with this direction. On federally funded projects, impacts on wetlands must be identified in the environmental document. Alternatives which avoid wetlands must be considered. If wetlands impacts cannot be avoided, then all practicable measures to minimize harm must be included. This must be documented in a specific "Wetlands Only Practicable Alternative Finding" in the Final Environmental Document. An additional requirement is the opportunity for early public involvement in projects affecting wetlands. The FHWA provides technical assistance in meeting these criteria and reviews environmental documents for compliance. Coordination and Consultation: USFWS, U.S. EPA, USACE, NOAA Fisheries, Natural Resources Conservation Service, state agencies.Executive Order 12898, Environmental JusticePurpose: Executive Order 12898 directs each federal agency to develop a strategy to address environmental justice concerns in its programs, policies, and regulations. The intent of the order is to avoid disproportionately high and adverse impacts on minority and low-income populations with respect to human health and the environment. Applicability: All federal programs and projects. General Procedures: Set forth in FHWA Order 6640.23.Executive Order 12962, Recreational FisheriesPurpose: This order directs that federal agencies shall, to the extent permitted by law and where practicable, improve the quantity, function, sustainable productivity, and distribution of U.S. aquatic resources for increased recreational fishing opportunities. This executive order requires evaluation and documentation of the effects caused by federally funded, permitted, or authorized actions on aquatic systems, fishing access, and recreational fisheries. Applicability: All federal agencies General Procedures: Provisions of this Executive Order are implemented through the NEPA process. Coordination and Consultation: FHWAExecutive Order 13007, Indian Sacred SitesPurpose: Within certain limitations, the order requires federal land-managing agencies to accommodate access to and ceremonial use of Indian sacred sites by Indian religious practitioners, avoid adversely impacting the physical integrity of such sites. Applicability: All federal land-managing agencies. The order primarily would affect the Department and local agencies when dealing with federal land-managing agencies such as the U.S. Forest Service, BLM, etc. General Procedures: Adherence to Executive memorandum of April 29, 1994, "Government-to-Government Relations with Native American Tribal Governments." Coordination and Consultation: Federal land-managing agencies, federally recognized tribes.Executive Order 13112, Invasive SpeciesPurpose: This order is intended to prevent the introduction of invasive species and provide for their control and to minimize the economic, ecological, and human health impacts that invasive species cause. This order was signed February 3, 1999 and revokes EO 11987 (May 24, 1977). The order directs federal agencies to expand and coordinate their efforts to combat the introduction and spread of plants and animals not native to the United States. Applicability: All federal agencies whose actions may affect the status of invasive species. General Procedures: Under the EO Federal agencies cannot authorize, fund, or carry out actions that they believe are likely to cause or promote the introduction or spread of invasive species in the United States or elsewhere unless all reasonable measures to minimize risk of harm have been analyzed and considered. Federal-aid and Federal Highway Program funds cannot be used for construction, revegetation, or landscaping activities that purposely include the use of known invasive species. Determinations of the likelihood of introducing or spreading invasive species and a description of measures being taken to minimize their potential harm should be part of any process conducted to fulfill agency responsibilities under NEPA. Considerations of invasive species should occur during all phases of the environmental process to fulfill the requirements of NEPA. Until the National Vegetation Management Plan specified in the Executive Order is completed, NEPA analyses should rely on each state's noxious weed list to define the invasive plants that must be addressed and the measures to be implemented to minimize their harm.Executive Order 13166, Improving Access to Services for Persons with Limited English ProficiencyPurpose: To ensure that federal agencies' programs and activities are accessible to persons with limited English proficiency pursuant to Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended prohibiting discrimination based on national origin. Applicability: All federal agencies and recipients of federal funds, including all federal USDOT administrations, state DOTs, MPOs, and transit operators, among others. General Procedures: Use the USDOT Guidance (below), SER Vol. 4, Community Impact Assessment and Caltrans Project Development Procedures Manual, Chapter 11, "Public Hearing." Coordination and Consultation: FHWAExecutive Order 13186, Migratory BirdsPurpose: Executive Order 13186 directs departments and agencies to take certain actions to further implement the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA). Specifically, the order directs federal agencies, whose direct activities will likely result in the take of migratory birds, to develop and implement a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) that shall promote the conservation of bird populations. Applicability: All federal agency actions. Federal-aid highway projects that are likely to result in take of birds protected under