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Research 202 CH3
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Terms in this set (25)
The __________ states that the results are due to chance and are not significant in terms of supporting the idea being investigated.
null hypothesis (H0)
The __________ is the characteristic or condition that is assumed to cause or influence a change in the dependent variable.
independent variable
The __________ is of primary interest to the researcher, who, through the process of research, seeks to understand and predict how this important phenomenon reacts to various changes and conditions.
dependent variable
A(n) __________can affect the strength and/or direction of the relationship between the independent and dependent variable.
moderating variable
__________ data are true score data where you know the score a person made and you can tell the actual distance between individuals based on their respective scores, but the measure used to generate the score has no true zero.
Interval
The null hypothesis is "supported" if the results are __________.
Statistically nonsignificant
__________ data are the most precise, with __________ next.
Ratio, interval
The __________ is used because it enables researchers to compare their findings with chance expectations through statistical tests.
null hypothesis (H0)
The __________ is considered tentative because it is the starting point for the investigation and will be tested empirically.
hypothesis
The __________ states that the results are not due to chance and that they are significant in terms of supporting the theory being investigated
alternative hypothesis (H1 or HA)
By convention, we create a __________ that is essentially the opposite conclusion of what we expect to happen as we observe the interaction of our variables.
null hypothesis (H0)
A __________ states that a relationship or difference exists, without specifying the nature of the expected finding.
nondirectional hypothesis
A(n) __________ can take on different values, characteristics, or categories.
variable
__________ and __________ data can be turned into ordinal simply by dropping the numbers and adding a placement or rank designation.
Ratio, interval
__________ data is a classification that has no inherent mathematical properties.
Nominal
The __________ should lay out the specific theories and theorists upon which prior research is grounded and to which your new research will contribute.
theoretical framework
A __________ specifies the nature of the relationship or difference that is predicted, so a specific group or condition will be higher or lower, or have more or less of something.
directional hypothesis
The __________ is derived directly from the research question and should predict a relationship between the identified variables in a specific and testable way.
hypothesis
__________refer to a construct or phenomenon that provides a causal link between variables.
intervening variables
"Male and female supervisors will differ significantly in their use of threats as a compliance gaining strategy" represents an example of a __________.
nondirectional hypothesis
Research is the process of gathering relevant evidence (data) and analyzing that evidence to draw conclusions about the validity of your __________.
hypothesis
__________ represent the functional components of research questions.
Variables
The __________ states that there is a relationship between the two variables being studied (one variable has an effect on the other).
alternative hypothesis (H1 or HA)
The __________ encompass not only an explanation of the research question but also the details about associated variables, with a specific emphasis on the rationale for choosing these in light of existing theoretical constructs.
theoretical framework
The __________ flows clearly and directly from the research question with only the addition of a few specific details to operationalize the way in which we would go about investigating this question.
hypothesis
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