Miller & Levine Biology Chapter 4

Lessons 1, 2, and 3 vocab words.
STUDY
PLAY
weather
day-to-day condition of the atmosphere, including temperature, precipitation, and other factors
climate
average year-to-year conditions of temperature and precipitation in an area over a long period of time
microclimate
environmental conditions within a small area that differs significantly from the climate of the surrounding area
greenhouse effect
process in which certain gases trap sunlight energy in Earth's atmosphere as heat
tolerance
ability of an organism to survive and reproduce under circumstances that differ from their optimal conditions
habitat
area where an organism lives, including the biotic and abiotic factors that affect it
niche
full range of physical and biological conditions in which an organism lives and the way in which the organism uses those conditions
resource
any necessity of life, such as water, nutrients, light, food, or space
competitive exclusion principle
principle that states that no two species can occupy the same niche in the same habitat at the same time
predation
interaction in which one organism captures and feeds on another organism
herbivory
interaction in which one animal feeds on producers
keystone species
single species that is not usually abundant in a community yet exerts strong control on the structure of a community
symbiosis
relationship in which two species live close together
mutualism
symbiotic relationship in which both species benefit from the relationship
parasitism
symbiotic relationship in which one organism lives on or in another organism and harms it
commensalism
symbiotic relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is neither helped nor harmed
ecological succession
series of gradual changes that occur in a community following a disturbance
primary succession
succession that occurs in an area in which no trace of a previous community is present
when plants begin to grow after a natural disaster
pioneer species
first species to populate an area during succession
secondary succession
type of succession that occurs in an area that was only partially destroyed by disturbances

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