the MBTA will require the issuance of take permits from the local USFWS jurisdiction. The order should not affect Federal-aid projects because actions delegated to or assumed by nonfederal entities, or carried out by nonfederal entities with federal assistance, are not subject to the order, although such actions continue to be subject to the Migratory Bird Treaty Act itself. However, FHWA anticipates an MOU would be required under the order for projects under the Federal Lands Highway Program. General Procedures: Migratory Bird Treaty Act and Executive Order 13186 (FHWA, February 2, 2001) Exit Caltrans website Coordination and Consultation: USFWSExecutive Order 13287, Preserve AmericaPurpose:To enhance the use of historic properties owned by the federal government by encouraging public/private partnerships. Applicability: The order is applicable to all federal agencies. It would have likely have limited effect on Department projects because few historic properties affected by Department projects are owned by a federal agency. Coordination and Consultation: Federal agenciesFarmland Protection Policy Act of 1981Purpose: Minimize impacts on farmland and maximize compatibility with state and local farmland programs and policy. Applicability: All projects that take right-of-way in farmland, as defined by the regulation. General Procedures: This act requires that before taking or approving any federal action that would result in conversion of farmland, the agency must examine the effects of the action using the criteria set forth in the Act, and, if there are adverse effects, must consider alternatives to lessen them. 1. Early coordination with the Natural Resources Conservation Service. 2. Land evaluation and site assessment (LESA). 3. Determination of whether to proceed with farmland conversion, based on severity of impacts and other environmental considerations. Coordination and Consultation: Natural Resources Conservation ServiceFederal-Aid Highway Act of 1970, Section 109(h)Purpose: Assures that possible adverse, economic, social, and environmental effects of proposed highway projects and project locations are fully considered and that final decisions on highway projects are made in the best overall public interest. Applicability: Planning and development of proposed projects on any Federal-aid system for which the FHWA approves the plans, specifications, and estimates (PS&E) or has the responsibility for approving a program. General Procedures: Identification of economic, social, and environmental effects; consideration of alternative courses of action; involvement of other agencies and the public; systematic interdisciplinary approach. The report required by Section 128 on the consideration given to social, economic, and environmental (SEE) impacts may be the NEPA compliance document. Coordination and Consultation: Appropriate federal, state, and local agencies and the public.Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide ActPurpose: Control the application of pesticides to provide greater protection to man and the environment. Applicability: All activities which necessitate use of restricted pesticides. Applicable to roadside maintenance activities. General Procedures: Using or supervising "restricted use" pesticides will require certification. Coordination and Consultation: U.S. EPAFederal Land Policy and Management Act (FLPMA) of 1976This law provides authority for Bureau of Land Management (BLM) to regulate lands under its jurisdiction. Scientific paleontological collecting permits are granted based on the provisions of the Antiquities Act and FLPMA.Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act of 1934Purpose: Conservation, maintenance, and management of wildlife resources. Applicability: This act applies to any federal project where the waters of any stream or other body of water are impounded, diverted, deepened, or otherwise modified. General Procedures: Project proponents are required to consult with the USFWS and the appropriate state wildlife agency. Reports and recommendations prepared by these agencies document project effects on wildlife and identify measures that may be adopted to prevent loss or damage to wildlife resources. The term "wildlife" includes both animals and plants. Provisions of the Act are implemented through the NEPA process and Section 404 permit process. Coordination and Consultation: USFWS and California Department of Fish and Wildlife (CDFW)Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act (FAST Act)FAST stands for the Fixing America's Surface Transportation Act (P.L 114-94) and was signed into law by President Obama on December 4, 2015. FAST authorizes the federal surface transportation program for highways, highway safety, transit, and rail and provides $305 billion over 5 years. It covers a variety of transportation-related issues including financing, state and metropolitan transportation planning, improved safety, project delivery and permitting efficiencies, freight movement, workforce training, and transportation-related research and studies.Flood Disaster Protection ActPurpose: Identify flood-prone areas and provide insurance. Requires the purchase of insurance for buildings in special flood-hazard areas. Applicability: Any federally-assisted acquisition or construction project in an area identified as having special flood hazards. General Procedures: Avoid construction in, or design to be consistent with, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA)-identified flood-hazard areas. Coordination and Consultation: FEMA, state, and local agencies.Freedom of Information ActPurpose: The Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) establishes a presumption that records in the possession of agencies and departments of the Executive Branch of the U.S. government are available to the public. The FOIA sets standards for determining when Government records must be made available, which records may be withheld, and gives requesters specific legal rights and provides administrative and judicial remedies when access to records or portions of records is denied. Applicability: The FOIA requires that federal agencies provide access to and disclosure of information pertaining to the government's business to the fullest extent possible.Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Act of 1987, Section 123(f), Historic BridgesPurpose: Complete an inventory of on- and off- system bridges to determine their historic significance. Encourage the rehabilitation, reuse, and preservation of historic bridges. Applicability: Any bridge that is listed in, or eligible for listing in, the National Register of Historic Places. General Procedures: 1. Identify historic bridges on and off system 2. Seek to preserve of reduce impact to historic bridges 3. Seek a recipient prior to demolition Coordination and Consultation: State Historic Preservation Officer. The Department updated the original (1986) California Historic Bridge Inventory in 2010. The Inventory can be found online at Please contact the Department District Heritage Resources Coordinator, District Local Assistance Engineer, or the Department's HQ Cultural Studies Office for further information on the Inventory.Historic Sites Act of 1935Purpose: This act authorized the Historic American Buildings Survey and the Historic American Engineering Record and the National Survey of Historic Sites; authorized the establishment of national historic sites and designation of national historic landmarks; and authorized interagency, intergovernmental, and interdisciplinary efforts for the preservation of cultural resources.Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) of 1991The Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 provided authorizations for highways, highway safety, and mass transit for the next six years (1992-1997). Many of the provisions that originated in ISTEA have been continued or expanded in subsequent surface transportation legislation - the Transportation Efficiency Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21), the Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU), and the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21).Land and Water Conservation Fund Act of 1964Purpose: Preserve, develop, and assure the quality and quantity of outdoor recreation resources for present and future generations. Applicability: All projects which impact recreational lands purchased or improved with land and water conservation funds. This Act provides funding to preserve and develop recreational lands. General Procedures: The Secretary of the Interior must approve any conversion of property acquired or developed with Section 6(f) assistance to a use other than public, outdoor recreational use. Coordination and Consultation: Department of the Interior (NPS), state agencies.Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act of 1976Purpose: To take immediate action to conserve and manage the fishery resources found off the coasts of the United States, and the anadromous species and Continental Shelf fishery resources of the United States, by exercising (A) sovereign rights for the purposes of exploring, exploiting, conserving, and managing all fish within the exclusive economic zone established by Presidential Proclamation 5030, dated March 10, 1983, and (B) exclusive fishery management authority beyond the exclusive economic zone over such anadromous species, Continental Shelf fishery resources and fishery resources in the special areas. Applicability: To assess essential fish habitat in the review of projects conducted under federal permits, licenses, or other authorities that affect or have the potential to affect such habitat. General Procedures: The Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (MSFCMA) requires federal agencies such as the FHWA, and the Department through NEPA Assignment, to consult with the Secretary of Commerce regarding any action or proposed action authorized, funded, or undertaken by that agency that may adversely affect essential fish habitat (EFH), as identified under the MSFCMA. Federal agencies may use existing consultation/environmental review procedures, such as biological assessments, to satisfy the MSFCMA consultation requirements. Coordination and Consultation: NOAA Fisheries. See consultation information link below.Marine Mammal Protection Act of 1972Purpose: The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) generally prohibits "take" of marine mammals in U.S. waters by any person and by U.S. citizens in international waters and the importing of marine mammals and marine mammal products into the United States. NOAA Fisheries can authorize take for the certain activities. Applicability: All marine mammals are protected under this act. General Procedures: Apply for Incidental Harassment Authorization if the project could result in a "take" of any marine mammal. The definition of "take" is the same as in the Endangered Species Act (ESA). The 1994 amendments to the MMPA define "harassment levels." Early consultation with the NOAA Fisheries should occur to identify impacts and mitigation commitments in the NEPA document. Some marine mammals are listed under the Endangered Species Act. When the ESA and the MMPA both apply, the MMPA compliance is integrated into