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Tenderfoot BSA Study Info
Tenderfoot BSA requirements study information, material from 2010 BSA Handbook, see handbook for complete and official information. Study help purposes only.
Terms in this set (64)
Why is it important for each patrol member to share in meal prep and cleanup?
IF everyone does their part, work is finished quickly.
Why is it important for scout patrols to eat together?
"Time to enjoy good food and fellowship of scouting. Special moment. Way to give thanks and express gratitude.
How do you clean up after a meal?
"Put on a pot of water on the fire before you serve a meal. Begin by setting up 3 pots. Each scout washes his own gear. Use hotpot tongs for hot water. Lay clean gear on clean plastic sheet or mesh hammock to dry.
What are the 3 pots used for in cleaning up after a meal and what do you do with each one?
"Wash pot: hot water with a few drops of biodegradable soap. Hot rinse pot: Clear, hot water. Cold rinse pot: cold water with sanitizing tablet or few drops of bleach to kill bacteria"
How do you whip the end of a rope?
Cut away any unraveled rope. Form a loop with string. Tightly wrap/whip the string till at least wide as rope. Tuck end through loop and pull. Trim and whip other end.
Define whipping a rope.
Securing the loose ends of a rope to keep them from unraveling.
How do you fuse a rope?
Cut the frayed ends.In a well ventilated area, hold the rope end a few inches away from a match or candle.Don't touch! until cooled.
What types of rope can be whipped? Fused?
"Whip: Sisal, manila, hemp: natural fibers Fuse: rope or cord made with nylon or plastic."
What is a "half hitch" knot?
A knot that ties a rope to something.
What causes the half-hitch to work?
Friction caused by the wraps of rope hold the hitch in place.
Tell how a "two half-hitches" knot is tied.
Pass the end of the rope around the post.Bring the end over and under the body of the rope (the standing part) then back through the loop formed=half hitch.Take the end around the standing part a second time and tie another half hitch. Pull it snug
What is a two half hitches knot used for?
Forms a loop that can be adjusted to make it smaller or larger.
Give another name for a two-half hitch knot
Double half hitch
What is a taut-line hitch used for?
Used to make a line tight or taut. Stakes out the guy lines of the tent or dining fly.
Tell how to tie a taut line hitch.
"Pass line around tent stake (or hole). Bring the end under and over the standing part of the line to form a loop, then twice through the loop. Again, bring the rope end under, over, and through the loop but further up the standing part. Work any slack out of the knot. Slide the hitch to tighten or loosen the line."
Explain the general rules for day or night hiking safety.
Always watch where you place your feet to avoid slipping or twisting an ankle.Use bridges to cross streams. Only wade through water if there is not other way to go and if the water is shallow. Release the hip belt of the backpack before crossing a stream.Dangerous area? make a detour or go back the way you came in. You are hiking at night near a road. What should you do to make drivers aware of your presence? Wear light colored clothes.Wear reflective ribbon or white cloth around your right arm and leg.Carry a flashlight.
Explain the rules of safe hiking on the highway.
Stay in a single file next to the highway or road without a sidewalk.Stay on the left side, facing traffic.If you have to walk along a road at night, wear light colored and/or reflective clothing. Use a flashlight.Never hitchhike.
Explain the rules of safe hiking in cross country.
"Before leaving for the hike, decide if leaving the trail is a good idea. Make a hiking plan. Stay on pathways. Use the buddy system. Avoid walking on vegetation. Try to stay on bare ground, rocks, snow whenever you can. Watch where you put your hands. Use a map and compass or GPS receiver."
The best way not to get lost is to......
know where you are at all times!
Before you leave home for a hike, you should:
Mark the course of your hike on map and study the map.
What do you do if you are lost?
"S.T.O.P. Stay calm . Think . Observe . Plan
Explain the "S" in S.T.O.P.
"Stay calm. Sit down, have some water and eat something. If cold, put on a sweater. Breathe slowly and relax."
Explain the "T" in S.T.O.P.
"Think. Try to remember how you go where you are. If you have a map, open it and see what you can learn from the symbols and contour lines."
Tell what the "O" in S.T.O.P. means.
"Observe. Look for your footprints. Notice any landmarks for clues. Listen for other scouts."
Explain the "P" in S.T.O.P.
