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Ch 24 Figures of Speech and Ch. 25 Symbol, Allegory, and Irony
Terms in this set (24)
figure of speech
word or phrase that deviates from the literal, denotative meanings of words in order to suggest additional meanings or effects
makes a comparison using such words as 'like' or 'as'
Example: "you fit into me / like a hook into an eye"
makes a comparison between two unlike things without using 'like' or 'as'
Example: "Presentiment--is that long Shadow--on the lawn"
a subtle comparison that is not made explicitly
"He brayed his refusal to leave"
a sustained comparison used throughout most or all of a poem
A figure of speech that runs through an entire work and determines the form or nature of that work
a play on words that relies on a word having more than one meaning or sounding like another word
"a fad is in one era and out the other"
a figure of speech in which part of something is used to signify the whole, or the whole is used to signify a part of something
Example: a gossiping neighbor is referred to as a "wagging tongue" OR
"Germany invaded Poland" OR
"Friends, Romans, countryman, lend me your ears."
when something closely associated with a subject is substituted for it
"At precisely ten o'clock the paper shufflers stopped for coffee"
the attribution of human characteristics to nonhuman things
"trees scream in the raging wind"
an address made to someone who is absent or something nonhuman that cannot comprehend
"Oh, Captain, My Captain!"
"O Me, O Life"
a figure of speech that exaggerates to make a point
Example: "An hundred years should go to praise / Thine eyes and on thy forehead gaze, / Two hundred to adore each breast, / But thirty thousand to the rest:"
a figure of speech that says less than is intended
Example: "The grave's a fine and private place, / But none, I think, do there embrace."
a statement that at first appears to contradict itself but turns out to make sense
Example: "The pen is mightier than the sword."
the combination of two contradictory words
Example: "silent scream"
Something that stands for or represents something else
a narration or description usually restricted to a single meaning because its events, actions, characters, settings, and objects represent specific abstractions or ideas
Allegory especially lends itself to this type of poetry, which is designed to teach an ethical, moral, or religious lesson.
a technique that reveals a discrepancy between what appears to be and what is actually true
what happens is entirely different from what is expected
Example: "And Richard Cory, one calm summer night, / Went home and put a bullet through his head."
saying something different or opposite from what is meant
Example: "War is kind"
the literary art of ridiculing a folly or vice in an effort to expose or correct it. The object is usually some human frailty; people, institutions, ideas, and things are all fair game
when a writer allows a reader to know more about a situation that a character does
When a writer uses God, destiny, or fate to dash the hopes and expectations of a character or human kind in general
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