Chapter 4: Buddhism
Review Questions and Answers to Chapter 4 Concept A: The Life of Gautama Concept B: The Dharma Concept C: Three Rafts to Cross the River
Terms in this set (23)
What was the name of the man who later became the Buddha?
What were the Four Passing Sights?
an old man, a sick man, a corpse, wondering Hindu monk
Explain their significance to the origins of Buddhism?
how Buddha came to be
What does Buddha mean?
The enlightened one, one who is enlightened, or one who is awakened
Explain the doctrine of the Middle Way?
To seek moderation in all things
Describe the event of Gautama's attainment of enlightenment:
Meditates under a tree for 40 years and goes into a deep trance and discovers the Four Noble truths through his meditation
What is the sangha and who is it's members?
Buddhist monks or those who follow Buddhist traditions, community of Buddhist
What is the Four Noble Truths?
summary of key Buddhist teachings
What are the Three Jewels of Buddhism
The Buddha, the Dharma which means his teachings of the Buddha, the Sangha/community
What features of Buddhist cosmology are shared with Hinduism?
1. samsara is the endless cycle of birth and rebirth
3. the final goal is to achieve enlightenment to get rid of sorrow called Nirvana
4. rejects the caste system
What is the Paradox of Buddhism?
"To examine completely the inner realm of self leads to the discovery that the self does not exist."
What are the Four Noble Truths?
1. to live is to suffer
2. suffering is caused by desire
3. suffering can be brought to cessation-means to end
4. the solution to suffering is the Noble Eightfold Path/enlightenment
What is an example of rebirth?
like a candle passing it's flame to another candle
How do we overcome life?
2. Determination of the cause
What is the meaning of life?
desire leads to suffering, and hope
Identify the Three Marks of Existence. How are they interrelated?
1. Anatta- no self
2. Anicca- no permanence, closely tied to Anatta
3. Dukkha- suffering, the First Noble Truth
What is Dukkha?
means suffering, frustration, dislocation, discomfort
Example: a wheel no centered on its axle, bone slightly out of its socket, good times come to an end, nothing lasts, not everything is as good as they can be
What is the four passing sights of Dukkha?
What is Dukkha in a day to day life?
1. contact with unpleasant things-people, weather etc.
2. separation from pleasant things-mother and child, food etc.
3. harboring unfulfilled wishes
What is Tanha?
means desire, thirst, or craving, it is the second Noble Truth, attachment to things leads to suffering, satisfaction is not possible because the self does not exist, refers to selfish desire
What is a way to end suffering?
Follow the Eightfold Path which is the fourth Noble Truth, eliminate your own desires where you have no wants and needs
what are the primary focal points of Buddhism?
Where does the Dalai Lama live and who is he?
figure of Tibetin Buddhism