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ART 1 - Exam 1- Ch. 1
Terms in this set (38)
Because glaciers retreated gradually, the dates vary for the the transition from Paleolithic to Neolithic vary with geography
Whenever image-making began in any area of Europe or Africa, in all cases it is associated with the arrival of:
The enclosure of space with some aesthetic intent
The Lion-Human figure is unique because it shows:
Highly complex thinking and creative imagination
It was important and very helpful for early scholars to give names to objects because no matter what objects were labeled, it was a good way to exactly interpret what the objects meant
Briefly tell what's wrong with this: "The Venus of Willendorf"
The people then had no concept of a goddess, let alone a goddess from Rome or Roman religious belief
The Woman from Brassempouy is an abstraction because:
It is a generalized "memory image", Shapes are recognizable by reduced, It's not an exact replication of nature
The discovery of the painted cave in Altamira was enthusiastically greeted by the scholars of the academic community b/c they admired how well the painted animals were done
The Painters of the Paleolithic caves may have been motivated by all except which of these?
For the sheer love of beauty
So far, the earliest known cave paintings can be found at the site of:
Parts of the painted lines of the cave animals may have been done by spitting the paint onto the wall
Handprints on the cave walls Peche Merle were graffiti
Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of painted animals in Prehistoric caves like Lascaux?
Depicted images of humans similar to treatment of animals
What is a shaman?
Someone thought to have special powers, contacted spirits, left their bodies in trance, used spirit guides
Evidence suggests group rites took place in areas of caves that contained paintings and sculptures
The change from Paleolithic to Mesolithic was abrupt and people must have known it was occurring
Characteristics of art from the Mesolithic period include all but which one?
Continued emphasis on beautifully drawn animals in abstracted naturalism
Neolithic architecture became large structures with multiple uses
Wattle and daub
Branches woven into a basket-like pattern
Plant material tied over a framework of poles
Post and Lintel
Two uprights supporting a horizontal element
Layers of stone have each row projecting beyond the one beneath
A long horizontal beam against which roof poles were braced
Which of the following is the best method of dating materials no more than 30,000 to 40,000 yrs old?
Skara Brae houses are constructed using:
The simplest type of megalithic tomb was the ? built using the ? principle
Dolmen...Post and lintel
Newgrange is a passage grave
Which of the following would NOT have been found at Stonehenge?
Tell two reasons why the meaning of the Cernadova figures of a woman and man remains hidden from us:
1. We don't know how they were intended to be displayed 2. we don't know if they were made at the same time
The term for object made of baked clay is:
Which is the best reason we have why the people in Europe didn't produce pottery vessels earlier than they did?
Compared to gourds, wood, woven baskets, pottery was heavy and fragile
By the year ? BCE, metals made their appearance in Europe, but was known as early as ? BCE
Two important ways in which the introduction of bronze changed the people of Europe include the dominance of a strong elite and:
Describe how the Horse and Sun chariot may have been used
Rolled from place to place in a virtual reenactment of the sun's passage across the sky
Why did the artist choose the lines he did to decorate the sun shape in the Horse and Sun chariot?
Curvilinear lines suggest the sun's movement
By 1000 BCE, iron technology was known and used for practical items b/c it was cheaper and more readily available
True, but it rusted
List the hierarchy of metals beginning with the one most prized:
gold, silver, bronze, iron
When we refer to a people as proto-historic, we mean they:
Didn't leave written records, Were written about by others
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