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The New England Colonies

New Hampshire,Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts

Geography: Coastal areas with good natural harbors; inland areas with dense forests; poor rocky soil and short growing season.

Economy: Small farms, lumber mills, fishing, shipbuilding, and trade flourished; cities developed along the coast.

People and Society: Most people organized as congregations lived on farms; in the cities, merchants controlled trade, artisans made goods, unskilled workers and enslaved Africans provided labor.

The Middle Colonies

New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware

Geography: Fertile soil and long growing season; rivers ran into back country.

Economy: Colonies grew large amounts of rye, oats, barley, potatoes, and wheat as cash crops to sell; cities developed on the coast.

People and Society: Wealthiest people owned large farms and other businesses. Most farmers produced a small surplus. Tenant farmers rented land from large landowners or worked for wages.

The Southern Colonies

Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

Geography: Favorable climate and soil for agriculture; wide rivers made cities unnecessary.

Economy: Tobacco, rice, and indigo grown on large plantations emerged as cash crops.

People and Society: Wealthy elite controlled most of the land. Cash crops required a large amount of labor, which was supplied on large farms by indentured servants and enslaved Africans.

Years of the American Revolution

1776- 1783
The treaty of Paris in 1783 formally ended the war

French and Indian War


Sugar Act & Currency Act

Sugar Act: Placed taxes on raw sugar, molasses silk, wine, coffee, pimentos, and indigo.
Currency Act: Banned the use of paper monies in the colonies

Stamp Act

Stamp Act: Required stamps to be placed on most printed materials, including newspapers, pamphlets, posters, wills,mortgages, deeds,licenses.

Stamp Act Repealed


The Townshend Acts

New regulations and taxes

Colonists boycotted British imports


The Boston Massacre;Townshend Acts Repealed


Tea Act

Boston Tea Party held in protest

Coercive Acts

Passed because of the Boston Tea Party. The Coercive Acts were four new laws:
1. Shut down Boston's Port until they paid for the tea that was destroyed.
2. Judges, Council Members, and Sheriffs to be appointed instead of elected.
3. Transferred Soldiers to England to protect them from American Juries.
4. Required officials to allow British soldiers into their homes.

Battles of Lexington and Concord

Lexington: 8 Americans died and 10 were wounded. Paul Revere was captured.
Concord: 95 Americans killed and 250 British

The Declaration of Independence


America aligns with France

France helps America fight the revolution and recognizes America as an independent country away from England.

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