AQA Changing Places

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Terms in this set (...)

Location
Where a place is, for example the co-ordinates on a map
Locale
Unlike location, takes into account the effect that people have on their setting. In terms of locale, a place shaped by the people, cultures and customs within it.
Sense of place
The subjective and emotional attachment people have to a place. This may be completely different when looked at from another's perspective. Subjective and emotional attachment people have to a place. Developed through experience and knowledge of an area.
Descriptive approach
the idea that the world is a set of places and each place can be studied and distinct.
social constructionist approach
place as a product of a particular set of social processes occurring at a particular time.
Phenomenological approach
how an individual person experiences a place, recognising a highly personal relationship between place and person - Yi-Fu Tuan and Edward Phelp important in this approcah.
Topophilia
Developed by Tuan to describe the affective bond between people and place - argued that it is through human perception and experience that we know places.
Relphs argument
the degree of attachment, involvement and concern that a person or group has for a particular place is critical in our understanding of place.
Perception of place
This is the way in which place is viewed or regarded by people. This can be influenced by media representation or personal experience.
Place
'a location with meaning'. Meaning can be subjective or personal, social or cultural level, meanings can be shared by different groups of people.
Placemaking
Deliberate shaping of an environment to facilitate social interaction and improve a community's quality of life.
Localism
An affection for an emotional ownership of a particular place. It rarely manifests itself in a political sense but can be demonstrated in nimbyism.
NIMBYISM
not in my back yard. When people are reluctant to have their local area affected by development.
Regionalism
Consciousness of, and loyalty to, a distinct region with a population that shares similarities.
Nationalism
Loyalty and devotion to a nation, which creates a national consciousness. Patriotism can be considered an example.
Homogenised
the process of making things uniform or similar leading to places becoming indistinct from one another.
James Kunstler (1993)
American novelist
'Geography of nowhere'
'every place is no place in particular'
Clone town
settlements where the high street is dominated by chain stores.
Globalisation
A process by which national economies, societies and cultures have become increasingly integrated through the global network of trade, communication, transportation and immigration'
Human factors that affect place
Demographic
Location
Built environment
Political factors
Mobility
Cultural
Socio-economic
Physical factors that affect place
Relief
Height
Aspect
Drainage
River
etc.
Character of a place
'The physical and human features that help to distinguish it from another place'.
May be linked strongly to the natural environment
But more often a combination of natural and cultural features in a landscape and generally includes the people who occupy the place.
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