"Plan. If you know how to get back, do so carefully. Use a compass and clearly mark your way with broken branches, piles of stones, anything else. If you don't know where to go, stay PUT. Use signals of three."
What could you use to signal searches? How many times should you repeat the signal?
"Three... shouts, whistles, stones. Smoky fire in daytime. Spread gear out."
Tell how to display the US flag.
"On a staff: at meetings, parades, and other ceremonies or patriotic events. In an auditorium or church: on a staff to the right of the speaker as he faces the audience. Against a wall: vertical or horizontal, blue field at the top and to the flag's own right. Over a street: vertically with blue field to the north on an east-west street or east on a north-south street."
Tell how to raise (hoist) the US flag.
"Flagpole: hold the folded flag to keep it from touching the ground. Second person: attaches the flag to the flag line (halyard) then briskly raise flag, keeping line tight. Once flying, step back and salute as the other person ties the halyard to the flagpole."
Tell how to lower the US flag.
"Loosen halyard from pole and slowly lower flag. Second person salutes until the flag is within reach and then gathers the flag in his arms. Remove the flag from the halyard and tie the the halyard to the pole."
Tell how to fold the US flag.
"Hold the flag at waist level with another person holding the other end. Fold the flag long ways in half, then in half again.Keep the blue field on the outside. Hold the blue field end while the other person makes a triangle fold and continues till only blue is visible."
Repeat the Scout Oath and explain it in your own words.
On my honor I will do my best,To do my duty to God and my country and to obey the Scout Law;To help other people at all times;to keep myself physically strong,mentally awake, and morally straight.
Repeat the Scout Law and explain it in your own words.
Trustworthy, loyal, helpful, friendly, courteous, kind, obedient, cheerful, thrifty, brave, clean, reverent
What is the Scout Motto and explain it in your own words.
What is the Scout Slogan and explain it in your own words
Do a good turn daily.
What is your patrol name?
(i.e. Killer Rabbits)
Give the patrol yell.
Describe your patrol flag.
Explain the importance of the buddy system as it relates to personal safety on outings and in your neighborhood.
Helps ensure everyone's safety. Your buddy can watch out for you during a campout and by checking in.Easier to keep track of many scouts in a group.Never go places alone where strangers may be.
Describe what a bully is and how you should respond to one.
"A bully is someone who treats people who are younger, smaller, or less able in an unkind way. Bullying can be physical or verbal. Lead by example and stand up for others who are being hurt. When dealing with a bully, use the scout oath and law in dealing with them.Talk to a trusted adult, teacher, or parent about the situation. "
Identify local poisonous plants and tell how to treat for exposure to them.
"Poison ivy, Poison oak, Poison sumac = wash immediately with soap and water. Rubbing alcohol, calamine lotion for itching. Don't scratch. If reaction is severe or if eaten/swallowed-seek medical attention.Arrowhead plant & Pothos (indoor)= burning, itching, slurred speech, call poison control Oleander & Lily of the Valley (outside)=nausea, vomiting to seizures; call poison control Poinsettia & American holly=skin irritation, if eaten could cause vomiting, call poison control; Wild mushrooms: vomiting to death, call poison control"
What is first aid for simple cuts and scrapes?
Bacteria can enter through skin opening and cause infection.Wash with soap and water. Apply triple antibiotic cream.Cover with a dry sterile dressing or adhesive bandage to prevent infection and protect wound.Clean and rebandage each day.
How should you care for blisters on the hand and foot?
"Prevent blisters by wearing shoes that fit and are broken in. Change socks if sweaty or wet, wear gloves when working.Don't pop it! This increases the chance of infection.While hiking? Apply a piece of moleskin cut slightly larger than blistered area. Use several layers if necessary. This relieves pressure off blister."
Explain how you treat minor burns or scalds. What is a minor burn or scald also known as?
Hold injured area under cold water or apply cool, wet compresses until there is little or no pain.Superficial burn or first degree burn.
What is considered a serious burn and what general steps do you take to treat?
"Second and third degree burns; can be life threatening. Step 1: take a moment to size up the situation and then decide what to do. Step 2: approach with care as to not become a burn victim yourself. Step 3: If victim must be moved from heat do so only if you are not at risk. Step 4: Treat hurry cases of stopped breathing or heartbeat and severe bleeding. Keep the airway open then treat the burn. Step 5: Get immediate help if: the burns cause trouble breathing, injured airway, affect head, neck, feet, groin, are third degree, or from chemicals, explosions, electricity."
