Terms in this set (54)
Pick up notes
Lines used to group flag notes (Ex. 16th)
The simultaneous sounding of two or more pitches
A semitone notated using the same letter name with the addition of a chromatic sign; e.g. F - F♯.
Any scale consisting of seven different pitch letter names and containing five whole steps and two half steps.
The fifth degree of a major or minor scale. The chord built on the fifth
degree of a scale.
(♭) Chromatic sign used to lower the pitch of a note one half step.
Harmonic minor scale
A systematic organization of the pitches used in minor key music for the purpose of study. A natural minor scale with the seventh scale degree raised one half step.
An interval that has had one note transposed an octave. A triad/chord that has been restructured such that a component other than the root is the lowest sounding pitch.
Terms used to describe intervals of the 2nd, 3rd, 6th and 7th; the quality of triads/chords and scales/keys.
Melodic Minor scale
A systematic organization of the pitches used in minor key music for the purpose of study. A natural minor scale with the sixth and seventh scale degrees raised one half step ascending and lowered descending.
Natural minor scale
A scale with a whole step/half step pattern of w-h-w-w-h-w-
w. Identical to Aeolian church mode.
A melodic unit consisting of several measures ending with a cadence point.
The organization of the components of a triad/chord such that the root is the lowest sounding pitch.
The fourth degree of a major or minor scale. The chord built on the fourth degree of a scale.
The second degree of a major or minor scale. The chord built on the second degree of a scale.
The first degree of a scale. The chord built on this scale degree. The central
pitch in a piece of tonal music.
(𝄞) Also called the G clef. Designates the position of G above middle c on the second line.
One of the medieval church modes with a whole step/half step pattern of w-h-w-w-h-w-w. Identical to a natural minor scale.
(𝄢) Also called the F clef. Designates the position of f below middle c on
the fourth line.
Sharps (♯), flats (♭) and naturals (♮) added to diatonic notes to indicate pitches that lie outside of a key.
A meter whose primary pulse first subdivides into groups of three.
A semitone notated using two different adjacent letter names; e.g. E - F or F - G♭.
A meter that consists of two primary pulses per measure.
Two half steps
A musical texture that has one prominent melodic entity supported
by an underlying harmonic accompaniment. The opposite of polyphony.
One of the medieval church modes with a whole step/half step
pattern of w-w-h-w-w-w-h. Identical to a major scale.
The third degree of a scale. The chord built on the third degree of a scale.
The organization of the rhythmic component of music into reoccurring
A non-chord tone generally approached by step and resolved by
step in the opposite direction. It is adjacent to a chord tone.
Scales that share the same notes/key signature but have different tonic pitches.
(♯) Chromatic sign used to raise the pitch of a note one half step.
The sixth degree of a major or minor scale. The chord built on the sixth degree of a scale.
A non-chord tone occurring in a metrically strong position resolving down (generally) to become a chord tone. Moving from dissonance to consonance
A meter that consists of three primary pulses per measure.
Chromatic sign used to lower the pitch of a note two half steps
A perfect or major interval that is increased in size by one half step. A triad consisting of a major third and an augmented fifth.
A point of rest in music. Generally at the end of a phrase.
Circle of fifths
A circular arrangement of keys in the order of ascending fifths (clockwise) and descending fifths (counter-clockwise). In clockwise direction each successive key signature increases by one sharp. In counter-clockwise direction each successive key signature increases by one flat.
A musical texture made up of two or more independent lines sounding simultaneously. Prominent in the Baroque era. The opposite of homophony.
A perfect or minor interval that is decreased in size by one half step. A triad consisting of a minor third and a diminished fifth.
Notes that are the same pitch but have different letter names; e.g. F♯ and G♭ or B♯ and C.
The simultaneous sounding of two different pitches.
The measured distance between two notes.
The seventh degree of the scale that lies one half step below tonic. The chord built on this scale degree.
An interval that has the pitches sounded one after the other.
Chromatic sign used to cancel a previously sharped or flatted note either in the context of the music or the key signature.
A non-chord tone generally approached by step and resolved by step in the same direction. It lies between two chord tones.
Scales that share the same tonic pitch but are of different modes and therefore have different key signatures.
A meter whose primary pulse first subdivides into groups of two.
The seventh degree of the scale that lies one whole step below tonic. The chord built on this scale degree.
Music with a phrase structure of A-B-A.
A three-note chord built from thirds.
Chromatic sign used to raise the pitch of a note two half steps.
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