25 terms

Beliefs Unit - Polytheism

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polytheism
the belief in many gods
monotheism
the belief in one god
Belief
1. believe in a superhuman power
2. explains the mystery of life and death
3. has a moral code
animism
the belief that all things in nature have a living spirit or soul
Brahman
single supreme force that unites everything in the universe
moksha
the freeing of one's soul from its individual existence to become one with the larger universal soul
atman
universal soul
reincarnation/samsara
rebirth of the soul into another life
karma
actions in a person's life that will affect their fate in their next life
dharma
duties or obligations of an individual dictated by social class
caste system
social group based on birth (India); followed by Hinduism
founder of Buddhism
Siddhartha Gautama or "Buddha" - Enlightened one
nirvana
In Buddhism, the condition of wanting nothing; union with the universe and release from the cycle of rebirth
bodhisattva
those who have reached nirvana and return in spirit to help others reach nirvana
Middle Way/Eightfold Path
practical guidelines that stress virtuous conduct and compassion for all living things; moral code for Buddhism
filial piety
respect for ones elders/parents
yin and yang
natural rhythms of life
Laozi
Founder of Taoism
The Analects
wisdom of Confucius (book)
Han Feizi
Founder of Legalism
Core of Legalism
strict laws and harsh punishments will create an orderly society, people by nature are bad
Core of Confucianism
5 Key Relationships; people by nature are good; lead by example; importance of family
Core of Taoism
harmony with nature, reject conflict, little or no government needed
Core of Buddhism
4 Nobel Truths
Core of Hinduism
accumulation of karma through dharma; believes in caste system