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Exam 2 Answers
Terms in this set (51)
Chocolate Contains______ and tea contains______; both are from _____class of drugs.
Theobromine; theophylline; methylxanthine
Using____regularly can reduce the overall circumference of the vasculature within the brain; hence, withdrawal symptoms can include______.
Amphetamines are___ agonists; they function by____ of the neurotransmitter.
Dopamine; increasing leakage and blocking reuptake
____ work on receptors for ____ and are the most powerful reinforces of any of the classes of drugs we covered.
Psychomotor stimulants ; dopamine
Among the following, ___ will probably have the highest neural plasticity.
A 5-moth old female
A substance that can impact the physiology of the body even though it comes from a non-bodily source is said to be:
Due to additive effects, you should never use any dose of___and ____.
Benzodiazepines and Alcohol AND Alcohol and barbiturates
What is an example of a psychological dependence for drinking Alcohol
(All of the above) Helps onset of sleep, clams nerves, Serves as a social "lubricant", increases confidence.
Which of the following is NOT true about barbiturates?
They are commonly prescribed.
Which of the following is considered a dissoactive anesthetic (date rape drug) in the hallucinogen class?
A person passing from normal wakefulness through the stages that would eventually lead to deep sleep would progress through them in the following order:
Alpha, Beta, Gamma, Delta
Sarah normally feeds her cat canned cat food. She noticed that every time she uses her electric can opener, her cat comes to the kitchen. What is the conditioned stimulas
The sound of the electric can opener.
Steve had a serious car accident while Justin Bieber's "Friend" was playing on the radio. Now everytime he hears that Justin Bieber song, he feels unsafe and panicked. What is the unconditioned stimulus?
The car accident.
A 1 1/2 year-old sats, "Dog" whenever he sees a dog that is large like his. But he thinks small dogs are cats. This is called:
Opiates can cause_____, but have no effect on______
Constipation; physical abiliites
____ Is an endogenous cannabiniod, and one side effect of use of its exogenous equivalent would include___
Anandamide; short term memory loss
Natural hallucinogens occur in all of the following EXCEPT:
The ___ gland ___ the production of melatonin production when exposed to light.
What is REM rebound?
When the body dives into REM earlier than normal as a result of sleep deprivation.
In discussing sleep hygiene, we mentioned that the ultimate sleep situation would be one where the room which we are sleeping___ while we are sleep and ___ when we have to wake up.
(A and C) (A)Is cooler than normal; is average room temeparature. (C) Is completely dark; is flooded with light.
In the city of Amsterdam, coffee shops necessarily offer___ but may or may not offer ___.
All of the following are withdrawal effects of stopping after heavy marijuana use EXCEPT:
What part of the brain shuts down all outside stimuli when the body is entering sleep?
If you and your crush visit a haunted house, there is a chance that____ would develop as his/her nervous system is "fooled" into thinking that you are the source of its____.
Fears and phobias originate from some initial ______ that was originally a neutral stimulus but became associated with fear after a person's encounter with it.
Operant conditioning is a more ____ type of learning because you're acting on your environment, compared to classical conditioning which is more____.
The oldest forms of antidepressant medications were called ____, but they are rarely in use today because_____.
MAOIs; of their severe side effects
If you stop the use of an antidepressant "cold turkey" (all at once), you will experience ___, which has now been labeled____.
Severe depressive symptoms; discontinuation syndrome
All of the following are caveats/ considerations for the conditioning processes discussed in class EXCEPT:
The learner must fear the teacher enough to pay attention to him/her
All of the following are caveats/ considerations for conditioning processes discussed in class EXCEPT:
The teacher must choose a reward or punishment that is related to the behavior that is to be increased or decreased.
Petra injects herself with heroin everyday at 3:00PM in room 6-B of the Sleezeball Motel. Overtime, drug tolerance develops. What would happen if Petra injected herself, for a change, at 9:00AM in a moving subway train with her normal dosage.
The heroin would produce a stronger, perhaps fatal, effect.
When you see a pair of jeans, you have NO strong reaction. When you see a highly-attractive model wearing very little clothing, standing in a provocative pose, you automatically react with arousal. When you see highly- attractive models in provocative poses paired continually with these jeans, you eventually feel arousal assoicated with this brand of jeans- even when no attractive models are wearing them!! The sexy model is the ____ that leads to your arousal, which is the ___. When you have been conditioned enough to feel arousal at seeing the jeans alone, the jeans have become a(n)__.
Regarding one of the examples of classical conditioning presented in class, cream soda was the _____, while arousal in response to the cream soda (vanilla scent) was the ____.
Conditioned stimulus; conditioned response
The therapeautic process by which the unconditioned stimulus is pulled apart from the conditioned stimulus through progressive visualizations paried with relaxation (led by a therapist) is called
THIS ON HARD TO READ. Mexican food example, driving past location
In the above scenario, STILL HARD TO READ
Conditioned Tate Aversion
To get over a difficult break up
US AND CS: 6 Weeks; the 6 weeks start over
All of the following are characterists of the physical effects of Cannabis EXCEPT:
We are most concerned about ___ in the first___ during which an individual uses a(n) ___
suicide; 2 weeks; antidepressant
If you take a 25 minute nap and are dreaming when you awake from it, we know that:
You are sleep deprived.
The study of what drugs do to the body is called___; the study of what the body does to the drugs is called___.
The BBC Video on Vervet Monekys suggests that our___dates back to primate behaviors on the plains of Africa.
proclivity for the consumption of alcohol
Jill has a severe headache. She takes three pills of an NSAID for which the recommened dose is one pill. Because of the ___, we know that regarding the dosage Jill took:
Therapeutic window; the second two pills will do nothing more than the first pill.
Many expereienced marijuana smokers, experience drug ___ and are adept (good) at ___, which is the act of gauging their marijuana intake to maintain a certain level of effect.
Of the following routes of administration, which ONE involves absorption through mucosal membrane?
Today is known for being the one day of the year during which (AFTER OCTOBER 31ST):
Motor vehicle incidents are lowest
Fetishes orginate from some initial _____ that was originally a neutral stimulus but became associated with sexual arousal during a person's encounter with it.
The way alcohol impacts a person depends on all of the following EXCEPT:
The time of day the alcohol is consumed
Caffeine will exert a greater effect when it is in _____ versus____.
A hot beverage; a cold one
Over the 100 years, there have been ___ documented cases of death by marijuana overdose
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