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US History 13.2 Farming The Plains
Terms in this set (19)
a region that extends westward to the Rocky Mountains, little rainfall and O'Kieffes and their neighbors were early settlers
Stephen Long/ Great American Desert
explored the region with an army expedition in 1819, said it was unfit for settling b/c the scarcity of wood and water
Homestead Act of 1862
provided a legal way for settlers to acquire clear title to property in the west. became more willing to move to the plains
a tract of public land available for settlement
planting seeds deep in the ground where there was enough moisture for them to grow
those who plowed soil on the plains, lost their homesteads due to drought, erosion, and land overuse
wheat farmers moved from Minnesota to the Great Plains
wheat farm that made lots of money, covered lots of acres, had lots of equipment and hired workers
Oklahoma Land Rush
government opened up Oklahoma for settlement and within hours, 10,000 people came to get land
What geographical factors created challenges to the settlement of the Great Plains in the late 1800s?
Only 20 inches of rain per year, not enough wood, trees, swarm of grasshoppers destroyed crops, very hot
Why was the Great Plains referred to as the Great American Desert?
there was barely any water, what Stephen Long called it, not worth settling
What factors led to the settlement of the Great Plains?
Railroads, land around railroads, posters saying it was a ticket to prosperity
What was the slogan coined by a Nebraskan to sell the idea that by cultivating the Plains rainfall would increase?
"Rain follows the plow"
What is the relationship between private property rights and the settlement of the Great Plains?
With property secured because of Homestead Act, people were more willing to move to the plains.
What technological innovations helped farmers cultivate on the plains?
Dry farming, mechanical reapers, threshing machines
Why did many Plains farmers fall on hard times in the 1890s?
Faced competition, overflow on wheat on the world market, and prolonged drought
What was the Oklahoma Land Rush ?
Last territory available for settlement, many people raced over to acquire land
Why did people feel that the closing of the frontier was the end of the era? Who declared the frontier closed?
Census Bureau reported it,
What was the idea of a "safety-valve of social content "
Fresh start for everyone who moved there
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
US History 13.3 Native Americans
U.S History Ch. 7.1 + 7.2
U.S History Ch. 7.3 + 7.4
U.S History Ch. 8.1
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