Unit 13 Lesson 3 European Conquests and Colonies
Terms in this set (10)
Why did Cortes want to conquer the Aztecs?
He wanted Aztec land and riches
How were the Aztec and Inca empires impacted by Spanish conquistadors and European colonization?
Conquistadors destroyed the empires, and then Europeans built new settlements
What was one of the impacts of Spanish colonization on Native Americans?
Tens of thousands of Native Americans died from disease, war, and forced labor
How did Portugal and other European nations challenge Spanish power?
Portugal colonized Brazil, and other nations backed privateers and explorers
Which of the following was an effect of Spain's regulation of trade in its American colonies?
Colonists could export raw materials only to Spain
Which geographic feature most likely made European colonization of the interior difficult for Spanish and the Portuguese?
Amazon rain forest
Which of the following did Spanish colonies have that French, British, and Portuguese colonies did not?
The encomienda system
How did the English colonies differ from Spanish and French colonies?
They elected their own representative assemblies
New France might have grown larger if which of the following occurred?
If they settled in a more moderate climate
How did England's political traditions affect the types of government established in England's American colonies?
English colonists had some limited representative self-government
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