Chapter 12: Prison Life

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total instituions
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Terms in this set (58)
total instituions
an enclosed facility separated from society both socially and physically, where the inhabitants share all aspects of their daily lives; developed by Erving Goffman
prison subculture
the values and behavioral patterns characteristics of prison inmates; have been found to be surprisingly consistent across the country
dangerous ostracism
physical violence
inmates are entering a whole new social world in which they must participate or face what consequences?
the process whereby newly institutionalized offenders come to accept prison lifestyles and criminal values; although many inmates begin their prison experience with only a few values that support criminal behavior, the socialization experience they undergo while incarcerated leads to a much wider acceptance of such values
1. don't interfere with the interests of other inmates;never a rat on a con
2. don't lose you head; play it cool and do your own time
3. dont exploit inmates; dont steal; don't break your word; be right
4. don't whine, be a man
5. don't be a sucker; don't trust guards or staff
Gresham Skyes developed the prison code. what are the five elements of the prison code in 1960?
the power and pervasiveness of the prison code
what makes criminals conform to the worldview held by the majority of prisoners?
when a prisoner enters a prison, the conventional values of society are of most importance
as time passes, the inmate adopts the prison lifestyle
before their release, they begin to demonstrate a renewed appreciation for conventional values
why are prison norms and values represented U-shaped curve?
prison argot
the slang that is characteristic or prison subculture and prison life; provides examples of how widespread prison subculture can be
deprivations or the "pains of imprisonment"
prisoners are deprived of liberty, goods and services, heterosexual relationships, autonomy, and personal security
importation model
suggests that inmates bring the, values, roles, and behavior patterns from the outside world; when offenders are confined, these external elements shape the social world of inmates
social structure of the prison
a concept that refers to accepted and relatively permanent social arrangements
nine structural dimensions of inmate society
1. prisoner- staff dichotomy
2. three general classes of prisoners
3. work gangs and cell-house groups
4. racial groups
5. type of offense
6. power of inmate "politicians"
7. degree of sexual abnormality
8. record of repeat offenses
9. personality differences due to pre prison socialization
needs of inmates power
sexual performance
material possessions
personal pleasure
why do prison roles serve to satisfy the needs of inmates?
the mean dude
some inmates adjust to prison by being violent, and other inmates know that these prisoners are best left alone
the hedonist
some inmates build lives around the limited pleasures available within the confines of prison