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Chapter 5 American Government
Terms in this set (14)
In what 3 major areas did England influence American colonial government?
Local government, Legislative government, and limited government
What factors nurtured the growth of colonials political power during the first half of the eighteenth century?
Official neglect, Geographic remoteness, geographical hindrances to quick transportation and centralized government
What two events in 1760 brought about changes in British colonial rule that would eventually lead to American Independence ?
1. Britain's huge debt following the end of the French & Indian War
2. George III ascending to the throne
What influence did Christians thought have on the Declaration of Independence ?
The Declaration reflected Christian political thinking that defined natural law as synonymous with God's law
What 2 significant factor during the American Revolution profoundly molded the nature of the United States government following the war ?
1. a weak legislative central government (2nd Continental Congress)
2. Strongly independent state governments
What was the crucial weakness of the Articles of Confederation ?
The inability of the national government to enforce its policy
What 2 major events focused attention upon the shortcoming of the American Confederation?
1. Shay's rebellion, which granted a fear of anarchy
2. The Confederation Congress's inability to effectively deal with interstate commerce disputes on a national scale
What 2 keys procedural rules, established at the very beginning of the Constitutional Convention ,greatly facilitated the progress of the convention ?
1. a rule of secrecy was passed out of the convention hall
2. the organization of the convention as a committee as a whole
What major agreement did the Constitution Convention reach after only five days of meetings?
They agreed that a new government should be established consisting of a supreme legislative, executive, and judiciary
In what 3 major areas did the Constitution convention need to make compromises ?
Representation, Slavery, and Commerce
Who were the main leaders among the Anti-Federalists?the Federalists?
Patrick Henry, George Mason, Edmond Randolph, George Clinton
What were the 2 major arguments presented against adoption of the Constitution ?
Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, John Jay
What were the 2 most crucial state conventions in the ratification of the Constitution ?What factors led to the final approval of the Constitution in these states?
Virginia and New York
Who is known as the Father of the Constitution ?
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