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Medical Terminology Body Systems: Skin and Sense Organs

Anatomy
STUDY
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aural discharge
fluid or material from the ear
otitis
inflammation of an ear
subutaneous
lower layer of the skin composed of fatty tissue
epidermis
outer layer of skin
dermatology
study of the skin and its diseases
myringotomy
incision of the eardrum
tympanoplasty
surgical repair of the eardrum
ocular
pertaining to the eye
onycholysis
separating of a nail from its foundation (bed)
ophthalmoscope
instrument used to visually examine the eye
aphakia
absence of the lens of the eye
pilosebaceous
pertaining to hair and its associated sebaceous gland
retinopathy
disease of the retina
trichophagia
habit of eating hair; abnormal craving for nonfood substances (dirt, clay, glue, and the like)
subugual
pertaining to under a nail
alopecia
absence of hair from areas where it normally grows; baldness
cataract
clouding (opacity) of the lens of the eye, causing impairment of vision or blindness
conjuctivitis
inflammation of the conjunctiva
glaucoma
increase in pressure (fluid accumulation) within the chamber at the front of the eye
melanoma
malignant tumor of pigmented cells that arises from a nevus (mole) in the skin
stye (sty)
pus-filled (purulent) infection of glands near the eyelid (most often caused by bacteria) aka. hordeolum
tinnitus
abnormal noise (ringing, buzzing, roaring) sounds in the ears
allergy test
procedure in which allergy-causing substances are placed on the skin and a reaction is noted. in the patch test, a patch with a suspected allergen is placed on the skin. the scratch test involves making several scratches and inserting a small amount of allergen in the scratches
bacterial and fungal tests
procedures in which samples from skin lesions are taken to determine the presence of bacterial infection or fungal growth
fluorescein angiography
fluorescein (a contrast substance) is injected intravenously and the movement of blood is observed by ophthalmoscopy. It is used to detect diabetic or hypertensive retinopathy and also degeneration of the macular (central) area of the retina
ophthalmoscopy
visual examination of the interior of the eye
otoscopy
visual examination of the ear (to the eardrum)
skin biopsy
procedure in which samples of skin lesions are removed and sent to the pathology laboratory for microscopic examination
slit-lampmicroscopy
examination of the anterior eye structures (such as the cornea) using an instrument that projects intense light through a narrow opening for optimal visualization
tuning for tests
procedure in which a vibration source (tuning fork) is placed in front of the opening to the ear to test air conduction of sound waves. the tuning fork is also placed on the mastoid bone behind the ear to test bone conduction of sound waves
AD
right ear
AS
left ear
ENT
ears, nose, throat
HEENT
head, eyes, ears, nose, throat
OD
right eye
OS
left eye
PERRLA
pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accommodation
VA
visual acuity (clarity of vision)
VF
visual field
epidermis
outer layer of the skin
sebaceous gland
oil-producing gland in the skin
dermis
middle layer of the skin, containing hair follicles, connective tissue, blood vessels, and glands
subcutaneous tissue
innermost layer of the skin, composed of fatty tissue
sweat gland
gland in the skin that produces a watery, salt-containing fluid
retina
layer of sensitive cells (rods and cones) at the back of the eye
conjunctiva
thin, protective membrane over the front of the eye
pupil
black center of the eye through which light enters
lens
transparent structure behind the pupil that bends light rays so that they focus on the back of the eye
cornea
transparent layer over the front of the eye that bends light so that it is focused on the back of the eye
sclera
white, outer coat of the eyeball
iris
colored, pigmented portion of the eye
eardrum
membrane that separates the outer and middle parts of the ear
auditory canal
passageway leading into the ear from the outside of the body
auditory nerve
nerve that carries messages from the inner ear to the brain
optic nerve
nerve at the back of the eye that transmits light waves to the brain
derm/o
skin
phak/o
lens of the eye
retin/o
posterior, sensitive cell layer of the eye
myring/o
eardrum
aur/o
ear
ophthalm/o
eye
ungu/o
nail
pil/o
hair
ocular
pertaining to the eye
otitis
inflammation of the ear
subcutaneous
pertaining to under the skin
myringotomy
incision of the eardrum
aphakia
absence of the lens of the eye
epidermis
outer layer of the skin
retinopathy
disease of the rod and cone layer of eye (sensitive cells at the back of the eye)
ophthalmoscope
instrument to visually examine the eye
tympanoplasty
surgical repair of the eardrum
subungual
pertaining to under the nail
melanoma
malignant tumor of pigmented cells in the skin
glaucoma
increase in pressure within the chamber at the front of the eye
conjunctivitis
inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the inner surface of the eyelid
tinnitus
abnormal noise (ringing, buzzing) or sound in ears
cataract
clouding of the lens of the eye causing impairment of vision
nevus
pigmented lesion on the skin; mole
alopecia
absence of hair from areas where it normally grows
skin biopsy
skin lesions are removed and sent to pathology laboratory for microscopic examination
slit-lamp microscopy
microscopic examination of the anterior eye structures, such as the cornea, under intense light
tuning fork tests
a vibration source is placed in front of the opening of the ear to test air conduction of sound waves
fluorescein angiography
a dye is injected intravenously, and movement of blood through blood vessels in the back of the eye is observed with an ophthalmoscope
otoscopy
visual examination of the ear to the eardrum
allergy test
patch test; scratch test
bacterial and fungal tests
samples from skin lesions are examined to detect presence of microorganisms
ophthalmoscopy
visual examination of the interior of the eye