How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

Functioning within the legal system

Chapter 2
STUDY
PLAY
ADJUDICATE
TO HEAR AND SETTLE BY A JUDICIAL PROCESS
ARBITRATION
A HEARING HELD BETWEEN TWO OR MORE PARTIES WHO DISAGREE ON AN ISSUE BUT AGREE IN ADVANCE TO ABIDE BY THE DECISION OF AN IMPARTIAL THIRD PERSON
BENCH TRIAL
a trial in which a judge serves without a jury and rules on the law as well as the facts
BEYOND A REASONABLE DOUBT
proven in a thoroughly convincing way
BURDEN OF PROOF
THE NECESSITY OF GIVING CONVINCING LEGAL PROOF OF ANY FACTS IS DISPUTE
CERT. DENIED
WHEN THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT REFUSES TO HEAR A CASE ON APPEAL
COMMON LAW
LAW DERIVING ITS AUTHORITY FROM USAGES AND CUSTOMS AFFIRMED BY COURT JUDGMENTS AND DECREES
CONFIDENTIALITY
THE STATE OF BEING TREATED AS A PRIVATE MATTER NOT INTENDED FOR PUBLIC KNOWLEDGE
CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT
a right guaranteed to citizens by the Constitution and assailable by law
CONTINGENCY
SOMETHING THAT MAY OCCUR BUT IS DEPENDENT UPON AN UNCERTAIN FUTURE EVENT
CREDIBILITY
THE QUALITY IN WITNESS THAT MAKES HIS OR HER EVIDENCE WORTH BELIEVING
CROSS EXAMINATION
INTERROGATION OF A WITNESS BY A PARTY OTHER THAN THE DIRECT EXAMINER
DAMAGES
MONETARY COMPENSATION FOR LOSS OR INJURY
DECISION
THE AUTHORITATIVE JUDGMENT MADE TO SETTLE A CONTROVERSY
DEPOSITION
A PRIOR STATEMENT BY A WITNESS TO BE USED IN COURT AS TESTIMONY TAKEN UNDER OATH SUBJECT TO CROSS EXAMINATION
DIRECT EXAMINATION
THE FIRST INTERROGATION OF A WITNESS BY THE FOR WHOM THE WITNESS HAS BEEN CALLED IN BEHALF OF THAT PARTY'S CLAIM
DISPOSITION
A PRIOR STATEMENT BY A WITNESS TO BE USED IN COURT AS TESTIMONY TAKEN UNDER OATH SUBJECT TO CROSS EXAMINATION
DISTRICT ATTORNEY
THE OFFICIAL PROSECUTOR OF A JUDICIAL DISTRICT
DOCUMENTATION
THE SUPPLYING OF WRITTEN OR PRINTED OFFICIAL INFORMATION THAT CAN BE USED FOR EVIDENCE
INCIDENT REPORT
THE OFFICIAL STATE STATEMENT ABOUT AN INCIDENT
INTERROGATORY
WRITTEN QUESTIONS ABOUT A CASE ADDRESSED TO ONE PARTY BY ANOTHER
INTERROGATORY
WRITTEN QUESTIONS ABOUT A CASE ADDRESSED TO ONE PARTY BY ANOTHER
JUDGMENT
THE COURTS DECISION REGARDING THE RIGHTS AND OBLIGATIONS OF THE PARTIES IN A DISPUTE
MEDIATION
A NEUTRAL PARTY HEARS TWO OPPOSING PARTIES WITH THE INTENT OF PERSUADING
MOTION
THE APPLICATION TO A COURT OR JUDGE FOR A RULING IN FAVOR OF THE ONE APPLYING
NEGOTIATION
EXCHANGE AND CONSIDERATION OF OFFERS UNTIL PARTIES AGREE ON A SOLUTION THAT IS ACCEPTABLE TO BOTH
PERJURY
A FALSE STATEMENT UNDER OATH
PRETRIAL CONFERENCE
THE FIRST COURT CONFERENCE OF PARTIES INVOLVED IN A DISPUTE
PREVENTIVE MEDICINE
MEDICAL PRACTICES AND PRECAUTIONS DESIGNED TO WARD OFF LITIGATION
PSYCHOLOGICAL
INFLUENCING MENTAL OR EMOTIONAL BEHAVIOR
SUBSTANTIVE LAW
THE PART OF LAW THAT CREATES, DEFINES, AND REGULATES RIGHT
TESTIMONY
evidence given BY A COMPETENT WITNESS
WITNESS
A PERSON TESTIFYING UNDER OATH TO WHAT HE OR SHE HAS HEARD OR NOTICED
WRIT OF CERTIORARI
A DEVICE USED BY THE UNITED STATES SUPREME COURT TO CHOOSE THE CASES IT WANTS TO HEAR