Sustainable Earth Final
Terms in this set (94)
What Is Ozone?
A molecule consisting of three oxygen molecules
A pollutant in the lower atmosphere
A UV shield
Why is ozone depletion a problem?
Ozone protects humans from harmful radiation
What is an example of the physical, abiotic environment?
A dog bark
Shade from a tree
A theory is formed after repeatedly testing a hypothesis
Why is Benjamin Franklin considered to be an environmental activist?
He attempted to move tanneries out of Philadelphia
What is the title of Rachel Carson's book?
Rachel Carson discovered this chemical caused misshapen and soft eagle egg shells.
What is an example of a nonrenewable resource?
What is the definition of conservation ethic?
The efficient use of natural resources
Who is the early advocate of preservation ethic?
Biotic resources are obtained from nonliving materials
Which ethical perspective includes all living things and the natural system?
What is an example of open access property?
The United States has what type of economy?
Oxygen is created during which reaction
What is an example of primary producer
A battery is an example of what type of energy?
What is the basic building block of matter?
What is the definition of an ecosystem?
All of the orgaanisms living in a particular place and their interactions with each other and with the local climate and geology
Trade restrictions helped what South American animal recover?
Tragedy of the commons refers to ruin of what resources?
A gas tax is an example of what type of taxation?
A traditional model of closed economic system does not include which exchanges?
Energy and materials
There has always been oxygen in the Earth's atmosphere
How does the sun create energy?
What statement is true about lemming population growth curves?
They follow a J-shaped growth curve
What causes population growth to plateau
The population approaches carrying capacity
What is both density dependent and density independent variable?
Which species can stabilize close to their carrying capacity?
What is an example of a L-selected species?
Which species recover more quickly after a disturbance?
What constitutes the ecological niche of a species?
Competition between animals of the same species
What percent of Earth's species are now extinct?
Humans have caused all mass extinctions
What is the name of the new geologic era, marked by the effects of humans?
Not invasive to Ohio
What would be the first to arrive after a volcanic eruption?
What state is likely to have the most diverse population of birds?
Specie richness is determined by diversity and evenness
What is the term for the evolution of a new species forms due to a geographic barrier?
What is an example of an ecosystem service?
Protecting from UV radiation
What is the replacement-level fertility in developed nations?
What factor is not included in the calculation of the Human Development Index (HDI)
What does the I in the IPAD equation mean?
Impact on environment
The fourth stage of demographic transition is marked by what characteristic?
How are HDI and fertility rates correlated?
Linear, inverse correlation (negative correlation)
How are HDI and ecological footprints correlated?
Linear, direct correlation (positive correlation)
When graphed (X vs. Y), which real life data tell the same story as the theoretical Environment Kuznet's Curve?
Human Development Index vs Ecological footprint
What did Thomas Malthus predict?
Human population would grow beyond the capacity of the environment to support it
What reservoir held the majority of the water on Earth?
What is Earth's largest freshwater reservoir?
Glaciers and ice caps
The opposite of El Nino is La Nina
How did the Southern Oscillation receive the name El Nino?
Peruvian fisherman made reference to it's arrival around Christmas time
What is a negative consequence of excessive groundwater withdrawal?
Channelizing and building damns removes what
What types of water treatment allows the reuse of waste water?
What desalination method allows a membrane to remove salt
Precipitation, evaporation, and runoff constitutes what part of the hydrologic cycle?
Santa Rose, CA, and Windhoek, Namibia utilize what type of water treatment to meet their residents' water needs?
Water reclamation / tertiary treatment
Plants can directly use nitrogen in the atmosphere to grow
What soil horizon contains leaves and sticks?
Low density forests are more susceptible to catastrophic forest fires
What type of terrestrial harvest system lead to erosion?
Pesticide resistance is a form of
What is another name for a genetically modified crop?
What process turns gaseous nitrogen into a usable form for plants?
Geographic location affects the number of soil horizons
What is an example of sustainable forestry management?
The refuge technique is intended to reduce the incidence of what negative aspect of conventional farming?
GMO resistant bugs
GMOs are engineered with three desirable traits. Which of the following is not a trait of GMOs?
The capacity to grow anywhere
The introduction of 'Rainbow Papaya' into the Hawaiian papaya industry provided what genetically modified trait?
Insertion of a virus gene, so the plant would be resistant to the virus.
Where would you expect primary production to be the greatest?
Amazon River mouth
What is not a problem associated with aquaculture?
How do humans affect salmon spawning?
How can aquaculture farms be better designed?
Implement integrated multitrophic aquaculture
Install constructed wetlands to remove excess nutrients
Build shrimp ponds behind mangroves
Where would you expect to find the most diverse aquatic ecosystems?
Gulf of Mexico / Great Barrier Reef
What is not a commercial method of catching fish
What is not true about the phosphorus cycle?
Phosphorus has a gaseous form
Fishery collapse is an example of what issue?
Tragedy of commons
To sustain fishery populations, fisherman aim to harvest fish at the maximum sustainable yield. What is the MSY?
Half of the carrying capacity
Why are non-renewable resources referred to as fossil fuels?
They are made from the fossilized remains of photo-synthesizers
The majority of U.S. electrical generation comes from what source?
Nuclear power utilizes what type of nuclear reaction?
Tar sands are a cleaner and cheaper oil reserve than oil fields
Why is sand used for fracking?
Sand holds rock fissures open for gas to excape
What country's energy use is growing the fastest?
Why does the Earth have seasons?
Tilt of the Earth's axis
A and B
*** Photosynthesis happen in ocean
*** Nuclear power clean source
No carbon dioxide is produced
*** Byproduct of petroleum
All the above
*** Name of decline
*** Relationship time and world energy X vs Y
Linear growth / expo growth
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