Upgrade to remove ads
Government and Constitution Terms (2020)
Terms in this set (30)
Articles of Confederation
A weak constitution that governed America during and a bit after the Revolutionary War.
To approve (a bill/law)
offered a 2-house legislature (bicameral) to satisfy both big and small states
A form of government in which citizens choose their leaders by voting, and those leaders make decisions.
3/5 of the enslaved population would be counted for both taxation and representation
A change in, or addition to, a constitution or law
a government that has been limited in power by a constitution (laws), or written agreement
checks and balances
a system in which each branch of government is able to check, or restrain, the power of the others
separation of powers
the division of power among the legislative, executive, and judicial branches of government
Branch of government that makes the laws (also called Congress)
Branch of government that enforces the laws
Branch of government that decides if laws are written and carried out fairly (judges the laws).
A system in which power is divided between the federal and state governments
A plan at the constitutional convention to base representation in the legislature on population of the state. (BIG states liked this plan)
New Jersey Plan
A plan at the constitutional convention to have representation in the legislature be equal for all states, no matter their population. (SMALL states liked this plan)
Bill of Rights
First 10 amendments to the Constitution
A legislative branch consisting of two parts, or houses. (For the U.S. it is the Senate and the House of Representatives)
A legislative branch consisting of one-house.
A group of advisers to the president.
Power of Judicial Review
Power granted to the Supreme Court to review bills/laws and make sure they abide with the Constitution.
important set of laws that outlines a government
Cruel and harsh government power in the hands of one, a few, or many.
A group of people with common political interests who organize to nominate candidates to be elected to a government position
A government in which the people rule
Part of the legislative branch, with 2 senators from each state, regardless of population.
House of Representatives
Part of the current U.S. legislative branch, with representation based on population of each state. (435 total members)
the legislature (law-making group) of the United States government (Senate + House of Representatives)
to reject a bill and prevent it from becoming a law
the highest judicial court in the United States
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
2020 Constitution Vocabulary
Chapter 7/8 Social Studies Review
Chapter 3: Civics and Government Vocabulary
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Government and Constitution Terms (12 te…
20 Q: Election/Declaration of Independence Quizlet…
Shortened Election/Declaration of Independence Qui…
Government and Constitution Terms - Adjusted