What is another name for a second degree burn?
Serious or partial thickness burn.
What is the sign of a second degree burn?
What are the signs of a third degree burn?
Skin may be burned away, flesh blackened, may have no feeling due to nerve damage.
What is another name for a third degree burn?
full thickness burn
Explain how to treat a second degree burn.
"Place the injured area in cool water or apply wet cloths till pain goes away. Allow the area to dry, then protect it with a sterile gauze pad. Don't break blisters! They can become infected. Don't apply butter, creams, ointments, or sprays. They are difficult to remove during healing."
Explain how to treat a third degree burn.
"Do not remove clothing, it may stick to flesh. Call 911 and ask for assistance. Don't apply creams, ointments, sprays. Wrap a clean cloth around injury. Treat victim for shock until emergency help arrives."
Tell how to treat a tick bite.
"To remove: put on non-latex first aid gloves, use tweezers to grasp the tick close to the skin, gently pull till tick comes loose.Don't squeeze, twist or jerk the tick. Doing so may cause mouthparts to break off in skin.Wash the wound with soap and water.Apply antiseptic.Wash your hands after dealing with a tick."
Why can a tick bite be dangerous?
Ticks can spread Lyme's disease or Rocky Mountain spotted fever.
What are serious signs that can occur after a tick bite? How do you treat this?
Rash or flu like symptoms or otherwise ill in the next days or weeks after being bitten by a tick.Talk to your doctor.
Rash or flu like symptoms or otherwise ill in the next days or weeks after being bitten by a tick.Talk to your doctor.
A chigger is an almost invisible bug that burrows into skin pores. It causes itching and small bumps on the skin.Cover bite with calamine lotion or dab with clear fingernail polish.
What is the first aid treatment for spider bites?
See a doctor immediately, especially if difficulty breathing or severe pain/sickness/cramping.
What can a black widow spider bite cause?
Redness, sharp pain at the site. May have sweating, nausea, vomiting, stomach pains and cramps, severe muscle pain and spasms, shock, and difficulty breathing.
What can occur if bitten by a brown recluse spider?
May not hurt right away, but 2-8 hrs later there may be pain, redness, swelling at the wound. An open sore is likely to form. The victim may have fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, joint pain, faint rash. see doctor.
Tell how to treat a bee or hornet sting.
"Remove the stinger by scraping it out with the side of a knife blade. Don't squeeze the stinger because that can force venom into the victim. Apply an ice pack to reduce pain and swelling.If there is difficulty breathing, treat for anaphylactic shock. Call 911. Use epi kit if necessary."
What are the poisonous snakes in North America?
"Pit vipers (rattlesnakes, copperheads, cottonmouths) Coral snakes (black with red and yellow bands)"
What is the first aid treatment for a venomous snakebite?
"1. Remove rings and jewelry before swelling starts. 2. Get victim to doctor asap. Carry if needed. 3. If the victim has to wait, wash the wound. For coral snake bite, wrap snugly but comfortable with ace bandage. 4. Have victim lie down with bitten limb lower than the rest of the body. Keep them calm, assure them."
Your friend has a nosebleed. Tell what you should do to help.
Have person sit and lean forward, so blood doesn't run down inside throat.Ask person to pinch nose firmly but gently and apply pressure on upper lip, just below the nose.Hold cold compress against the nose. After 10 mins, ask person to slowly release nose pinch and see if bleeding has stopped. If not, repeat.
You are on a camping trip and the weather drops below freezing. Your scout buddy has been exposed to cold temperatures for quite a while.What are the signs of frostbite?
Ears, nose, fingers, or feet hurt or become numb. May not have any signs. Grayish white patches on skin are warning that ice crystals are beginning to form.
How is frostbite treated?
"Move the victim to shelter. Ear or cheek? Remove glove and warm the area with your hand. Hand or toes? slip under clothing against warm skin. Place dry sterile gauze between fingers or toes and apply loose bandage. Severe? Get person into dry clothing, wrap in blanket, get to doctor asap.Do not rub frostbitten area with hands or snow."
Your scout patrol has spent the day hiking in 90 degree sunshine and one of the leaders has a sunburn. How will you help treat the sunburn?
Prevent with sunscreen and protective clothing. Treat by applying cool, damp cloths and protect skin from further exposure.