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Psych - Ch. 3 - PrepU
Terms in this set (30)
Which culture is more comfortable at distances greater than 2 or 3 feet?
Which explains why theories are important to psychiatric-mental health nursing?
Theories lead to the expansion of knowledge
A parent is trying to teach a child good manners. Every time the child performs a desired behavior, the parent rewards the child with praise. What type of reinforcement is the parent using?
The mental health nurse is helping a client learn more about the client's psychotropic medication. The nurse, in this instance, is functioning with which type of approach to nursing practice?
A group has formed and is going through the phases of group development. The nurse leading the group determines that the group is in which phase when the group realizes its purpose?
A person was supposed to meet a friend at a local theater to see a movie. The friend never showed up. The person's initial thought was, "My friend didn't come because my friend doesn't like me." This automatic thought was most likely inferred from which irrational belief?
"I'm worthless, so no one could really want to be my friend."
For Freud, the therapist's emotional reactions to the client based on personal unconscious needs and conflicts is termed ...
Who developed cognitive therapy for persons with depression?
A client with a history of trauma has told the nurse that he is pursuing psychoanalysis with an independent therapist. What statement by the client would be most consistent with a Freudian approach to psychoanalysis?
"We're spending quite a bit of time exploring the themes in my dreams."
A nurse is reading a journal article that reviews the various theories of human behavior and mental illness. One of the theories described states that all human beings have the potential for goodness and that therapy helps clients explore their own ability to develop self-worth. The nurse is reading about which theory?
It is evident that a client has entered Piaget's stage of formal operations when the client ...
speaks about a recent ballad as being reflective of the client's life story.
Based on the theory of transference, if a client's childhood experiences teach the client to mistrust authority figures, the client will do what as an adult?
Resist advice given by the mental health care professionals
Which phase of individual psychotherapy involves establishing mutual boundaries of the relationship between the client and the mental health nurse?
When assessing a client from a Freudian developmental perspective, the nurse determines that the client is functioning in the latency stage based on which behavior?
The client is beginning to develop inner control over aggressive impulses.
An 81-year-old resident of a long-term care facility has confided in the nurse that the client is profoundly fearful of death. Within Erikson's psychosocial theory, this statement may suggest a failure to resolve which developmental conflict?
Ego integrity vs. despair
Which cognitive theorist conceptualized distorted cognitions as a basis for depression?
The nurse leader of a group observes a group member attempting to stimulate the group to action or decision. The nurse interprets this member as fulfilling which role?
Within a group, facilitating verbal and nonverbal communication to meet treatment goals individually and with the entire group refers to the ...
A nurse is leading a group. During the session, the nurse observes the members testing each other to see if they can trust each other. The nurse leader also notes that the members are testing the nurse, too. The nurse interprets this behavior as characteristic of which phase?
A nurse is applying principles of cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in the treatment of a client with depression. Which intervention is an example of CBT?
Encouraging the client to identify destructive thoughts and practice mindfulness
Which group characteristic is lacking in the following statement: "Our group never talks about really emotional issues. I mean, no one ever cries."
A nurse demonstrates a sound understanding of the use of ego defense mechanisms by providing which explanation?
Can be either a therapeutic or a pathological way to manage stress
When the psychiatric nurse is aware of the cultural beliefs of a client diagnosed with bipolar disorder, the therapeutic process is most enhanced by what?
Facilitating the nurse's understanding of how these beliefs affect the client's perception of the disorder
The psychiatrist states that repressed memories in the client's unconscious are causing depression. This reasoning implies that the psychiatrist uses which theory?
Which part of Freud's personality structure is associated with ethics, standards, and self-criticism?
Cognitive interventions are based on the concept of cognition. Who developed cognitive behavioral therapy?
A cognitive technique to identify automatic thoughts is to ...
ask the client to recount a very problematic situation
Why are the developmental theories important to nursing practice?
They outline the process of human growth and development
Which theorist's contribution led nurses to recognize that personality development begins at birth?
A nurse working on a psychiatric unit is helping clients to understand how individual perceptions determine a person's response or behavior in stressful situations. Which therapeutic approach is the nurse employing?
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