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Terms in this set (134)
Combining forms can also be used as suffixes.
If you had an itchy rash that wouldn't go away, you would want to see an oncologist.
The correct prefix to indicate the color red is xantho-.
The term megalocardia means "the heart is enlarged."
The term growth is often used to describe abnormal cells because it is a very specific medical term.
The mucous membranes secrete mucosa.
The medical term for protrusion of the spinal cord and meninges is myelocele.
To refer to inflammation of the tendons, it is acceptable to use either tendinitis or tendonitis.
A respiration rate of 14 to 20 breaths per minute is considered normal for an infant.
The sneezing that people experience before a common cold is called a syndrome of the common cold.
The prefix poly- means "lack of."
The word that means "inflammation of the urethra and bladder" is urethrovaginitis.
If your patient had surgery that made a new opening into the colon, this is called a colocentesis.
Both gastr/o and stomat/o can be used when creating medical terms that relate to the stomach.
The suffix -rrhexis means rupture.
If a patient had a ruptured uterus, this can be recorded as metrorrhexis or hysterorrhexis.
The term euthanasia refers to using various means to sustain life.
Your 15-year-old patient began menstruating at age 12. During the past year she began long-distance running and tells you that she has not had her period in about 6 months. This should be recorded as menopause.
An abirritant is a substance that increases irritation.
When a woman's breasts are of unequal size, this is referred to as mastectomy.
The term episplenitis means "an inflammation of the tissue under the spleen."
Ultraviolet light is light beyond the violet light frequency.
The prefix semi- is used more often with medical terminology than is its synonym hemi-.
Intercranial means "within the cranium."
The combining form chir/o means "spine."
If your patient has orthopnea, it will help him or her breathe if you elevate the head of the bed.
The metacarpal bones are located in the hand, between the wrist and finger bones.
The combining form humer/o refers to the bones of the lower arm.
The term phor(ia) means "to be happy."
A tumor of the nail or nail bed is called onychomycosis.
The words affix and fixation have fix as their:
The word part that is placed in front of a word root to change its meaning is a _________.
The combining form/prefix used to indicate the color blue is:
If a blood vessel is patent, this means it is:
Abnormal skin conditions such as abscesses, vesicles, and macules are described using which term?
A lymphosarcoma is:
a malignant lymphatic tumor
A medical specialist who treats fractures is called an:
A person bitten by a stray dog may need to be concerned about:
Bacteria that grow in clusters are called:
MRSA is an especially dangerous bacterium because it causes infections that:
are resistant to many antibiotics
The combining form spermat/o is derived from the Greek word for:
Excision of the ovary is called:
In which part of the intestines are stomach contents mixed with bile and enzymes?
Patients would visit a bariatrics clinic for help with which type of condition?
Epilepsy is a condition that is characterized by:
Inflammation of a vein with the formation of a blood clot is called
The medical term for "shortness of breath" is:
The endoderm gives rise to the:
stomach and intestine
An abnormal fear of fire is:
An inflammation of sweat glands is called:
What is the meaning of syndactylism?
joined fingers or toes
An individual who does not generally conform to gender-based expectations is described as:
Placing drops into a patient's eye is called:
The term for "after meals" is:
The combining form for diaphragm is
Which of the following groups of words shows the correct order of the respiratory structures through which air flows after entering the nose or mouth?
pharynx, trachea, bronchi, lungs, alveoli
The term that means "resembling a condyle" is:
The iliac crest is located in which body system?
The plural of iris is:
Infertility in a female may be due to a low level of _____.
pregnancy and childbirth
bones and muscles
female reproductive system
diseases and causes
glands of internal secretion
manipulation therapy using the hands
Adding a vowel to a word root allows two or more word roots to form a ____________________ word.
The combining form dermat/o refers to the ____________________.
The combining form chemo is used to form the word chemotherapy because therapy begins with a ____________.
Dermato is the combining form for ________________.
The combining form for stomach is ____________________.
A physician specialist who studies and interprets X-rays is called a radiographer.
To refer to white blood cells, you would use the combining form/prefix chloro.
The adjective form of mania is manical.
The adjective form of the suffix -dynia (pain) is ____________________.
The abbreviation mm stands for ____________________.
An abnormal growth of cells or tumor on a gland is called an adenectomy.
The term melanoderma means "dark pigmentation of the skin."
A bone marrow germ cell is called a myeloblast.
A physician who specializes in prevention and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders is called an orthodontist.
The medical term used to describe a structure that wanders from the normal is abduction.
