A text with stanzas, lines, and rhyming words; a poem
A kind of writing that tells someone's memories
A retelling of the most important parts of what was read.
Directions for cooking something
A story about someone's life
When the author tells his own life story.
Stories that have elements in them that could not really happen
Fiction stories that are based on legends.
Stories that involve unrealistic characters like fairies, and usually have a happy ending.
Myths / Legends
A story passed down from generations that explain historical events.
Diaries / Journals
A record of daily events.
The parts that you add to the recipe when cooking.
Tools used in cooking (Ex/ Spoon)
Author or writer of a poem
A person who reads the poem out loud
A group of lines that make up a paragraph in a poem.
A line of words in a poem with a number in the front
A piece of writing set out in short lines, often with a noticeable rythem and some words that rhyme.
A type of writing that is meant to be acted out
A skit put on by one person
The person telling the story
A smaller section of the play
A larger division of the play (like a chapter)
Cast of Characters
The people or animals in the play.
Directions that tell the actors where to go on stage, talk and show emotion to the audience
Items used to make the play more realistic
An information aid that lists words in alphabetical order and includes the definition, spelling, parts of speech.
An information aid that helps you find the synonym for a word
A book that contains maps
To stretch the truth with information or facts that are not true
When the author gives objects or natural forces human characteristics and feelingsm ex. The trees danced in the breeze.
When you use the words "like" or "as" to compare unlike things. I am as hungry as a horse.
When you compare unlike things without using the words "like" or "as" ex. The ocean is a flat rock. or Her eyes are sky blue.
Repeating the same sound(s) in a series of words. ex. Monster Mouth Myers
What makes something happen
What happens as a result of a cause
A part of the story that is important
A dramatic or large effect on the story
What the story is mainly about
Why the author wrote the passage
How a person feels about something
How the story makes the reader feel
How the author feels
Traits that the character has, Ex. brave
A statement that is true
Sentences that support the main idea that tells who, what, when, where, and why
The effect a situation or character has on another character or situation
Communication of knowledge
Humor the reader (Funny)
To give information or facts to the reader
To get the reader to buy or do something
Something you think will happen
Tell how things are alike
The order in which things happen
Inference or infer
A special kind of guess or opinion based on facts or information gained from what was read
The people or animals in the story
Part of the story that tells what happens
Part of the plot, also known as the problem
When the problem in the story is fixed / solution
Where and when the story takes place
Words that have the same meaning. ex. huge - big
Words that have the opposite meaning ex. little - gigantic
Words that are spelled the same, but have different meanings. Do you see the ship on the ocean? or Did you ship the package to your mother?
The word part before the root word. ex. un, pre, post, re, dis,sub ... (pretest, posttest, retest, disallow) can sometimes change the meaning to the opposite (done - undone - redone)
An ending added to a root word that changes the meaning or tense. ex. s, es, ed, ing, ous,ly, ness, ful, less ... (use - useful - useless)
Point of View
Some stories are written in the 1st person and use the word I. Others are written in the 3rd person and use the words: he, she...
When you use the words or sentences around the word to find meaning .
When you make a statement based on facts or information found in what you have read or know
The message the author wants to deliver
When the author suddenly interrupts the flow of the story to jump back to earlier events
An opinion that describes an entire group of people
The facts, ideas, or claims used to persuade people to support a particular opinion or course of action. ex. advertising, sloggans...
Gives the reader information or an idea about something that is going to happen later in the story
To exaggerate ex. The sidewalk was so hot you could fry an egg on it.
Writing words for sounds. ex. moo, bang,boom, meow, woof, crash ...
A step by step change of data or information over time
Located at the back of a textbook and lists each section or topic found in the book with its page number
Table of Contents
Located in front of a book that lists units, chapters, stories or sections in the order that they appear in the book.
A small dictionary in the back of the book.
Words that are usually written darker than others
Introduces the main idea of the section that follows
Usually the second title of an article
Words that are written with slanting letters. Usually information in italics is important when answering questions
One or both of the curved markes ( ) used in writing
A diagram used to help organize information from a selection
Tells what the article is about
Information given at the bottom of a selection to help the reader understand words or terms.
A sequence of events or a person or place in time
A picture to help with the understanding of information
Tell how things are different
Things such as headings, bulleted lists, and graphics that help a reader find and understand important information
Facts and ideas that prove or explain the main idea of a paragraph.
a reference book (often in several volumes) containing articles on various topics (often arranged in alphabetical order) dealing with the entire range of human knowledge or with some particular specialty
a book printed yearly that includes weather forecasts and other miscellaneous information arranged according to the calendar of a given year