US History chapter 9/10
Terms in this set (82)
stronger nations extend their control over weaker nations
exaggerates news to grab readers' attention
Rich blessed by God, poor cursed by God
White, English speaking people had cultural superiority
Journalists who attempted to find corruption or wrongdoing in industries and expose it to the public
Poet and Cuban revolutionary. He led revolution in Cuba. He would purposely destroy American property so that the Americans would join the Cubans against the Spanish.
Set up civil government in Puerto Rico.
Treaty of Paris 1898
ended Spanish-American War, gave US Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, Philippines
Supplemented Monroe Doctrine. U.S. MAY intervene in affairs of Latin American neighbors.
U.S. insisted that Cuba NOT negotiate with foreign nations without U.S. approval. Limited Cuba's freedom. U.S. gained military base Guantanamo Bay in Cuba.
Leader of Rough Riders and President of the U.S.
He won the NOBEL PRIZE for negotiating an end to the Russian-Japanese War.
Reasons for imperialism
1. Country needs new economic markets.
2. Country desires military strength or advantage.
3. Dominating country feels that their culture is superior to that of "conquered" country. U.S. believed in the cultural superiority of Anglo Saxons.
Susan B. Anthony
attempted to vote at least 150 times in ten states and the District of Columbia
the policy of using the U.S. government to guarantee loans made to foreign countries by American businesspeople and was often used to justify keep- ing European powers out of the Caribbean.
Any place Teddy Roosevelt could spread his square deal to the American people
Filipino who was lead both the Phillipine revolution against Spain and then the United States
Open door policy
letters addressed to the leaders of imperialist nations proposing that the nations share their trading rights with the United States, thus creating an open door. This meant that no single nation would have a monopoly on trade with any part of China.
Made by John Hay
Treaty of Wanghia
Cushing's treaty which balanced the British influence in China
Treaty of Kanagawa
1854 treaty between Japan and the US. Japan agreed to open two ports to American ships
-tired of western influence and taking jobs
-thought that westerners angered the Chinese spirits
-killed missionaries and chinese people who converted to Christianity
Did not want to assimilate into American culture
Alfred T. Mahan
Mahan urged govern- ment officials to build up American naval power in order to compete with other powerful nations. As a result of the urging of Mahan and others, the United States built nine steel-hulled cruisers between 1883 and 1890.
sent to Cuba to restore order and crush protests, com ted atrocities
Sanford B. Dole
American endorsed leader of Hawaii who came into power after the monarchy was overthrown
Volunteer regiment of US Cavalry led by Teddy Roosevelt during the Spanish American War
helped pass the Illinois Factory Act in 1893, advocate for improving the lives of women and children
Father of scientific management (the application of scientific principles to increase efficiency in the workplace)
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Pure Food and Drug Act
1906 halted the sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling
National American Woman Suffrage Association; founded in 1890 to help women win the right to vote
Meat Inspection Act
Gov regularly inspects meat production .
Northern Securities Company
Powerful northwestern railroad monopoly broken up by Roosevelt's trust busting
Causes of the Spanish American war
Americans put in concentration camps, fake news
Letter saying he was weak
USS Maine blowing up
Mahan's "Influences Upon Sea Power"
defined Naval strategy. His philosophies had a major influence on the Navies of many nations resulting in a igniting of naval races between countries.
Leading muckraking journalist whose articles documented the Standard Oil Company's abuse of power
Frederick Winslow Taylor
father of scientific management
Susan B. Anthony
An American social reformer and feminist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement.
Progressive president known for trust busting, food safety, and conservation
Carrie Chapman Catt
Last NAWSA President, 19th Amendment passed during her reign
He published exposés of business and government corruption in McClure's Magazine and other magazines
Reform journalists trying to fix problems
The American people vote for both reps and senators
Roosevelt's plan- keep good trusts(mergers) and get rid of bad trusts(monopolies)
Limited distribution of free railroad passes, gave power to ICC to set up max railroad rate
Federal Trade Commission
The government's "watch dog" agency, investigated companies.
