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9 terms

HIV

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Human Immunodeficency Virus (HIV)
Patients die of diseases that occur from immune deficiencies resulting from exposure to HIV virus.
Wasting diseases
rapid loss of body weight and body nutrition.
Transmission of Virus
blood and blood products, semen and vaginal secretions from infected mother to her infant in utero or during delivery
Suppresses
the immune system which eventually leaves the body open to many infections.
Tuberculosis (TB)
caused by a bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis, TB is not highly contagious. Detection is done through skin test and chest x-ray.
Transmission of TB
usually involves repeated inhalation of contaminated droplets; it then multiplies within the infected person. Can also be contracted by handling infected tissue.
Sterilization
process by which all forms of microorganisms are destroyed, including viruses, bacteria, fungi, and spores.
Disinfection
process by which it destroys virtually all recognized pathogenic microorganisms, but not necessarily all microbial forms.
Sanitization
process of cleaning furnishings that are not directly associated with dental treatment.