39 terms

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basement membrane
Cells at the base of an epithelial layer are attached to this.
blood
Connective tissue made of plasma, erythrocytes, leukocytes, and platelets.
bone
Mineralized connective tissue.
cartilage
strong connective tissue that supports the body and is softer and more flexible than bone
connective tissue
Tissue that functions mainly to bind and support other tissues.
epithelium
cells covering external and internal surfaces of the body
fibroblasts
In connective tissue, cells that secrete the proteins of the fibers.
gap junction
A type of intercellular junction in animals that allows the passage of materials between cells.
gland cells
epithelial cells that produce secretions
inflammation
a response of body tissues to injury or irritation
lymph
watery fluid
macrophage
Large white blood cell that removes bacteria, foreign particles, and dead cells
mucous membrane
Membrane that secretes mucus that lubricates the surface of organs and keeps them moist.
muscle tissue
A body tissue that contracts or shortens, making body parts move.
neural tissue
carries information from one part of the body to another in the form of electrical impulses
neuron
a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system
serous membrane
membrane that lines a cavity without an opening to the outside of the body
stem cells
unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for long periods of time by cell division
tissue
A group of similar cells that perform the same function.
adhesions
tissues grown together that are normally separate
anaplasia
a change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other
chemotherapy
treatment of cancer with drugs
dysplasia
abnormal development or growth of cells, tissues, or organs
exfoliative cytology
a technique in which cells are scraped from the tissue and examined under a microscope
liposuction
the surgical removal of fat beneath the skin with the aid of suction
metaplasia
conversion of cells to a form that is not normal for that tissue
necrosis
pathologic death of cells or tissue
oncologists
physicians specializing in cancer and diagnosis and treatment
pathologists
scientists who interpret and diagnose changes in cells and tissues
pericarditis
inflammation of the membrane surrounding the heart
peritonitis
inflammation of the peritoneum (membrane lining the abdominal cavity and covering the organs)
pleural effusion
fluid in the pleural space caused by a disease process or trauma
pleuritis
inflammation of the pleura (also called pleurisy)
regeneration
The ability to regrow a missing part of the body
remission
the temporary or permanent disappearance of a disease; pardon
matrix
a surrounding substance within which something else originates or is contained
tissues
groups of cells that have similar abilities and that allow the organ to function
histology
the study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues
stem cells
unspecialized cells that are able to renew themselves for long periods of time by cell division
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