Clayton Antitrust Act
1914 law that strengthened the Sherman Antitrust Act. A company can't take stock in any of its competitors. Allowed strikes.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, organization to fight prejudice and segregation
Bull Moose Party
Teddy Roosevelt's new Nickname of the Progressive Party
His job was to make sure land is preserved, fired by Taft
Wrote "The Jungle", went undercover in meat packing company, wrote partly fictional book talking about the grotesque circumstances
Passed Clayton antitrust Act , becomes president 1912, cared the least about civil rights
National American Woman Suffrage Association , Made by the merging of NWSA and AWSA, had a three part strategy: go state to state, pursue court cases to test 14th amendments, pushed for national constitutional amendment to grant women the right to vote
Robert M. La Follette
Fought child labor
Senator who fought the railroad, came up with with benefits for workers, "worker compensation", worker ok if injured onsite
Federal reserve system
Regulated banks, make sure they don't close down
Fed-measures what stuff's worth
Federal reserve banks banks
the application of scientific principles to increase efficiency in the workplace
Amendment to the United States Constitution (1913) gave Congress the power to tax income.
1903 law that forced railroads charge the same prices to all their customers
National Child Labor Committee
1904 progressive reformers formed a committee to end child labor and set maximum working hours, progressive
She and Lucy Burns were radical feminists, starved themselves, spat on police, etc.
People allowed to create bills and bring them before Congress
Referendum: we get to vote on it
Voters could remove public officials by vote, hold another election
Middle class, Wanted US to focus on OUR problems, rather than worrying about what's going on everywhere else around the world
We can nominate individuals to run for office
Protect social welfare(YMCA, Salvation Army),
promoting moral improvement (prohibition),
creating economic reform (muckrackers, Eugene V. Debs and socialism),
fostering efficiency (more efficient workday),
cleaning up local gov (Political Machine Politics / Corruption, Inefficiency in Government, Government not responsive to the electorate)
National Association of Colored Women, one of the first beneficial organizations
Gave women the right to vote
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, and distribution of alcoholic beverages
Teddy Roosevelt and trustbusting (Coal Strike & Northern Securities)
TR busts companies who try to buy out all of their competition
Spanish-American War (US acquires Philippines, Cuba, Guam, & Puerto Rico)
Pulitzer and Hearst
US assurance that Cuba won't lose its independence
Sphere of Influence
Economic and or political presence in a country
Open door policy
American statement that the government did not want colonies in China, but favored free trade there
Led to Boxer Rebellion because this made China mad, did not want us to dilute their culture
Causes of Spanish American War
Yellow journalism, imperialism, Spain brutality to the Cubans, explosion of the USS Maine.
What contributed to the growth of American imperialism
The growth of our industry increased, and we wanted more
Cultural superiority, military factors, economic factors
What groups were interested in Hawaii
Farmers and military leaders
How did the Spanish respond to the uprising in Cuba? What response did this bring from the United States?
Realize US isn't going to help them, McKinley @ Spain: we don't want to get involved with this bro
Spain: nah bro I'll send in General Valeriano Whiler to anticipate what you're gon do
Brings in everyone from the countryside into concentration camps and barricades them within city, shot if caught outside city limits, along with Americans
We freak outtt, send USS Maine
What areas was the Spanish American war fought
Guam, Puerto Rico, Philippines, Cuba
Anti imperialist league
group that protested American oversight of the Philippines
Alfred T. Mahan's book and plan
Influences of Sea Power: construct the Panama Canal, develop a modern fleet of ships, establish naval bases 8n the Caribbean, acquire Hawaii and other islands (Samoa)
New nationalism vs new freedoms-trusts
After leaving office, Roosevelt headed to Africa to shoot big game. He returned in 1910 to a hero's welcome, and responded with a rousing speech proposing a "New Nationalism," under which the federal government would exert its power for "the welfare of the people."
Trusts: legal bodies created to hold stock in many companies
Wilson's new freedoms: federal reserve act, Clayton antitrust act, federal trade commission
Assembly line, shortened work day, paid $5 a day
National Woman's Party
militant approach, took to the streets with mass pickets, parades, hunger strikes, led by Alice Paul