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Terms in this set (90)
Common Bile Duct
Rectum & Anus
pertining to the anus
Inflammation of the appendix.
Surgical removal of the appendix.
Produced by the liver; stored in the gall bladder; functions in fat digestion in the duodenum
Bile + stone + pertaining to = condition of having gall stones.
Bile duct + Process of recording images.
Gall + stone + surgical crushing = surgical crushing of gall stones.
Gall bladder inflammation
Surgical removal of the gall bladder.
Common Bile Duct
Transports bile from gall bladder or liver to duodenum.
Condition of stone in the bile duct.
Colon [large intestine]
Absorbs water; produces and disposes of feces
*Cecum - pouch where large intestine joins small intestine.
pouch where large intestine joins small intestine.
Surgical creation of an opening in the colon.
Pertaining to the colon and rectum.
Visual examination of the colon - usually to look for polyps.
Small abnormal pouch that forms in the wall of the intestines.
Inflammation of the diverticulum.
1st section of small intestine; joins small intestine to stomach. Most digestion of food occurs here.
Pertaining to the duodenum
Pertaining to the small intestine.
Surgical creation of an opening in the ileum.
Pertaining to the jejunum.
Muscular tube that carries food [bolus] from the oral cavity to the stomach.
Pertaining to the esophagus.
Muscular sac that produces hydrochloric acid (HCl) plus several digestive enzymes that begins breaking down food.
Chyme is the product that leaves the stomach.
Inflammation of the stomach and small intestine.
Surgical removal of the stomach [usually just a piece].
Produces bile for the emulsification of fat.
Benign liver tumor.
Visual examination of the abdomen.
The pancreas is an organ that has both digestive and endocrine functions.
Digestion - produces all digestive enzymes that break down food in the duodenum.
Pertaining to the pancreas.
The chemical breakdown of food into molecules for absorption into the blood.
Inability to swallow [absence of swallowing]
Small mushroom shaped tumors that grow in the colon.
Abnormal conditon of having polyps.
Study of the rectum and anus.
Lower portion of the large intestine - stores feces prior to excretion.
Visual examination of the sigmoidal colon.
Accumulation of fluid in the abdominal cavity
Chronic, destructive liver disease.
Chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) - intestinal walls develop ulcers.
Acute intestinal disease with pain, diarrhea and blood & mucus in the stool - usually caused by bacteria or parasite.
Congenital lack of connection between esophagus and stomach - identified shortly after birth.
Varicose veins in the esophagus - can lead to massive hemorrhage if ruptures.
Fecal Occult Blood Test [FOBT]
Lab test for small amounts of blood in the feces.
Surgical treatment for obesity - portion of stomach is stapled off and bypassed so it holds less food.
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease
GERD - severe acid reflux - acid flows back from the stomach into the esophagus
Bacterial species that causes ulcers.
Varicose veins in the anus/rectum.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)
Disrupted function of the colon brought on by stress - characterized by abdominal pain & diarrhea.
Yellowing of skin and eyes as a result of liver disease.
Dark tarry stool due to the presence of blood.
Urge to vomit.
Ova and Parasites
Clinical lab test for the presence of parasites or their eggs in feces.
Ulcer in the digestive system - esophagus, stomach or duodenum.
Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)
Nutrient complete solution injected directly into blood stream when patient cannot eat by mouth.
Chronic inflammatory bowel disease- Characterized by the formation of ulcers on the membrane of the colon.
When the length of the bowel becomes twisted around itself.
Forceful return of stomach contents out of the mouth.
1. Oral Cavity
5. Small Intestine (duodenum/Jejunum/Ileum)
6. Large Intestine (cecum/colon/rectum
2. Gall Bladder
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