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Medical Lab Procedures
a spherical or oval shaped bacterium
a culture that is grown from a single colony of bacteria, which is taken from a direct culture
the lab test in which oxidase reagent is added to a colony of suspected Niesseria gonorrhoeae to confirm the presence of this organism
bacteria that is cork-screw in shape, syphilis and Lyme disease are caused by this shape of organism
an antibiotic used in cultures to give an early indication of the presence of Group A strep
a primary culture; a culture grown by inoculating patient specimens directly into the culture medium
a bacterium that has very precise nutritional and environmental requirements for growth
a rod-shaped bacerium
belonging to the plant family but does not contain chlorophyll
the lab test in which hydrogen peroxide is added to urine cultures to distinguish strep from staph infections
the lab test that demonstrates the presence of an enzyme produced by pathogenic staph organisms
a single-celled animal
the most commonly used stain for bacterial smears
bacteria that stain pink or red with Gram staining technique
a true worm
two specimens collected with in a specific time interval, usually thirty minutes, to compare the concentration of particular substances
microscopic solid molds formed from protein precipitates in the renal tubules and voided in the urine.
the outside are of the body immediately surrounding the rectum and urethra
24 hour specimen
the total urine output of a patient for twenty-four hour period; usually collected by the patient at home and often used for quantitative analysis
a urine specimen that is taken at any time of day or night, usually during a visit to the physician's office
glucose-tolerance test (GTT)
a test of the ability to metabolized glucose, in which the patient is tested for blood and urine glucose at short intervals after consuming a known quantity of glucose in solution
the process of inserting a tube thought the urethra into the urinary bladder to obtain a urine specimen
the presence of myoglobin in the urine
the presence of keytones in the urine
a simple sugar formed from the breakdown of lactose (milk sugar)
a high level of bilrubin in the blood
also called Benedict's test. It test for simple sugars, such as lactose, galactose, fructose, and pentose, in the urine, not just for glucose
excess urobilinogen in the urine
Bence Jones protein
an abnormal protein found in patients with multiple myeloma and other conditions
yellow of the eyes and skin caused by excess bilirubin in the blood
renal cast that contains fat droplets because of chronic renal disease
the male gamete that fertilizes the female egg. seen in urine, it has an expanded head and a long whiplike tail and appears black
the shedding of layers of cells or skin
shrunken; usually sued to refer to shrunken RBC, which appear small and scalloped around the edges
inflammation of the prostate
a nongranular white blood cell with a single nucleus
the most commonly found type of white blood cell in urine sediment
the solid material that settles to the bottom of urine when it stands or is centrifuged
the most common type of renal cast
urine with a specific gravity of 1.003 or less (diluted).
dye added to cells while they are living
the condition characterized by large numbers of casts in the urine
the tube-shaped element in urine sediment, formed in the tubules of the kidney by the deposition of protien
the type of microscopy in which difference in the refractive index are translated into difference in brightness
a white blood cell
a red blood cell
inflammation of the glands penis
the renal cast that is yellowish, with irregular broken ends.
fine- or coarse-grained dark renal cast that has degenerated from a hyaline or waxy cast.
measure of how acidic or basic a solution is; the scale ranges from below 0 to above 14; solution with pH above 7 is basic and a pH below 7 is acidic
The body's blood sugar; a simple form of carbohydrate
A class of nutrients that builds body tissue and supplies energy. Protein is made up of amino acids. Referred to onlyin the singular, protein
an intermediary product of fat metabolism.
a product of the breakdown of red blood cells.
a derivative of bilirubin formed by the action of interstinal bacteria
any compound containing the nitrate group (such as a salt or ester of nitric acid)
detects esterase- enzyme released by white blood cells when significant numbers of these cells are present in fluid
the density of a substance relative to the density of water
Defective phenylalanine hydroxylase. Results in mental retardation, epilepsy, brain calcification, mousy smelling urine, etc. if untreated. Treated with phenylalanine restricted, tyrosine supplemented diet.