Chapter 3
a. The Pilgrims first fled to Holland, but wanted their children to stay English.
b. The Pilgrims turned towards America to settle and flee religious persecution.
c. They faced many hardships, that first winter, those who survived saw a plentiful harvest the next year.
d. It never was important economically.
Bay Colony
a. Was founded by a non-separatist Puritan group.
b. Massachusetts became the place for Puritan refugees.
c. Religious leaders held enormous influence.
d. Had the protestant work ethic
e. Enjoyed simple pleasures
f. Also had strict laws
g. Challenges to the Puritan orthodoxy
h. Trials took place
Rhode Island
a. Had complete religious toleration to all religions
b. Settlement dotted Rhode Island
c. Was the most liberal
d. Was made up of exiles.
New England spreads
a. As settlements grew they spread out
b. New areas were colonized
c. New Hampshire was founded
Puritans vs Indians
a. The spread of English settlement led to clashes with the Indians
b. A disease had swept through the Indian clans before the settlers
c. There was peaceful relations but as more people arrives the peaceful relations were ruptured
d. English Puritans attempted to convert some Indians to Christianity, though it was not very large or powerful.
e. There was mass destruction and death.
Colonial Unity
a. Four colonies joined together to form the New England Confederation
b. Each member colony, despite size was given two votes.
c. Was Puritan
d. Charles II took an aggressive hand in management of the colonies.
First American Revolution
a. Andros was hostile, and he laid heavy restrictions on almost everything.
b. He taxed without consent
c. The people used the Glorious Revolution as a way to get rid of Andros.
d. There was a spread of challenging royal authority throughout the colonies
New Netherlands
a. The seventeenth century was the golden age for the Dutch
b. The Dutch East India company sent Henry Hudson to sail northeast, he ended up going into the Delaware Bay and New York Bay, and then up the Hudson river
c. The Dutch also had areas in the Caribbean, Brazil and Africa.
d. New Amsterdam, which later became New York City, was a company town.
e. Was aristocratic
New York
a. The Dutch days were numbered
b. Charles II gave the area to his brother the Duke of York
c. A large English squadron appeared and the Dutch surrendered without firing a shot.
a. Quakers were the majority in Pennsylvania
b. Founded by William Penn who was attracted to the Quaker faith at sixteen.
c. The city of brotherly love, Philadelphia was carefully planned
d. The Quakers treated the Natives fairly
e. There were no restrictions of immigration
Middle Colonies
a. All shared common features
b. Soil was fertile
c. Rivers played a vital role of transportation
d. Abounded forests
e. The population was ethnically mixed
f. There was religious toleration, democratic control and very little slavery if any.