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Oberkofler Unit 1: Vocabulary
Basic Vocab, Government Vocab, and Economics Vocab
Terms in this set (53)
Map that shows features such as mountain ranges, rivers, deserts, etc; shows natural features.
Map that shows features such as cities, countries, towns, villages, etc.
The beliefs, traditions, laws, art, food, and ways
of living that a group of people share.
Standard of Living
How wealthy or poor a nation is - high or low; a generalization.
The percentage of people over the age of 15 that can read and write in a country.
Any valuable product that comes from nature (ex. coal, fruits, vegetables).
A shortage of resources when the demand is high.
Farming and livestock.
Anything that causes people to move away from a place.
Anything that causes people to move to a place.
Latitude line that runs through the center of the planet and divides it into the Northern and Southern hemispheres.
Longitude line that runs through Greenwich, England and divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western hemispheres.
Latitude and Longitude Lines
The two grid coordinates by which you can locate any point on Earth.
The imaginary lines that run North to South across the earth; measure how far a place is from the Prime Meridian.
The imaginary lines that run East to West across the earth; measure how far a place is from the Equator.
When a group of people or animals moves from one area to another.
Usually heavily populated cities, these are high population density areas. Often contain tall buildings and may have factories (high pollution).
Usually the same as urban areas; have factories and many places where things are produced. Pollution typically an issue. Jobs, jobs, jobs
Smaller towns & cities; usually located within 30-50 miles of an urban area; suburban sprawl; medium population density.
Located furthest away from the urban area; countryside, farms, & undeveloped lands; low population density.
A legal member of a country.
The study of people, places, and the environment.
The people or groups in a country that makes laws, makes sure those laws are enforced, and settles disagreements about those laws.
The production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.
A record of the past.
A nation or group of nations ruled by an emperor or king.
A form of government where the power is held by one central authority; smaller regional authorities exist, but only get power from a central government.
A form of government where power is divided and shared between one central and several regional authorities.
When independent countries agree to work together as one in order to accomplish certain goals.
One person leads with unlimited power; Citizen has little, if any, role in the gov't. (think AUTOMOBILE).
Government led by a group; Citizen has very limited role in the government. (think OLIVE GARDEN).
Government where people (citizens) have the power - voting! USA has a republic type of democracy.
A system where the executive power is independent of the legislature - leader is separate from lawmakers - leader is called President.
Government in which executive power is part of the legislature.
Government in which there is a king or a queen, but they have no real power. The real leader of the country in the Prime Minister. The citizens get to vote for the real leaders.
Leader of a parliamentary democracy - voted into power.
Businesses owned by the government. Ex: public schools, police stations, etc.
Businesses owned by citizens. Ex: Publix, Target, McDonald's, etc.
An economy where the government owns the country's resources and businesses [PURE COMMAND].
An economy where private citizens own businesses. [PURE MARKET].
An economy where people use the same work methods and tools generation after generation. [Tribes & Natives]
An economy where some businesses are government owned and others are privately owned by citizens.
Something that prevents trade.
A government law stopping trade between two countries.
A tax that the government puts on imported or exported goods; makes trade more expensive.
A limit on the amount of products allowed to be traded from other countries.
A person who starts, organizes, and manages a business.
Capital Resource/Capital Good
The products, items, and machines a business needs to run & succeed. Ex: machines, computers.
Human Resource/Human Capital
A person who has skills for a job; a worker or employee. Ex: carpenter, factory worker, waiter.
Something people exchange for goods or services. Ex: Dollar, Euro, Peso.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
The total money value of everything produced in a country in a year.
Gross Domestic Product Per Capita
When the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is divided by the number of people in a country. GDP per capita is a better indicator of the standard of living in a country since it takes the population into account.
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