100 terms

5th Grade EOG, Language Arts Terms

North Carolina 5th Grade EOG Terms, Langauge Arts
STUDY
PLAY
Fiction
A story that is not true, made up
Non-Fiction
A selection that is true or factual.
Narrative
Another name for a story
Drama
Another word for a play
Poetry
A text with stanzas, lines, and rhyming words; a poem
Memoirs
A kind of writing that tells someone's memories
Summary
A retelling of the most important parts of what was read.
Recipe
Directions for cooking something
Biography
A story about someone's life
Autobiography
When the author tells his own life story.
Fantasy
Stories that have elements in them that could not really happen
Folk Tales
Fiction stories that are based on legends.
Fairy Tales
Stories that involve unrealistic characters like fairies, and usually have a happy ending.
Myths / Legends
A story passed down from generations that explain historical events.
Diaries / Journals
A record of daily events.
Ingredients
The parts that you add to the recipe when cooking.
Utensils
Tools used in cooking (Ex/ Spoon)
Bake
To Cook
Poet
Author or writer of a poem
Speaker
A person who reads the poem out loud
Stanza
A group of lines that make up a paragraph in a poem.
Numbered Line
A line of words in a poem with a number in the front
Poem
A piece of writing set out in short lines, often with a noticeable rythem and some words that rhyme.
Plays
A type of writing that is meant to be acted out
Skits
Smaller plays
Monologue
A skit put on by one person
Narrator
The person telling the story
Scene
A smaller section of the play
Act
A larger division of the play (like a chapter)
Cast of Characters
The people or animals in the play.
Stage Directions
Directions that tell the actors where to go on stage, talk and show emotion to the audience
Props
Items used to make the play more realistic
Dictionary
An information aid that lists words in alphabetical order and includes the definition, spelling, parts of speech.
Thesaurus
An information aid that helps you find the synonym for a word
Atlas
A book that contains maps
Exaggeration
To stretch the truth with information or facts that are not true
Personification
When the author gives objects or natural forces human characteristics and feelingsm ex. The trees danced in the breeze.
Simile
When you use the words "like" or "as" to compare unlike things. I am as hungry as a horse.
Metaphor
When you compare unlike things without using the words "like" or "as"
ex. The ocean is a flat rock. or Her eyes are sky blue.
Alliteration
Repeating the same sound(s) in a series of words. ex. Monster Mouth Myers
Cause
What makes something happen
Effect
What happens as a result of a cause
Significance
A part of the story that is important
Impact
A dramatic or large effect on the story
Main Idea
What the story is mainly about
Purpose
Why the author wrote the passage
Opinion
How a person feels about something
Mood
How the story makes the reader feel
Tone
How the author feels
Characteristics
Traits that the character has, Ex. brave
Fact
A statement that is true
Details
Sentences that support the main idea that tells who, what, when, where, and why
Influence
The effect a situation or character has on another character or situation
Information
Communication of knowledge
To Entertain
Humor the reader (Funny)
To Inform
To give information or facts to the reader
To Persuade
To get the reader to buy or do something
Prediction
Something you think will happen
Compare
Tell how things are alike
Sequence
The order in which things happen
Inference or infer
A special kind of guess or opinion based on facts or information gained from what was read
Characters
The people or animals in the story
Plot
Part of the story that tells what happens
Conflict
Part of the plot, also known as the problem
Resolution
When the problem in the story is fixed / solution
Setting
Where and when the story takes place
Synonym
Words that have the same meaning. ex. huge - big
Antonym
Words that have the opposite meaning ex. little - gigantic
Multiple-Meaning Words
Words that are spelled the same, but have different meanings. Do you see the ship on the ocean? or Did you ship the package to your mother?
Prefix
The word part before the root word. ex. un, pre, post, re, dis,sub ... (pretest, posttest, retest, disallow) can sometimes change the meaning to the opposite (done - undone - redone)
Suffix
An ending added to a root word that changes the meaning or tense. ex. s, es, ed, ing, ous,ly, ness, ful, less ... (use - useful - useless)
Point of View
Some stories are written in the 1st person and use the word I. Others are written in the 3rd person and use the words: he, she...
Context Clues
When you use the words or sentences around the word to find meaning .
Generalization
When you make a statement based on facts or information found in what you have read or know
Theme
The message the author wants to deliver
Flashback
When the author suddenly interrupts the flow of the story to jump back to earlier events
Stereotype
An opinion that describes an entire group of people
Propaganda
The facts, ideas, or claims used to persuade people to support a particular opinion or course of action. ex. advertising, sloggans...
Foreshadowing
Gives the reader information or an idea about something that is going to happen later in the story
Hyperbole
To exaggerate ex. The sidewalk was so hot you could fry an egg on it.
Onomatopoeia
Writing words for sounds. ex. moo, bang,boom, meow, woof, crash ...
Flow Chart
A step by step change of data or information over time
Index
Located at the back of a textbook and lists each section or topic found in the book with its page number
Table of Contents
Located in front of a book that lists units, chapters, stories or sections in the order that they appear in the book.
Glossary
A small dictionary in the back of the book.
Bold Print
Words that are usually written darker than others
Subheading
Introduces the main idea of the section that follows
Subtitles
Usually the second title of an article
Italics
Words that are written with slanting letters. Usually information in italics is important when answering questions
Parenthesis
One or both of the curved markes ( ) used in writing
Graphic Organizers
A diagram used to help organize information from a selection
Heading
Tells what the article is about
Foot Notes
Information given at the bottom of a selection to help the reader understand words or terms.
Timeline
A sequence of events or a person or place in time
Diagram
A picture to help with the understanding of information
Contrast
Tell how things are different
Text features
Things such as headings, bulleted lists, and graphics that help a reader find and understand important information
Supporting details
Facts and ideas that prove or explain the main idea of a paragraph.
encyclopedia
a reference book (often in several volumes) containing articles on various topics (often arranged in alphabetical order) dealing with the entire range of human knowledge or with some particular specialty
almanac
a book printed yearly that includes weather forecasts and other miscellaneous information arranged according to the calendar of a given year