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All of the following are factors affecting the choice of sutures purchased or used EXCEPT

PATIENT'S GENDER; cost of suture, surgeon's choice, presence of infection

A Jennings mouth gag is used in which surgical procedure?


Tissue formation in the proliferative stage of wound healing by first intention is the

second phase

Which fact about nasal surgery is NOT true?

preserve unused cocaine

For a surgical technologist, professional conduct, including incorrect or negligent treatment, that results in harm to another is known as


In accordance with OSH regulations, protective eyewear must be worn

on all cases

The procedure performed to remove the ovary is


The instrument used to dissect nasal membranes surround the septum is a

Cottle elevator

When cutting sutures, only use the tips of a _____ scissor

straight Mayo

During neurosurgery, once the dura has been exposed the appropriate sponge to hand to the surgeon is a


If the suction tubing extends over the sterile back table, the STSR should

consider it contaminated and have the RN remove

What is NOT required for a laryngoscopy?

Balfour retractor

When setting up a laparoscopic procedure you will require the following equipment

trocars and scopes

The prefix contra- means


A tonsillectomy is the removal of which tonsils?

palatine or faucial

During spine surgery, the following elevator is used


The artery located in the back of the knee is the

popliteal artery

1ml is the same as


The following medication is an antibiotic


While performing a coronary artery bypass graft, which vessel would not be suitable to harvest?

cephalic vein

Prior to surgical intervention the patient will be positioned in accordance to the surgeon's preference after the

anesthesiologist has granted permission

The name for the position when a patient is placed on his or her stomach is


The informed consent should contain the

patient's legal signature

The suffix -trophy means


Within minutes of an injury, this phase of wound healing begins


For the anesthesiologist to administer a Bier block he/she needs a

pain control pump

The word stasis means


When performing a carotid endarterectomy a bypass graft patch is applied from the

common carotid artery to the internal carotid artery

Prior to a total abdominal hysterectomy, which type of catheter might be inserted?


In a premenopausal patient who wishes to have more childres, removal of fibroids would be accomplished by performing a


While scrubbing if you think you contaminated your elbow, you should

stop scrubbing and start over again

When opening sterile supplies, you must

ALL OF THE ABOVE; open envelope packages in sequence, maintain a 12inch distance away from the sterile field, check all packages for integrity

During cardiac arrest the CST must

maintain sterility and protect the field

Honesty, moral integrity, and responsibility to ensure consistent steril technique and quality of patient care is referred to as

surgical conscience

The goal(s) for the CST during the surgical procedure is (are) to

ALL OF THE ABOVE; have instruments ready to hand to the surgeon, maintain sterility, anticipate the surgeon's needs

Who is responsible for the instrument, sponge, and sharps counts?

circulator and CST

_____ have a responsibility to ensure that no item was left in the wound

all surgical team members

The biliary tract communicates between the

liver and duodenum

Which dressing layer is considered teh absorbent layer?


Elastic bandages, Montgomery straps, and surgical tape are examples of

outer layers

Liquid collodion and aerosol adhesive sprays are examples of

one-layer dressings

Any personnel who enter a room with a laser in use must

wear appropriate eye protection

Stapling devices employed during endoscopic surgery are used for

resecting and reapproximating tissue

Under general anesthesia the patient's last sense to be altered is


The ligament that is used as an anatomical landmark to identify the end of the duodenum is

ligament of Treitz

What device can be used in place of sutures when small vessels need to be occluded?

ligating clip

Preoperative anesthesia assessment is performed to ensure of all of the following EXCEPT

intubate the patient

The mesentery that encircles the small intestine connects it to the

posterior abdominal wall

While performing a carpal tunnel release the retractor of choice would be a


Which type of surgical dressing eliminates dead space and prevents edema?


Neurosurgical sponges are also known as


Who is responsible for monitoring all vital signs during surgery?

the anesthesiologist

In peripheral vascular surgery, implantation of a composite graft using synthetic and autogenous vein may result in

both a and c

All of the following facts regarding informed consent are true EXCEPT

it can be signed after preoperative medications are administered

The following cardiac condition does not necessitate surgical intervention

pectus excavatum

The four main factors that affect bone growth are

hormones, heredity, nutrition, exercise

Which is the equivalent value of 1/4?


1gram is equal to _____milligrams


Which member of the surgical team must document the medications that are used at the surgical field?


A disease chracterized by increased intraocular pressure is known as


The generic name for Osmitrol is


If a patient's heart rate drops below 40-50 beats per minute, which medication could be administered to correct the problem?


Steroid hormones that promote male characteristics are


The typ of suture that is utilized to retract a structure is termed


Which of the following causes a chemical burn to stop capillary bleeding?

silver nitrate

Upon receipt of a medication from the circulating nurse, the CST should

label immediately

The effect of osmotic diuretics in the treament of glaucoma is to

draw fluid out of the eyes

What is a normal range of hematocrit values for an adult woman?


When the anesthesiologist administers medication into the subarachnoid space, this method of anesthesia is termed

spinal anesthesia

The most frequently used preoperative sedatives are in which group?


The goal of performing a carpal tunnel release is decompression on which nerve?


Where does the recovery phase of general anesthesia begin?


Where is the patient taken to recover once surgery is completed?


Who is responsible for putting unused supplies away after surgery?

CST and circulator

Who is responsible for ensuring that all instrumenttion and equipment are cleaned properly prior to being processed for sterilization?


