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IB Economics Command Terms
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Terms in this set (32)
Analyze
Break down in order to bring out the essential elements or structure.
Apply
Use an idea, equation, principle, theory or law in relation to a given problem or issue.
Calculate
Obtain a numerical answer showing the relevant stages in the working.
Comment
Give a judgment based on a given statement or result of a calculation.
Compare
Give an account of the similarities between two (or more) items or situations, referring to both (all) of them throughout.
Compare and contrast
Give an account of similarities and differences between two (or more) items or situations, referring to both (all) of them throughout.
Construct
Display information in a diagrammatic or logical form.
Contrast
Give an account of the differences between two (or more) items or situations, referring to both (all) of them throughout.
Define
Give the precise meaning of a word, phrase, concept or physical quantity.
Derive
Manipulate a mathematical relationship to give a new equation or relationship.
Describe
Give a detailed account.
Determine
Obtain the only possible answer.
Discuss
Offer a considered and balanced review that includes a range of arguments, factors or hypotheses. Opinions or conclusions should be presented clearly and supported by appropriate evidence.
Distinguish
Make clear the differences between two or more concepts or items.
Draw
Represent by means of a labelled, accurate diagram or graph, using a pencil. A ruler (straight edge) should be used for straight lines. Diagrams should be drawn to scale. Graphs should have points correctly plotted (if appropriate) and joined in a straight line or smooth curve.
Evaluate
Make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations.
Examine
Consider an argument or concept in a way that uncovers the assumptions and interrelationships of the issue.
Explain
Give a detailed account including reasons or causes.
Identify
Provide an answer from a number of possibilities.
Justify
Give valid reasons or evidence to support an answer or conclusion.
Label
Add labels to a diagram.
List
Give a sequence of brief answers with no explanation.
Measure
Obtain a value for a quantity.
Outline
Give a brief account or summary.
Plot
Mark the position of points on a diagram.
Show
Give the steps in a calculation or derivation.
Show that
Obtain the required result (possibly using information given) without the formality of proof. "Show that" questions do not generally require the use of a calculator.
Sketch
Represent by means of a diagram or graph (labelled as appropriate). The sketch should give a general idea of the required shape or relationship, and should include relevant features.
Solve
Obtain the answer(s) using algebraic and/or numerical and/or graphical methods.
State
Give a specific name, value or other brief answer without explanation or calculation.
Suggest
Propose a solution, hypothesis or other possible answer.
To what extent
Consider the merits or otherwise of an argument or concept.
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