Psych - Ch. 2 - PrepU
Terms in this set (30)
The client has difficulty with motor coordination and walks with an unsteady gait. Of the following brain structures, which is most likely affected in the client's brain?
Which term is used to describe the amount of the drug needed to achieve the maximum effect?
Which is considered an atypical antipsychotic?
Which is not an action expected of a benzodiazepine?
Increased activity in which neurotransmitter is implicated in increased impulsivity and violent behavior?
A neuroimaging technique used to examine brain functioning, including glucose metabolism, blood flow, and neurotransmitter-receptor activity, is known as what?
Positron emission tomography (PET) scan
Which side effect is associated with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)?
A client has begun taking 1 mg of eszopiclone at bedtime, a dose which is considered to be equivalent to a 3.75-mg dose of her previous hypnotic, zopiclone. This comparison of the relative dosages of these two drugs is referred to as what?
A decrease in which neurotransmitter has been implicated in seizure disorders?
A client with bipolar disorder has responded well to lithium therapy in the inpatient setting and is now being prepared for discharge. What should the nurse teach the client about outpatient lithium therapy?
"Try to time your visit to the laboratory for the morning, around 12 hours after your most recent dose."
What are neuroleptic medications used to treat?
A client with an anxiety disorder is exhibiting agitation after missing some doses of diazepam. The nurse interprets the aggression as relating to which cause?
A client with a history of schizophrenia is being treated with olanzapine. Which assessment should the nurse prioritize when planning care for this client?
A client is being seen in the mental health clinic. The client has been on haloperidol for 8 months and is now exhibiting tongue protrusion, lip smacking, and rapid eye blinking. A nurse would document this chronic syndrome as:
Which are examples of monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)? Select all that apply.
A nurse is reviewing the medical records of several clients receiving antipsychotic agents. Which factors, if noted, would the nurse identify as placing a client at greater risk for tardive dyskinesia?
history of depression
A group of nurses is reviewing the various drug classes used to treat psychiatric disorders. The nurses demonstrate understanding when they identify which as examples of antianxiety medications? Select all that apply.
A group of nurses is reviewing the role of serotonin in psychiatric disorders. The group demonstrates a need for additional study when they identify which disorder as being associated with its dysfunction?
A nurse is studying the positron emission tomography (PET) report of a client with Alzheimer's disease. What findings should the nurse expect to find in the report? Select all that apply.
- Decreased blood flow to the brain
- Presence of amyloid plaques and tangles
- Decreased glucose metabolism in the brain
An adult client has just been prescribed paroxetine by his primary care provider. When assessing the client prior to the beginning of drug therapy, the nurse should include what assessment?
All but which are currently used neuroimaging techniques?
Antidepressants are considered the treatment of choice for major depression; however, they should be used most cautiously in clients with a history of:
cardiac or seizure disorders
When educating an African-American client regarding newly prescribed antipsychotic medication, it is vital that the nurse address which care issue? Choose the best answer.
Early recognition of extrapyramidal symptoms
The nurse caring for the client taking clozapine should advocate for monitoring using which diagnostic test?
White blood cell count
A nurse is attending a review class on the neurologic basis of psychiatric disorders. The class also includes a review of the anatomy and physiology of the neurological system. The nurse demonstrates understanding of the information by identifying which structures ascomponents of the brain stem? (Select all that apply.)
Clients taking monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) for depression must be placed on a diet that is low in:
A group of nursing students are reviewing information related to drug therapy for mood disorders. The students demonstrate understanding of the information when they identify which agent as the gold standard for treating bipolar disorder?
Which neurological function is governed by the action of serotonin?
What is the primary factor that contributes to the high cost of providing mental health care?
most mental illnesses are chronic in nature
A Cuban American client has been prescribed an antipsychotic medication. Which response is most important for the nurse to make to this client?
"Call the doctor immediately if you experience any of the side effects we talked about."