Morphine is an

opioid analgesic

When a CST assists the circulating RN, which of the following tasks are NOT prohibited?

positioning the patient

A scale that predicts recovery and disability in all types of trauma and brain injury is

Glasgow Coma Scale

The robotic arm, or remotely controlled hand, is called a


The CST can anticipate suture needs by all of the following EXCEPT

consulting the anesthesiologist

Which suture material gradually becomes encapsulated by fibrous tissue?


This medication will treat malignant hyperthermia


When a patient is in the lithotomy position, the team must ensure that no pressure is applied to the _____ nerve

lateral plantar

This medication is administered to produce skeletal muscle relaxation


Vascular access procedures to cannulate arteries and veins are performed for all of the following reasons EXCEPT

to drain an abscess

Papaverine is routinely administered during peripheral vascular surgical procedures because it

is a peripheral vasodilator

HIPAA outlines federal standards for the protection of

the patient's privacy

Repair of a splenic laceration or a partial splenectomy can utilize all of the following EXCEPT

opening the splenic capsule

Which of the following Gramnegative bacteria is a common cause of urinary tract infections?

Escherichia coli

Which of the following Gram-positive rods is aerobic?


Which of the following is used as a primary stain in Gram staining?

crystal violet

Which of the following is Gram stain resistant?


An example of a selective medium is

eosin methylene blue and McConkey's

During orthopedic surgical intervention, bone wax is used to

seal off oozing blood

In which phase of general anesthesia does loss of conssciousness first occur?

induction phase

The cement-like substance often referred to as bone cement is


What is the name of the procedure that creates a tracheal stoma that is usually permanent?


Axample of a contrast medium is


Which of the following viruses causes AIDS?

human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)

Which supply item is commonly used in both appendectomy and thyroid procedures?

Penrose drain

Endometrium lines the


The machine that infuses the CO2 gas into the abdominal cavity for laparoscopic proedures is called an


Drapes that have openings for exposure of the area to be incised are called


During which phase of general anesthesia does administration of reversal agents of anesthetics and neuromuscular blocks begin?

emergence phase

Which of the following medications is a diuretic?

ALL OF THE ABOVE; furosemide, Lasix, mannitol

Methods used to prevent contamination of a sterile field by the surgical team are known as

sterile technique

Mishandling of a specimen at the surgical field could be considered negligence resulting in

ALL OF THE ABOVE; an additional surgical procedure, inaccurate diagnosis, incorrect specimen analysis

To reduce sharps injuries, all of the following are correct sharps saftey techniques EXCEPT

recap all hypodermic needles

Common functions of the CST in the delivery room include all of the following EXCEPT

perform the episiotomy

The study of the nature and cause of disease, which involves changes in structure and function, is knows as


While repairing a retinal detachment one of the goals is to produce an _____ adjacent to the defect

inflammatory reaction

The term used to describe the event in which the largest diameter of the fetal head is encircled by the vulvar ring is


For many surgical procedures a Foley catheter will be inserted to

drain the bladder

Samples of cervical and intrauterine instruments include all of the following EXCEPT


To protect hands exposed to x-ray beams, what may be worn for protection?

lead gloves

Samples of vaginal retractors include all of the following EXCEPT


The suffix -lysis means


The study of drugs and their actions on living organisms is termed


The OR table requires which type of accessories for OB/GYN surgical procedures?

Allen stirrups

A DeLee suction catheter is used in which of the following procedures?

vaginal delivery

One of the cells of the peripheral nervous system that forms the myelin sheath is known as a

Schwann cell

The correct number of pairs of cervical nerves is


The contractile opening at the center of the eye is the


What organ is freed from the uterus and retracted inferiorly prior to the uterine incision for a Cesarean Section procedure?


A bladder hernia that protudes into the vaginal wall is called a


The prefix pseudo- means


The optimal source for obtaining autogenous bone for use in bone grafting is the

iliac crest

The type of laryngoscope used for removing a foreign body on a pediatric patient is a

rigid laryngoscope

The hormone that stimulates development of the female sex characteristics is


The three basic categories of incisions used in gynecologic surgery are vertical, oblique and


If the monitor fails during a laparoscopic procedure, the first course of action should be to

check if the plug is in the wall socket

A system of moral principles or standards to govern personal conduct is called


Which of the following is not a sterile procedure?


When describing the flow of electrical impulses we use the term


In a TAH-BSO procedure, all of the following self-retaining retractors are commonly used EXCEPT


During a cholecystectomy these two structures are typically divided and ligated

cystic artery and cystic duct

The basic unit of current is measured in


The single largest mass of lymphatic tissue in the body is the


Which of the following suture materials is the most inert in tissue?

stainless steel

The white blood cells that play a major role in allergic reactions are called


A transfusion reaction in which antibodies attach the antigens on red blood cells of a different type, causing cells to clump together, is known as


The SA node, which initiates each cardiac cycle, is known as the


The study of metabolism and action of drugs in the body is called


The most commonly used autograft for a tympanoplasty is the

temporalis fascia

A surgical wound starts healing

within minutes after the surgical incision

The surgical specialty that utilizes balanced salt solution (BSS) as a lubricant is


The procedure performed to assist in the drainage of tears and secreitons from the lacrimal sac into the nose is called


Thrombolytics administered intravenously can cause


Basic aseptic techniques incorporate all of the following EXCEPT

always keep your back to the Mayo

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