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Arts and Humanities
This set of flashcards contains important terms that will improve students knowledge of our "Greece" unit. These words can also be used to study for the Virginia Standards of Learning exam (SOL)
Terms in this set (53)
Myths and legends of the ancient Greeks concerning their gods and heroes, the nature of the world, and the origins and significance of their own cult and ritual practices. Part of Greek religion.
the Greek word for a self-governing, independent city-state
Alexander the Great
son of Philip II; received military training in Macedonian army and was a student of Aristotle; great leader; conquered much land in Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, and Mesopotamia; goal was to conquer the known world
Athenian leader noted for advancing democracy in Athens, being the head of the Delian league and for ordering the construction of the Parthenon.
one of the greatest of the ancient Athenian philosophers
Earliest Greek civilization
the ancient Greek known as the father of history
Greek Mathematician (Father of Geometry) who taught in Alexandria
ancient Greek epic poet who is believed to have written the Iliad and the Odyssey (circa 850 BC)
ancient Greek sculptor (circa 500-432 BC)
people who gained power by force
the belief in many gods
The Greek Goddess of Wisdom. The city of Athens was named in her honor
Greek god of light
Golden Age of Pericles
a period of time after the Persian wars where Greece was able to enter an age of prosperity and peace
The father of Alexander the Great; The king of Macedonia.
naval battle where the Greek forces defeated the Persians, shortly after the battle at Thermopylae
the strait between the Aegean and the Sea of Marmara that separates European Turkey from Asian Turkey
a powerful city in Ancient Greece that was a leader in arts, sciences, philosophy, democracy and architecture.
A form of government in which every citizen votes for every single law. There are no representatives in a Direct Democracy
A series of wars between Greek city-states and the Persian Empire (5th century B.C.).
philosopher who believed in an absolute right or wrong; asked students pointed questions to make them use their reason, later became Socratic method
ancient Greek historian remembered for writing the history of the Peloponnesian War (460-395 BC)
A civilization on the Greek peninsula that reached its high point between 1400-1200 BCE
ancient scientist who said earth was the center of the universe
Ancient Greek who is regarded as the father of medicine
Athenian lawmaker whose code of laws prescribed death for almost every offense (circa 7th century BC)
the most important god of ancient Greek mythology
goddess of hunting and the moon in Greek Mythology
a temple built in the Greek city of Athens that was built to honor the goddess Athena
a league created and led by the Greek city of Sparta that consisted of Sparta and other city-states located on the Greek Peloponnese peninsula
A government ruled by a king or queen
the location of the famous battle fought between the armies of Persia and the outnumbered Athenians. Athens was victorious and a messenger was sent to run the 26 miles back to the city with the news.
a city and its surrounding land that is an independent political unit
a Greek city-state that was the site of the Trojan War
an ancient Greek city famous for their military strength
a culture that combines the ancient Greek and Roman traditions and ways of life
a war fought between Athens and Sparta in the 400s BC, ending in a victory for Sparta
Student of Socrates, wrote The Republic about the perfectly governed society
Greek culture blended with Asian groups such as Egyptian, Persian and Indian ideas, as a result of Alexander the Great's Empire.
The Dorian civilization combined with other cultures to form the Ancient Greeks
A Greek play write who is considered the "Father of Tragedy;" He wrote sad plays
Greek mathematician and physicist noted for his work in hydrostatics and mechanics and geometry
Greek philosopher and mathematician who proved the Pythagorean theorem
Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
queen of the gods in ancient Greek mythology
goddess of love and beauty and daughter of Zeus in ancient mythology
form of government in which a few people have the power
an alliance headed by Athens that says that all Greek city-states will come together and help fight the Persians
The three types of columns used by the ancient Greeks. Used for building important structures like the Parthenon; Doric simple...Corinthian ornate.
A body of water that touches the borders of Greece & Asia Minor. It also has many islands in it, including Crete.
the responsibilities of a citizen
rich landowners; wealthy nobles; members of the upper class
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