civics chapter 1 section 1-2
Terms in this set (36)
the study of what it means to be U.S. citizen
what is civics?
-stay up to date on issues
-studying civics to understand govt.
-respecting rights of others
-responsibly using natural resources
what are the roles and qualities of a good citizen?
-citizens share in protected liberties
-are guaranteed an education and equal rights and opportunity of employment
-must respect rights of others
What ideals form the basis of the U.S. government and the American way of life?
-people from Siberia settled in N.Am 12000-40,000 years ago
-Vikings arrived but did not settle in N.Am
-1492- Christopher Columbus claimed land for Spain
-Spanish, French, British, Dutch, Swedish, and Africans settled in America.
Who were N.Am's earliest inhabitants and when did they arrive?
Christopher Columbus claimed land for spain(date)
Vikings arrived but didn't settle in N.Am(date)
Spanish, French, British, Dutch, Swedish, and Africans
___,____,____,____,____,and ____ settled in America
-restrictions placed on immigration in response to wage issues
-limits on yearly immigration
-quotas set on particular countries
-Immigration Act of 1990- cap set at 675,000 immigrants per year
-Refugees are not subject to the immigration cap.
1986-Immigration reform and Control Act
What changes have occurred in the U.S. immigration policy since the early 1800s?
specific number you must meet
someone fleeing a country for some kind of political or social reason
Immigration reform and control act(date)
-freedom is protected by laws
-citizens are eligible for government services
How does U.S. citizenship benefit people?
2.can take a test(NATURALIZATION)
Two ways to become a citizen
-native born citizen-anyone born in the 50 states
-if you are born in one of the U.S. territories or on a U.S. military base
-if you are born outside of the US, then at least one or both of your parents have to be born and lived in the U.S.
Rules for citizenship by Birth
someone living in the U.S. who is a citizen of another country
-must obey the laws of U.S.
-cant hold office or vote
-must register with the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service(today it is called the Immigration Customer Service[ice])
rules for aliens(immigrants) in the U.S.
Immigration Reform and Control Act
passed to legalize the status of illegal aliens who meet certain requirements
course of government action to achieve community goals
plan for collecting and spending money
All citizens met to debate government matters and vote firsthand.
citizens choose a smaller group to represent them, make laws, and govern them.
government controlled by one person or a small group of people
the people rule
national, local, and state
what are the three levels of government?
-determines how many people each state has in the House of representatives
-shows population growth and decline
-reports how many kids each family has
-helps govt, businesses, and individuals plan for future
-says how much taxes will be
Why is census information important?
-adding new territories
In what ways does a population grow?
-first census was most americans were living on farms ad rural areas
-then urban areas were growing faster than rural areas
-more americans lived in cities than in rural areas
-then suburbs developed around cities
-today there are more people living in suburbs than in cities
What has changed about the movement of the American people from the country's early years to the present?
urban areas were growing faster than rural areas(date)
more americans lived in cities than in rural areas(date)
suburbs developed around cities(date)
at the bottom of the U.S. including half of cali
where is the sunbelt?
migration to the ___ increased during 1980s-1990s
-interacting with other communities
what does the govt do?
Africans and the spanish
After whites, what are the 2 largest ethnic groups in the U.S.?
-stands for U.S. citizen and immigration services.
-to interview the aliens after their application is checked. then look over their exam and make a decision
what is the USCIS and what is their job?
1.consultation- consult to determine eligibility
2.application-will send all documents and 2 passport photos
3.getting fingerprinted-receive an appointment letter from USCIS
4.prepare for the English and civics test
6.taking the oath- will receive a ceremony date, return Permanent Resident Card, take an Oath of Allegiance, and receive your Certificate of Naturalization
what is the naturalization process in order?