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Psychology: Themes and Variations Chapter 1 Vocab
Chapter 1: The Evolution of Psychology (22 terms) pages 0-35; Transcribed by alexwyllie
Terms in this set (22)
A school of psychology based on the notion that the task of psychology is to analyze consciousness into its basic elements and to investigate how these elements are related.
Careful, systematic observation of one's own conscious experience.
A school of psychology based on the belief that psychology should investigate the function or purpose of consciousness, rather than its structure.
Principle stating that heritable characteristics that provide a survival reproductive advantage are more likely than alternate characteristics to be passed on to subsequent generations and thus come to be "selected" over time.
According to Freud, thoughts, memories, and desires that are well below the surface of unconscious awareness but that nonetheless exert great influence on behavior.
A theory developed by Freud that attempts to explain personality, motivation, and mental disorders by focusing on unconscious determinants of behavior.
A theoretical orientation based on the premise that scientific psychology should study only observable behavior.
Any overt (observable) response or activity by an organism.
A theoretical orientation that emphasizes the unique qualities of humans, especially their freedom and their potential for personal growth.
The Branch of psychology concerned with everyday, practical problems.
The branch of psychology concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders.
The mental processes involved in acquiring knowledge.
The tendency to view one's own group as superior to others and as the standard for judging the worth of foreign ways.
Theoretical perspective that examines behavioral processes in terms of their adaptive value for a species over the course of many generations.
Approach to psychology that uses theory and research to better understand the positive, adaptive, creative, and fulfilling aspects of human existence.
The science that studies behavior and the psychological and cognitive processes that underlie it, and the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems.
A branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of psychological problems and disorders.
The premise that knowledge should be acquired through observation.
A system of interrelated ideas that is used to explain a set of observations.
The widely shared customs, beliefs, values, norms, institutions, and any other products of a community that are transmitted socially across generations.
A study system designed to promote effective reading by means of five steps: survey, question, read, recite, review.
The use of cognitive skills and strategies that increase the probability of a desired outcome.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Psychology: Themes and Variations Chapter 2 Vocab
Psychology: Themes and Variations Chapter 3 Vocab
Psychology: Themes and Variations Chapter 4 Vocab
Psychology: Themes and Variations Chapter 5 vocab
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