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76 terms

Additional Study Guide for Practicing for Esthetics State Board Exam

STUDY
PLAY
1,300
Number of nerve endings found within 1 inch of skin
100
Number of oil glands found within 1 inch of skin
12
Number of cold & heat receptors found within 1 inch of skin
12 feet
Nerves found within 1 inch of skin
15 feet
Blood vessels found within 1 inch of skin
15 feet
Capillaries found within 1 inch of skin
155
Number of pressure receptors found within 1 inch of skin
65
Number of hairs found within 1 inch of skin
650
Number of sweat glands found within 1 inch of skin
Cell Survival
4 elements needed: Nourishment, Protection, Function & Proliferation
Pheomelanin
Red/yellow type of melanin
Eumelanin
Dark/black type of melanin
Birth layer
Another name for Basal layer or Stratum Germinativum
Bones
Replaced every seven years
Daughter Cells
Cells that divide into two identical cells
Palatine bones (2)
Forms the hard palate of the mouth, not affected by facial massage
Turbinal (1)
also known as the nasal bone, thin layers of spongy bone on either of the outer walls for the nasal septum, not affected by facial massage
Vomer (1)
flat, thin bone that forms part of the nasal septum, not affected by facial massage
Gennan
Greek word for "to produce"
Ground Substance
The fluid matrix in the dermis
Hydro
Another name for water
Hydrolipidic
Technical term for oil-water balance on the skin's surface
Intercellular Lipids and Proteins
Surround cells and provide protection, hydration & nourishment to the cells
Kolla
Greek word for glue
Lipidic
Oil
Lipids
Phospholipids, glycolipids, cholesterol, triglycerides, squalene & waxes
One or two pints
How much liquids containing salts are eliminiated daily thru sudoriferous pores in the skin
Phytoestrogen
Examples are Mexican wild yam, sage, hops & soy
Tactile
Sense of touch
TEWL
Transepidermal Water Loss, the water loss caused by evaporation of the skin's surface
Tyrosinase
An enzyme involved in melanin production
Diencephalon
Located in the uppermost part of the midbrain had has 2 main parts, Thalamus and Hypothalamus
Hypothalamus
Located in the lower part of the diencephalon, controls many bodily functions such as body temperature; it also controls the pituitary gland
Thalamus
Located in the upper part of the diencephalon acts as a relay station for sensory impulses and play a role in the recognition of pain and temperature in the body
Combustion
The rapid oxidation of a substance, accompanied by the production of the heat and light
Hydrophilic
Water loving or capable of combining with or attracting water
Lipophilic
Oil loving or having a affinity or attraction to fats & oils
Ostium
Term for opening of the follicle
Sebaceous filaments
Similar to open comedones, mainly solidified impaction of oil without the cell matter
Keratoma
An acquired, thickened patch of epidermis. Example Callus or a corn
Hypertrophy
An adnormal growth many are benign or harmless also used to describe wasting away
Folliculitis
Hair grows under the surface, instead of growing up & out of the follicle, causing a bacterial infection
Pseudofolliculitis
Razor bumps without the pus or infection
Sebaceous hyperplasia
Benign lesions frequently seen in the oilier areas of the face. Over growths of the sebaceous glands appear similar to open comedones - doughnut shaped
Dermaphytes
A type of fungi that cause skin, hair & nail infections
Mycobacterium Fortuitum Furunculous
Cutaneous infections acquired from whirlpools, footbahs, caused a concern in pedicure industry in 2000
Bacteria
One celled microorganisms with both plant & animal charactertistics
Fungi
Vegetable (plant) parasites, including molds, mildews & yeasts
Favus
A disease of the scalp, but occurring occasionally on any part of the skin & even at times on mucous membranes
Virucidal
A hospital grade disfectant that is formulated to destroy viruses
Staph
Responsible for food poisening and a wide range of diseases including toxic shock syndrome
Fomalin
Previously used in spas or salons as a disinfectant for its anti-bacterial properties, is no longer considered safe
Phenol
A caustic poision (carbonic acid) used to reliably to disinfect implements
Disinfectants
Should be mixed disinfectant to water; not water to disinfectant
Metal implements
Instruments disinfected in 5% solution of Phenolic Disinfectant
Quaternary Ammonium Compounds (QUATS)
Takes 10 - 15 minutes to disinfectant instruments
Aseptic procedure
Process of properly handling sterilized and disinfected equipment and supplies so that they do not become contaminated by microorganisms until they are used on a client
Methicillin-resistant staphylocous aureus (MRSA)
Bacterium that cause infections in different parts of the body, resistant to some commonly used antibotics
Cocci
Bacteria that rarely shows active mobility or self movement
Bactericidal
A hospital grade disfectant that is formulated to destroy bacteria
Fungicidal
A hospital grade disfectant that is formulated to destroy fungi
Pseudomonacidal
A hospital grade disfectant that is formulated to destroy pseudomonas bacteria
Tuberculocidal
A hospital grade disfectant that is formulated to destroy tuberculosis
Inorganic
Metals, minerals and pure water are examples of
Organic
Gasoline, plastics, synethic fabrics, and fertilizers are examples of
Compound molecules
Also known as compounds
Elemental molecules
Contain two or more atoms of the same element that are united chemically
Two types of molecules
Elemental molecules & compound molecules
Oxidation
Chemical reaction creates a chemical change in the identity of the substance
Acid-alkalie neturalization
When an acid is mixed with an alkali, also called a base, in equal proportions to neutralize each other and form water (H2O) and a salt
Combustion
Rapid, oxidation of any substance, accompanied by the production of heat and light
Free radicals
Cause an oxidation reaction and produce a new one of these in the process and also known as super oxidixers
Oxidation-reduction
One of the most common types of chemical reactions
Homogenization
Intensive mxing of mutally insoluble substances to obtain a soluble suspension or emulsion, for example homogenzing milk so that the cream doesn't separate out
Enantiomer
Complete mirror images of each other, much as one's left & right hands are "the same" but opposite
Surfactants
Surface active agents that reduces surface tension between the skin & the product to increase product spreadability