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Final exam Semester 1 Review
Terms in this set (50)
A research method in which an investigator manipulates factors that potentially produce a particular behavior is called an
The junction between a sending neuron and the receiving neuron.
Both the researchers and the participants in the memory study are ignorant about which participants have actually received a potentially memory enhancing drug and which have received a placebo.
Asch's "line experiment" was designed to provide insight into this concept.
These are branching extensions of a neuron.
A pill that contains no active ingredient.
In order to describe the behavior of animals in their native habitat, researchers are most likely to make use of this research method.
Information is most quickly transmitted from one cerebral hemisphere to the other by this part of the brain.
Our inability to consciously perceive all the sensory information available to us at any single point in time best illustrates the necessity of this term.
In his experiment on obedience, _______ found that the majority of subjects complied with all the demands of the experiment.
Hormones are chemical messengers of this system.
The process of communicating non-verbally through conscious or unconscious gestures and movements.
Olfactory receptor cells are essential for this sense.
This is the adjustable opening in the center of the eye.
This is the area of the retina where the optic nerve leaves the eye.
Where there is a conflict between bits of information received by two or more senses, which sense tends to dominate the others?
The way the mind encodes, processes, stores, and retrieves information is the primary concern of the _______ perspective.
The tendency that a person is less likely to help someone in need when others are present.
The arithmetic average of a distribution of scores.
The body's speedy, electrochemical information system.
According to the theory of fundamental attribution error, when explaining the failures of others we usually underestimate the significance of _______.
food and drink
The most basic or lowest level need in Maslow's hierarchy of human motives.
Unselfish regard for others
Mrs. Mellican is prescribed Lithium as part of her treatment for bipolar disorder. The person prescribing this medication is likely a ____.
The science of human behavior and mental processes.
A research method which focuses on gathering detailed information about one individual.
This is a testable prediction which gives direction to research.
fundamental attribution error
The tendency for observers to underestimate the impact of the situation and overestimate the impact of personal dispositions on another's behavior.
Part of a neuron which carries messages away from teh cell body.
The study of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another.
Using soothing musical audiotapes accompanied by faint and imperceptible verbal messages designed to increase the desire to lose weight illustrates _______ stimulation.
A coiled, fluid filled tube in which sound waves trigger nerve impulses in the ear.
In the _____ ear soundwave vibrations are transmitted by three tiny bones.
The organization of two dimensional retinal images into three dimensional perceptions.
The perceptual tendency to fill in gaps in order to perceive disconnected parts as a whole object.
The perceptual tendency to group together stimuli that are near each other.
The process by which we select, organize, and interpret sensory information in order to recognize meaningful objects and events.
This is the light sensitive inner surface of the eye which contains the rods and cones.
The spatial junctions where impulses are chemically transmitted from one neuron to another.
This encases a neuron in order to spped up the neural impulse.
industrial / organizational psychologist
This type of psychologist is directly involved in the application of psyhcology principles to the workplace.
They emphasized that the whole may exceed the sum of its parts.
He created the Hierarchy of Needs.
The ability to perceive, express, understand and regulate emotions.
A psychologist doing research from the ____ perspective might be interested in how our blood chemistry affects our moods and motives.
This is the variable an experimenter manipulates in order to determine its effects in an experiment.
His classic prison study was able to show that the role someone plays has a clear impact on attitudes and behaviors.
His injury while working as a railroad worker is used as a case study in the brain unit.
His line experiment was designed to measure conformity.
The convergence of parallel lines provides the distanced cue known as ___ perspective.
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