Another word for arms and legs is extremities.
Bacteria that produce pus are called ____________________.
A word that means "containing, consisting of, or producing pus" is ____________________.
The two adjectives used to pertain to heat are ____________________ and ____________________.
Tachycardia and bradycardia are two types of ____________________.
The presence of sugar in the urine is called ____________________.
The procedure in which the bladder is sutured to close a wound or defect is called a(n) ____________________.
After sperm cells are created in the seminiferous tubules of the testes, they mature in the ____________________ and then travel to the vas deferens
The surgical procedure used when the testicles fail to descend normally into the scrotum is called ____________________.
The medical term for making an incision into the lip is ____________________.
The presence of diverticula in the intestine is called diverticulitis.
The term that means "pertaining to the colon and rectum" is colorectal.
The study of medications that can treat mental illness is ____________________.
The plural form of thrombus is ____________________.
A vessel tumor is called a fibroma.
A tube that can be inserted into body cavities, ducts, and vessels for medical procedures is called a dilator.
The prefix dia- means "____________________."
An embryonic pigment cell is called a ____________________.
The suffix that refers to the substance of cells is ____________________.
A person who is happy or in a pleasant mood is said to have dysphoria.
An ____________________ vaccine is made from a bacteria culture from the patient's own body.
To perforate means "to ____________________."
A condition such as rheumatoid arthritis is an example of autophagia.
The prefix ab- means "away from."
Medical terms that begin with prefixes are often ____________________.
The desire for intimate emotional, sexual relationships, or both is known as ____________________.
Valium is an example of a ____________________ drug, which means it has an effect on the mind.
A tumor of a sympathetic nerve is called sympathectomy.
The combining form that means "bloody" is ____________________.
The verb for putting drops of medicine into the eye is to ____________________.
When blood seeps back through the aortic valves, aortic incompetence occurs.
To cut tissue into parts for purposes of study is to dissect it.
A baseball player who gets hit in the nose with a ball is likely to have a bloody nose, or __________.
A spasm of the larynx is called a(n) ____________________.
The two combining forms for foot are ____________________ and ____________________.
A medical professional who specializes in care of the feet is a podologist.
____________________. means "pertaining to the acromion and clavicle."
A person who has an abnormal fear of nighttime is said to have nyctophilia.
The combining form tars/o refers to the tarsal bones in the wrist.
Phalangectomy means "the excision (removal) of a phalanx."
Two words that mean "paralysis of the iris" are ____________________ and ____________________.
Flow of tears is called either ____________________ or ____________________.
A defect in vision that causes objects to appear blue is chloropia.
The hard outer coat of the eye is the conjunctiva.
Patient has a history of the presence of gallstones requiring a surgical removal of the gallbladder 10 years ago and chronic acid reflux. The patient's abdomen is distended with fluid collecting in the abdominal cavity. X-ray of colon after inserting barium dye with an enema revealed the presence of multiple protruding growths or tumors arising from mucous membrane throughout the colon. Visual examination of the colon by a fiberscope inserted through the rectum was performed, and biopsies were taken of a tumor located by microscopic examination.
A 76 year-old woman was in the ICU in the terminal stage of miltisystem organ failure. She had been admitted to the hospital for bacterial pneumonia, which had not resolved with antibiotic therapy. She had a 10-year Hx of COPD. She was not conscious and was unable to breathe on her own. The decision was made to support her breathing with endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. After 1 week and several unsuccessful attempts to wean her from the ventilator the pulonologist suggested a permanent new opening in the trachea.
Intensive care unit
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
72 year-old male, smoker of 25 year until quitting 10 years ago is complaining of chest pain. Father deceased at 68 years with lung cancer. Mother deceased at 77 years of cerebrovascular accident.
The patient is a 35 year old man who has had a gradual increase in upper abdominal pain for the past 8 months. He reports a sharp pain in the area above or upon the stomach about 30 minutes after meals. The patient denies difficulty swallowing. Physical examination reveals no evidence of effusion of fluid into the abdominal cavity, jaudice, enlarged liver or abdominal mass.
In the emergency room, a physician who treats and diagnosis skeletal conditions examined an 82 year-old female who fell. He ordered X-rays of her right wrist and left hip.The X-rays revealed a wrist bone that was broken in many pieces. She could not flex or move her wrist much. The hip bone was broken and pressed into another part of the bone. The surgeon performed a realignment of the wrist bones. He ordered that Mrs. Smith be placed into traction to maintain alignment of her hip.
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