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Terms in this set (35)
Competitively inhibits histamines at the H2 receptors and leads to a reduction in secretion of gastric acid
Histamine stimulates the secertion of gastric acid by action on H2 receptors, which are found in the parietal ells of the gastric mucosa.(decreases the amount of acid in the stomach)
Is used to treat ulcers; gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), a condition i which backward flow of acid in the heartburn and injury of the food pipe and conditions where the stomach produces too much acid
Is used to treat stomach ulcers, erosive esophagitis, and gastroesophageal reflux disease
Rx and OTC
Is used to treat and prevent the recurrence of ulceres and to treat other conditions where thre stomachmakes too much acid. Also used to treat and prevent occasional heartburn, acid indigestion, or sour stomach. Otc and Rx
Is used to treat ulcers; gastroesophageal reflux disease ,
It markedly inhibits gastric acid secertion and has a long duration of action
Isnused to treat the symptoms of GERD, allow the esophagus to hesl, snd prevent further damage to the esophagus. Is also used to decrease The chance that people who are taking nonsteriodsl anti-inflammatory drugs will develope ulcers. It is also used with other medications to treat and prevent the return of stomach ulcers caused by certain type of bacteria.
Rx is used to treat GERD it is also used to treat the symptoms of GERD, allow the esophagus to heal, and prevent further damage to the esophagus. Is also used to treat ulcers to prevent more ulcers from develpoing in people whose ulcers have already healed, and to decrease the risk that people who are taking NSAIDS will develop ulcres.
OTC is used to treat frequent heartburn. (Heartburn that occurs two or more days a week)
Pantoprazole no otc form
No otc form
Anticholinergic/ antispasmodic agents
Inhibits thenaction of acetylcholine. They stop the transimission of parasympathetic nerve impulses therefore lessen the spasms of smooth muscle, such ascin the gastrointestinal tract and in the bladder. They are usednto treat spasms or conditions with disturbances in the bladder or gastrointestinal motility.
Generic atropine sulfate
- produces mant effects in the body, including relief from spasms of the gastrointestinal tract (stomach and intestines), the bladder, and the viliary tract. This is helpfulmin controlling conditions such as colitis, spastic bladder, diverticulitis, infant colic, renal and biliary colic, peptic ulcer, and irritablebowel syndrome.
- treatsnirritable bowel syndrome, or spastic colon and colitis.
- is used in combinationmwith other medications to treat ulcers.
Are drugs used to increase or stimulate the frequency of bowel evacuation or to encourage the passage of a bulkier or softer stool. Are used to relieve constipation. The common laxatives are the stimulants, bulking agents, lubricants and hyperosmotic agents.
Is used on a short term basis to treat constipation. It is also used to empty the bowels before surgery and certain medical procedures. Normally causes a bowel movement within 6-12 hrs.
Generic docusate sodium
Is a stool softener. It makes bowel movements more softer and easiler to pass. Is used to treat or prevent constipation, and to reduce pain or rectal damage caused by hard stools or by straining during bowel movements. After using docusate, you should have a bowel movement within 12-72 hrs.
Absorbs liquid in the intestines and makes a bulky, softer stool which is easier to pass.helps relieve constipation and to maintain regularity.
Milk of Magnesia
Reduces stomach acid and increases water in the intestines which may induce defecation.
Works by causing the intestines to hold more water, which softens stool.
You should have a bowel movement within 15-60 minutes after using the suppository.
Works by coating the waste matter inside your intestines to help seal water. When too much water seeps out of your stools they can become hard and cause constipation.
Generic polyethylene glycol
Increases the amount of water in the intestinal track to stimulate bowel movements. Should produce a bowel movement within 1-3 days. Powder packs to mix in water but comes in a big bottle with a measuring cup.
Generic polyethylene glycol
Is used to clean the bowel before an colonoscopy, or other intestinal procedures
Comes in powder to mix in water in provided jug.
Used in the treatment of nonspecific diarrhea and acute episodes of chronic functional diarrhea.
Generic bismuth subsalicylate
-is used to treat diarrhea, nausea, heartburn, indigestion, and upset stomach.you should not use if you have a stomach ulcer, a recent hitory of stomach or intestinal bleeding, or if you are allergic tovsalicylates such as aspirin.
NOT FOR LITTLE CHILDREN HAS ASPIRIN IN IT.!!!!!!
Generic diphenoxylate with atropine
Rx controlled substance
Pretaining to against vomitting
Used to treat nausea and vomitting
Blocks the chemical in the body that can trigger nausea and vomitting. Tablets, liquid, ODT
Used to treat allergies like sneezing, itchy watery eyes, etc. also used to treat nausea, vomitting, motin sickness, and pain.found in many cough syrups. Tablet liquid suppository and injection.
Is used to prevent and treat nasuea, vomitting, dizziness, and vertigo associated with motion sickness.
Generic hydroxyzine pamoate
Is used as a sedative to treat anxiety and trnsion. It is also used together with other medicstions given for anesthesia. Mah also be usesd to control nausea and vomitting
. Also treats allergic reaction skin infectionssouch as hives or contact dermatitis
Is used to treat or prevent nausea, vomitting, and dizziness caused by motion sickness. It is alsocused for vertigo
Generic scopolamine transdermal
Is used to prevent nausea and vomitting caused by motion sickness or from anesthesia given during surgery
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