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German Nationalism & Unification
Terms in this set (30)
Otto von Bismarck
Man known as "The Iron Chancellor" who unified over 39 Germanic territories into the modern nation of Germany
The strongest and most ambitious Germanic territory prior to 1871 and forerunner to the modern nation of Germany.
The capital city of Prussia and the capital city of modern Germany
Extreme pride in and/or dedication to one's own nation
The Prussian Parliament of the mid - late 1800s
A government official that works for their native country in foreign countries negotiating trade deals, military alliances, etc.
Housing units where ambassadors live
German political office second in power only to the German Kaiser (king).
Otto von Bismarck was the Chancellor of Germany from 1871 - 1890.
A gov't leader who controls their country using military force and aggressive/dishonest political maneuvers. Totalitarian dictators use military force to maintain control over their people
Kaiser Wilhelm I
Kaiser of Prussia from 1861-1888 and close political ally of Otto von Bismarck.
"Kaiser" is the German spelling of the word "king".
Prussian war with Denmark to add the German-speaking territories of Schleswig and Holstein to the Prussian Empire.
Battle of Dybbøl
Climatic battle of the Schleswig Wars fought on April 18, 1864.
Treaty of Vienna
Treaty ending the Schleswig Wars. Denmark surrendered control of Schleswig and Holstien to Prussia in this treaty.
Forming alliances based on pragmatic rather than moral considerations.
Bismarck's alliance with Italy is a good example of realpolitik. Bismarck did not create an alliance with Italy because he wanted to help Italy, but because a stronger Italy meant a weaker Austria and a weaker France.
"Iron & Blood Speech"
Bismarck delivered his famous speech to the Prussian Landtag on September 30, 1862.
"The position of Prussia will not be determined by its liberalism, but by its power...Prussia must concentrate its strength and hold it for the favorable moment...Not through speeches and majority decisions will the great questions of the day be decided, but by iron & blood".
Nickname for Otto von Bismarck born from his "Blood and Iron" speech of 1862
Prussian war with Austria to add the German-speaking territories of Hanover, Frankfurt, and Saxony to the Prussian Empire.
Battle of Königgrätz
The climatic battle of the Austro-Prussian War on July 3, 1866.
Prussia defeated Austria with superior leadership and superior weaponry. Prussian soldiers were supplied with rifles that allowed them to fire 5 shots to Austrian soldiers' 1 shots.
Prussian commanders used railroads to move Prussian troops into advantageous positions on the battlefield.
Peace of Prague
Treaty ending the Austro-Prussian War. Austria surrender control of the German-speaking territories of Hanover, Frankfurt, and Saxony to Prussia in this treaty.
Prussian war with France to add the German-speaking territories of of Alsace and Lorraine to the Prussian Empire.
Battle of Sedan
The climatcic battle of the Franco-Prussian War on September 2, 1870.
Treaty of Frankfurt
Treaty ending the Franco-Prussian War. France surrender control of the German-speaking territories of Alsace and Lorraine to Prussia in this treaty.
After defeating France in the Franco-Prussian War, Kaiser Wilhelm I was crowned Emperor of the new nation of Germany in France's Palace of Versailles on January 18, 1871 -
True / False
(Crowning Ceremony of 1871)
The Franco-Prussian War and the Crowning Ceremony in the Palace of Versailles created extreme hatred between France and Germany.
This Franco-German hate would eventually help cause World War I and World II.
Bismarck's program to convert Germans from Catholicism to Lutheranism.
Bismarck wanted Germans to be Lutheran b/c the founder of Lutheranism, Martin Luther, was German.
May Laws of 1873-75
As part of Bismarck's Kulturkampf program, Bismarck seized closed Catholic monasteries and seized all Catholic Church property in Germany.
Pulpit Laws of 1875
As part of Bismarck's Kulturkampf program, Bismarck arrested and imprisoned any religious leader who publicly criticized the government.
Bismarck's programs for poor Germans
Bismarck created these programs to win the political support of the poorest Germans:
national healthcare (1883)
accident insurance for factory workers (1884)
retirement pensions for factory workers (1889)
Kameron, Nambia, Tanzania, and Togolese Republic
Germany's African colonies
Kaiser Wilhelm II
Kaiser of Prussia who fired Otto von Bismarck & led Germany into World War I.
"Wilhelm" is the German spelling of the name "William"
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