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a culture that is grown from a single colony of bacteria, which is taken from a direct culture
the lab test in which oxidase reagent is added to a colony of suspected Niesseria gonorrhoeae to confirm the presence of this organism
bacteria that is cork-screw in shape, syphilis and Lyme disease are caused by this shape of organism
an antibiotic used in cultures to give an early indication of the presence of Group A strep
a primary culture; a culture grown by inoculating patient specimens directly into the culture medium
a bacterium that has very precise nutritional and environmental requirements for growth
the lab test in which hydrogen peroxide is added to urine cultures to distinguish strep from staph infections
the lab test that demonstrates the presence of an enzyme produced by pathogenic staph organisms
two specimens collected with in a specific time interval, usually thirty minutes, to compare the concentration of particular substances
microscopic solid molds formed from protein precipitates in the renal tubules and voided in the urine.
24 hour specimen
the total urine output of a patient for twenty-four hour period; usually collected by the patient at home and often used for quantitative analysis
a urine specimen that is taken at any time of day or night, usually during a visit to the physician's office
glucose-tolerance test (GTT)
a test of the ability to metabolized glucose, in which the patient is tested for blood and urine glucose at short intervals after consuming a known quantity of glucose in solution
the process of inserting a tube thought the urethra into the urinary bladder to obtain a urine specimen
also called Benedict's test. It test for simple sugars, such as lactose, galactose, fructose, and pentose, in the urine, not just for glucose
Bence Jones protein
an abnormal protein found in patients with multiple myeloma and other conditions
the male gamete that fertilizes the female egg. seen in urine, it has an expanded head and a long whiplike tail and appears black
shrunken; usually sued to refer to shrunken RBC, which appear small and scalloped around the edges
the solid material that settles to the bottom of urine when it stands or is centrifuged
the tube-shaped element in urine sediment, formed in the tubules of the kidney by the deposition of protien
the type of microscopy in which difference in the refractive index are translated into difference in brightness
fine- or coarse-grained dark renal cast that has degenerated from a hyaline or waxy cast.
measure of how acidic or basic a solution is; the scale ranges from below 0 to above 14; solution with pH above 7 is basic and a pH below 7 is acidic
A class of nutrients that builds body tissue and supplies energy. Protein is made up of amino acids. Referred to onlyin the singular, protein
detects esterase- enzyme released by white blood cells when significant numbers of these cells are present in fluid
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