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Theology - Chapter 6: Holy Orders
Terms in this set (44)
What is Moses' role in the OT and how does it relate to the Church today?
Moses was the head mediator like the Pope is in the church today.
What is Aaron and his son's role in the OT and how does it relate to the Church today?
They were assistants to Moses like the bishops/cardinals assist the Pope today.
What is the role of the "elders" in the OT and how does it relate to the Church hierarchy today?
They share in Moses' spirit like the priests share in the spirit of the Pope today
What is the role of the Levites in the OT and how does it relate to the hierarchal Church today?
They were assistants in the sanctuaries just like how the deacons are assistants to the priests in the parish.
Minister comes from the latin root word for...
In what two ways are those called to holy orders destined to serve?
To serve our Lord and His people and to be an extension of Christ's service to us.
In the OT being called to Holy Orders was based on what?
In the NT being called to Holy Orders is based on what?
A direct call from our Lord through His Church
What does it mean to be in Holy Orders?
To choose our Lord over earthly dedications permanently.
Our Lord speaks to individuals directly, in what verse (direct quote and citation) did the Lord call Peter by name?
"You did not choose me, but I chose you." (John 15:16)
In what three versus (just citation) does Christ call the apostles directly and give them powers/authority?
The calling of the seventy "presbyters" occurred in what verse(s)?
Luke 10: 1, 9, 16
In which bible verse did the apostles establish the order of deacon in order to help with some of the smaller matters within the Church?
What is the meaning of In Persona Christi (bible verse)?
"for your sakes I have done it in the person of Christ" (2 Corinthians 2:10)
Through acting in Persona Christi what does the priest do?
Configures his being to the nature of Christi through his ordination, performs efficaciously all the sacraments, and extends the fruits of the Redemption won through Christ's Paschal mystery.
What is stated in Luke 10:16
"Whoever listens to you listens to me. Whoever rejects you rejects me. And whoever rejects me rejects the one who sent me" (Luke 10:16)
Who was Pope St. Clement ordained by?
St. Peter of Rome
Who was St. Ignatius ordained by and he became bishop of what?
St. Peter; became bishop of Antioch
Who was St. Polycarp ordained by and where did he become bishop of?
He was ordained by St. John the beloved and became bishop of Smyrna
What did St. Ignatius of Antioch say about the hierarchal Church?
He said that "Christ willed the hierarchal Church structure of the Church"
Tertullian said what about apostolic succession?
"apostolic succession shows the authenticity of the bishop's authority"
When was Holy Orders instituted (specific bible verse)?
Instituted in Luke 22:19 at the last supper when Christ said "DO THIS in memory of me"
What was being commanded in Luke 22:19?
To offer Christ's SAME sacrifice - "this IS my body and this IS my blood given up for you"
How does John 20:22 connect with Christ's command for the apostles and their priestly ordained successors to complete that same sacrifice?
John 20:22 - "And when he had said this, he breathed on them and said to them, 'Receive the holy Spirit.' "
His sacrifice brings the forgiveness of sins.
What does "orders" refer to?
A governing body (the hierarchal church)
What the three orders?
Bishops, priests, and deacons.
Who can administer Holy Orders?
Only the Bishop
What is the form of Holy Orders?
The prayer of consecration
What is the matter of Holy Orders?
The laying on of hands which takes place in silence
What is some criteria needed to be considered for Holy Orders?
- Baptized and of excellent character
- Called by God
- Sufficient knowledge of Holy Orders and its Implications
- 25 years of age
- Able to adhere to the virtuous life of a priest (chastity, prayerfulness)
- No impediments
- Authoritative figures of the Church must deem you to be called by God through the Holy Spirit's guidance.
What is received through the sacrament?
- The office of priest, bishop, or deacon
- An indelible mark
- A proper Sacramental grace
Which order is considered the fullness of the priesthood?
What does episkopos (greek) mean?
What are the duties of the bishop?
To sanctify, teach, rule, and ordain with permission of the Pope.
What is a mitre?
the Bishop's hat
What is a crosier?
The shepherd's staff which the Bishop carries.
What is a cathedra?
The chair which the Bishop sits at His respective Cathedral.
What is the basic "job" description of a priest?
Coworkers with the bishop in exercising the same apostolic authority and ministry
What are the duties of a priest?
To father/lead his local parish/church, be a spiritual companion to his sheep from birth to death, to pursue perfection and holiness, pray the liturgy, offer the sacrifice of the Mass.
What is a priestly stole and what does it represent?
A garment that hangs down down around the neck which is a sign of priestly authority.
What is a chasuble and what does it represent?
The outer garment that the priest wears at Mass which represent the gentleness of Christ (My yoke is easy and my burden light)
What are the two types of deacons?
Permanent (married or otherwise), or transitional (seeking further ordination).
What is a dalmatic?
Similar garment to a chasuble for a priest, but for a deacon. Traditional garment with lateral trimming to signify the deaconate
What is the symbol of the ministry of the deacon?
The book of Gospels.
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