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77 terms

STNA Vocab Practice

I just started taking an STNA class, and there aren't any practice tests available for free, so I created this.
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Alzheimer's
a common form of dementia of unknown cause, usually beginning in late middle age, characterized by memory lapses, confusion, emotional instability, and progressive loss of mental ability.
Abdominal thrusts
a series of rapid thrust the abdomen in an effort to clear the airway.
Ambulation
walking about or moving from place to place
Anxiety
a state of apprehension and psychic tension occurring in some forms of mental disorder
Aphasia
the loss of a previously held ability to speak or understand spoken or written language, due to disease or injury of the brain
Arteries
a blood vessel that conveys blood from the heartto any part of the body.
Arthritis
acute or chronic inflammation of a joint, often accompanied by pain and structural changes and having diverse causes, as infection, crystal deposition, or injury
Aseptic
Free of pathogenic microorganisms
Atrophy
wasting away of the body or of an organ orpart, as from defective nutrition or nerve damage.
Bacteria
Any of a large group of one celled organisms that lack a cell nucleus, reproduce by fission or by forming spores, and in some cases cause disease.
Bed rest
medical treatment involving a period of consistent (day and night) recumbence in bed. It is used as a treatment for an illness or medical condition, especially when prescribed or chosen rather than resulting from severe prostration or imminent death.
Biohazard
the potential danger, risk, or harm from exposure to such an agent or condition.
Blindness
the inability to see
Blood pressure
the pressure of the blood against the inner walls of the blood vessels, varying in different parts of the body during different phases of contraction of the heart and under different conditions of health, exertion, etc.
Cardiac arrest
abrupt cessation of heartbeat.
Cardiovascular system
bodily system consisting of the heart, blood vessels, and blood that circulates blood throughout the body, delivers nutrients and other essential materials to cells, and removes waste products
Cataracts
a clouding of the lens of the eye or its surrounding transparent membrane that obstructs vision.
Nervous system
the system of nerves and nerve centers in human, including the brain, spinal cord, and nerves.
Vascular
relating to, or containing blood vessels.
Chronic
lasting for a long period of time or marked by frequent recurrence, as certain diseases
Congestive heart failure
a condition in which the heart fails to pump adequate amounts of blood to the tissues, resulting in accumulation of blood returning to the heart from the veins, and often accompanied by distension of the ventricles, edema, and shortness of breath.
Contracture
An abnormal, often permanent shortening, as of muscle or scar tissue, that results in distortion or deformity, especially of a joint of the body.
Cyanotic
a bluish or purplish discoloration (as of skin) due to deficient oxygenation of the blood
Decubitus ulcer
a pressure-induced ulceration of the skin occurring in persons confined to bed for long periods of time. Also called a bedsore.
Diabetic
A person with any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive discharge of urine and persistent thirst, especially one of the two types of diabetes mellitus.
Dialysis
the process by which uric acid and urea are removed from circulating blood by means of a dialyzer.
Diastolic
Referring to the time when the heart is in a period of relaxation and dilatation (expansion).
Defecate
eliminating waste from the bowel
Dysphagia
swallowing difficulty
Dyspnea
difficult or labored breathing
Dysuria
painful urination
Edema
excess collection of fluids in tissue, also known as swelling
Emesis basin
basin for vomit
Emphysema
a chronic, irreversible disease of the lungs characterized by abnormal enlargement of air spaces in the lungs accompanied by destruction of the tissue lining the walls of the air spaces.
Fecal impaction
An immovable collection of compressed or hardened feces in the colon or rectum.
Foley catheter
an indwelling catheter used for draining urine from the bladder and having an inflatable part at the bladder end that allows the tube to be kept in place for variable time periods.
Fowler's position
An inclined position in which the head of the bed is raised to promote dependent drainage after an abdominal operation
Gait belt
a wide belt used to assist with ambulating, also known as a transfer belt
Gastronomy
an opening made to the stomach for feeding
Geriatrics
the branch of medicine concentrated on diseases and care of aged persons.
Gerontology
the branch of science that deals with aging and the problems of aged persons.
Hallucination
a false notion, belief, or impression; illusion; delusion
Hearing impaired
loss of hearing; deafness
Heimlich maneuver
first aid procedure when the airway is completely obstructed
Hypertension
blood pressure that is higher than normal
Ileostomy
the construction of an artificial opening from the ileum through the abdominal wall, permitting drainage of the contents of the small intestine
Incontinence
inability to control bladder and/or bowel functions
Indwelling catheter
a hollow tube left implanted in a body canal or organ, esp. the bladder, to promote drainage.
Infection
the invasion of disease-producing microorganisms
Multiple Sclerosis
a disease marked by patches of hardened tissue in the brain or the spinal cord and associated especially with partial or complete paralysis and jerking muscle tremor
Musculoskeletal system
the system of muscles and tendons and ligaments and bones and joints and associated tissues that move the body and maintain its form
Nasal cannula
a device used to deliver supplemental oxygen or airflow to a patient or person in need of respiratory help.
Ombudsmen
a person who investigates and attempts to resolve complaints and problems, as between employees and an employer or between students and a university, or a patient and his care provider
Osteoporosis
a condition where bones become brittle and fracture easily
Paralysis
permanent or temporary loss of voluntary movement
Paranoia
Extreme, irrational distrust of others.
Parkinson's disease
a disorder of the brain that leads to shaking (tremors) and difficulty with walking, movement, and coordination
Perineal care
cleansing of the rectal and genital areas
Personal hygiene
cleanliness and grooming
Postmortem
after death
Prosthesis
an artificial body part
Psychological needs
Self-actualization, self-esteem, love/belonging, safety, and physiological needs
Quadriplegia
paralysis of all four limbs
Radial pulse
heartbeat felt at the wrist
Reminiscing
recalling past experiences
Resuscitation
to revive from apparent death or from unconsciousness
Seizure
a disorder that may include convulsions
Scabies
a contagious skin disease caused by a parasitic mite (Sarcoptes scabiei) and characterized by intense itching.
Secretions
A substance, such as saliva, mucus, tears, bile, or a hormone, that is secreted.
Specimen
a sample of body material
Systolic
pressure the highest pressure, when the heart contracts
Tachycardia
A rapid heart rate, especially one above 100 beats per minute in an adult.
Tendons
a cord or band of dense, tough, inelastic, white, fibrous tissue, serving to connect a muscle with a bone or part; sinew.
tympanic
relating to the middle ear or eardrum.
Urethral
the membranous tube that extends from the urinary bladder to the exterior and that in the male conveys semen as well as urine
Vomitus
vomited matter
White blood cells
colorless cells in the blood that help combat infection