the ESA Section 7 consultation. Coordination and Consultation: NOAA Fisheries. Note that permit requirements changed in October 2006 and can be found at NOAA Fisheries Office of Protected Resources Permits. Exit Caltrans websiteMarine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972Purpose: Regulate dumping of material into United States' ocean waters. Title III of Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 (MPRSA) authorizes the Secretary of Commerce to designate certain areas as National Marine Sanctuaries after consulting with the heads of interested federal agencies and state and local governments, as appropriate. Sanctuaries may be designated anywhere in the marine environment, which Title III defines as: those areas of coastal and ocean waters, the Great Lakes and their connecting waters, and submerged lands over which the United States exercises jurisdiction, consistent with international law. Applicability: Any transportation to and dumping into the open sea. General Procedures: Apply for permit. A National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit cannot be granted if proposed discharge of water would violate Title III of this Act. Coordination and Consultation: USACE (if dredge material)Migratory Birds Treaty Act of 1918This law implements various treaties between the United States and Canada, Mexico, the former Soviet Union, and Japan protecting migratory birds by making it unlawful at any time, by any means or in any manner, to pursue, hunt, take, capture, or kill said species. The law applies to the removal of nests (such as swallow nests on bridges) occupied by migratory birds during the breeding season. Coordination and Consultation: USFWS enforces this act.Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (MAP-21)MAP-21 stands for the Moving Ahead for Progress in the 21st Century Act (PL 112-141) and was signed into law by President Obama on July 6th, 2012. The MAP-21 authorizes the federal surface transportation programs for highways, highway safety, and transit and provides funding of over $105 billion for the federal fiscal years (FY) 2013 and 2014. It covers a variety of transportation related issues including financing, state and metropolitan transportation planning, congestion relief, improved safety, expedited project delivery, consolidation of federal programs, goods movement, and transportation related research and studies. California participated in the "Surface Transportation Project Delivery Pilot Program" (Pilot Program) pursuant to 23 USC § 327 and established by SAFETEA-LU, for more than five years, beginning July 1, 2007 and ending September 30, 2012. MAP-21 amended 23 USC § 327 to establish a revised and permanent Surface Transportation Project Delivery Program. As a result, the Department entered into a Memorandum of Understanding pursuant to 23 USC § 327 (NEPA Assignment MOU) with FHWA. The NEPA Assignment MOU became effective October 1, 2012 and terminates eighteen months from the effective date of FHWA regulations developed to clarify amendments to 23 USC § 327 or on January 1, 2017. The NEPA Assignment MOU incorporates by reference the terms and conditions of the Pilot Program MOU. In summary, the Department continues to assume FHWA responsibilities under NEPA and other federal environmental laws in the same manner as was assigned under the Pilot Program, with minor changes.National Historic Preservation Act of 1966Purpose: This act declares a national policy of historic preservation to protect, rehabilitate, restore, and reuse districts, sites, buildings, structures, and objects significant in American architecture, history, archaeology and culture. Section 106 mandates that federal agencies take into account the effect of an undertaking on a property which is included in, or eligible for inclusion in, the National Register of Historic Places. The National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) establishes the National Register of Historic Places, State Historic Preservation Offices and programs, and the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP). Applicability: All properties on or eligible for inclusion in the National Register of Historic Places. General Procedures: 1. Identify and determine the effects of project on subject properties. 2. Afford the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation (ACHP) an early opportunity to comment in accordance with 36 CFR 800. 3. Avoid or mitigate adverse effects to the greatest extent possible. Coordination and Consultation: State Historic Preservation Officer, Native American Tribes, ACHP, NPSNational Trails System ActPurpose: Provide for outdoor recreation needs and encourage outdoor recreation. Applicability: This act applies to projects affecting national scenic or historic trails designated by Congress and the lands through which such trails pass. General Procedures: 1. Apply for right-of-way easement from the Secretary of Interior or Agriculture, as appropriate. 2. Ensure that potential trail properties are made available for use as recreational and scenic trails. Coordination and Consultation: NPS, USFS, other federal land management agencies may apply for designation.Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990Purpose: Protect human remains and cultural material of Native American and Hawaiian groups. Applicability: Actions on federal and Tribal lands. General Procedures: Consult with appropriate Native American group. This act and regulations develop a systematic process for determining the rights of Indian tribes to certain Native American human remains and cultural items to which they are affiliated, when such remains and items are in the possession or control of an institution or state or local government receiving federal funds and were collected prior to November 16, 1990, or are excavated or discovered on federal or tribal lands after that date. Coordination and Consultation: Appropriate Native American group, Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs, State Historic Preservation OfficerNoise Control Act of 1972Purpose: Promulgate noise standards for highway traffic Applicability: All federally-funded projects for the construction of a highway on new location, or the physical alteration of an existing highway which significantly changes either the vertical or horizontal alignment or increases the number of through-traffic lanes. General Procedures: 1. Noise impact analysis 2. Analysis of abatement measures 3. Incorporate reasonable and feasible noise abatement measures to reduce or eliminate noise impactPollution Prevention Act of 1990The Pollution Prevention Act focused industry, government, and public attention on reducing the amount of pollution through cost-effective changes in production, operation, and raw materials use. Opportunities for source reduction are often not realized because of existing regulations, and the industrial resources required for compliance, focus on treatment, and disposal. Source reduction is fundamentally different and more desirable than waste management or pollution control. Pollution prevention also includes other practices that increase efficiency in the use of energy, water, or other natural resources, and protect our resource base through conservation. Practices include recycling, source reduction, and sustainable agriculture.Reservoir Salvage Act of 1960This act provides for the recovery and preservation of "historical and archaeological data" that might be lost or destroyed as a result of the construction of dams, reservoirs, and attendant facilities.Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA)Purpose: This act regulates the handling of hazardous waste sites for the protection of human health and the environment. RCRA gave U.S. EPA the authority to control hazardous waste from the "cradle-to-grave" including the generation, transportation, treatment, storage, and disposal of hazardous waste. The 1986 amendments to RCRA enabled U.S. EPA to address environmental problems that could result from underground tanks storing petroleum and other hazardous substances. RCRA focuses only on active and future facilities and does not address abandoned or historical sites (see CERCLA). The Federal Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments (HSWA) are the 1984 amendments to RCRA that required phasing out land disposal of hazardous waste. Some of the other mandates of this law include more stringent hazardous waste management standards and a comprehensive underground storage tank program. Applicability: Any project that acquires right-of-way containing hazardous waste. General Procedures: During early planning, the location of permitted and non-regulated hazardous waste sites should be identified. Subsequent remediation efforts may be required. Early coordination with the U.S. EPA or California Environmental Protection Agency, as appropriate, should occur to aid in identifying known or potential hazardous waste sites and remedial actions. Coordination and Consultation: U.S. EPA, California Environmental Protection Agency.Rivers and Harbors Appropriations Act of 1899, Sections 9 and 10Purpose: Protection of navigable water in the United States. Applicability: Any construction affecting navigable waters and any obstruction, excavation, or filling. This section requires permits for all structures such as riprap and activities such as dredging in navigable waters of the United States. Navigable waters are defined as those subject to the ebb and flow of the tide and susceptible to use in their natural condition or by reasonable improvements as means to transport interstate or foreign commerce. The USACE grants or denies permits based on the effects on navigation. Most activities covered under this act are also covered under Section 404 of the Clean Water Act. All activities involving navigable waters of the United States require a Section 10 permit. General Procedures: Must obtain approval of plans for construction, dumping, and dredging permits (Section 10) and bridge permits (Section 9). Coordination and Consultation: U.S. Coast Guard (USCG), USACE, U.S. EPA, state agencies. Section 9 of the Rivers and Harbors Appropriations Act is administered by the USCG. Section 10 of the Rivers and Harbors Appropriations Act is administered by the USACE.Safe Drinking Water Act of 1944Purpose: Ensure public health and welfare through safe drinking water. Applicability: All public drinking water systems and reservoirs (including rest area facilities). Actions which may have a significant impact on an aquifer or wellhead protection area which is the sole or principal drinking water. General Procedures: Compliance with national primary drinking water regulations. Compliance with wellhead protection plans. Compliance with MOAs between U.S. EPA and FHWA covering specific sole source aquifers. Coordination and Consultation: This act requires coordination with U.S. EPA when an area designated as a principal or sole source aquifer may be impacted by a proposed project. The U.S. EPA will furnish information on whether any of the alternatives affect the aquifer and may cause potential impacts to the critical aquifer protection area. The U.S. EPA has designated the following sole source aquifers: Campo-Cottonwood, Fresno, Ocotillo-Coyote Wells, Santa Margarita, and Scotts Valley.Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU)Safe, Accountable, Flexible, Efficient Transportation Equity Act: A Legacy for Users (SAFETEA-LU) is the transportation funding act that was signed by President George W. Bush on August 10, 2005. SAFETEA-LU authorized the federal surface transportation programs for highways, highway safety, and transit for the 5-year period from 2005-2009. It covered a variety of transportation related issues including financing, congestion relief, improved safety, improved efficiency (such as coordinated planning and environmental streamlining), environmental stewardship, and transportation related research and studies. SAFETEA-LU included a number of changes aimed at streamlining the environmental review process.Transportation Efficiency Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21)The Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) was enacted June 9, 1998 as PL 105-178. This Act authorized the federal surface transportation programs for highways, highway safety, and transit for the 6-year period 1998-2003.Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964The Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) was enacted June 9, 1998 as PL 105-178. This Act authorized the federal surface transportation programs for highways, highway safety, and transit for the 6-year period 1998-2003. Applicability: All federal programs and projects. General Procedures: Set forth in 49 CFR 21 and 23 CFR 200. Coordination and Consultation: FHWA headquarters and field offices.Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policy Act of 1970Purpose: These acts, collectively known as the Uniform Act, as amended, provide for uniform and equitable treatment of persons displaced from their homes, businesses, non-profit associations, or farms by federal and federally-assisted programs, and establish uniform and equitable land acquisition policies. The Act assures that such persons are treated fairly, consistently, and equitably, and so that they will not suffer disproportionate injuries. Applicability: All projects involving federal funds. General Procedures: Set forth in 49 CFR 24. Whenever there are relocation impacts involved in a Federal-aid project, the environmental document (EA or EIS) shall contain model language regarding the Act and shall cite its full title. Department Procedures: There is additional language describing the benefits of the Act which shall be included in either the Community Impact Assessment report or the Draft Relocation Impact Document or Memorandum. A Draft Relocation Impact Document or Memorandum is prepared by Right of Way to support the Draft Environmental Document and a Final Relocation Document or Memorandum is prepared by Right of Way to support the Final Environmental Document. District Environmental and District Right of Way shall coordinate as to which technical report shall contain the expanded description of the Act. Coordination and Consultation: FHWA has lead responsibility. Appropriate federal, state, and local agencies.Water Bank Act, Wetland Mitigation Banks, ISTEA 1991, Sections 1006-1007Purpose: Preserve, restore, and improve wetlands of the nation. Applicability: Any agreements with landowners and operators in important migratory waterfowl nesting and breeding areas. General Procedures: Apply procedures established for implementing Executive Order 11990. Coordination and Consultation: Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of the InteriorWild and Scenic Rivers Act of 1968Purpose: Preserve and protect wild and scenic rivers and immediate environments for benefit of present and future generations. Applicability: All projects which affect designated wild, scenic, and recreational rivers and immediate environment and rivers under study for inclusion into the system. The Act prohibits federal agencies from undertaking activities which would adversely affect the values for which the river was designated. General Procedures: This act is administered by a variety of state and federal agencies. Designated river segments flowing through federally managed lands are administered by the land managing agency (e.g., U.S. Forest Service, BLM, and the NPS). River segments flowing through private lands are administered by the California Natural Resources Agency in conjunction with local government agencies. Coordination and Consultation: On projects that affect designated rivers or their immediate environments, the Department consults with the managing agencies during the NEPA process. This early consultation reduces potential conflicts with wild and scenic river values that are protected by the Act.Wilderness Act of 1964Purpose: This act preserves and protects wilderness areas in their natural condition for use and enjoyment by present and future generations. Applicability: All lands designated by Congress as part of the wilderness system. General Procedures: Apply for modification or adjustment of wilderness boundary by either Secretary of the Interior or Agriculture, as appropriate. Coordination and Consultation: Department of Agriculture (USFS), Department of Interior (USFWS, NPS, BLM), and state agencies.Wildflowers, Surface Transportation and Uniform Relocation Act of 1987, Section 130Purpose: To encourage the use of native wildflowers in highway landscaping. Applicability: Native wildflowers are to be planted on any landscaping project undertaken on the Federal-aid highway system. General Procedures: At least ¼ of 1% of funds expended on a landscaping project must be used to plant native wildflowers on that project. Coordination and Consultation: FHWA