33 terms

General Music Terms

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solo
Music played by one person
canon
A technique to compose music in which the melody is
introduced in one voice and echoes in another voice
rhythm
The organization of sound and silence
tutti
All play
harmony
The result of two or more tones sounded at the same time
duet
A piece of music with two interacting parts
soli
Music played by a small group of instruments
conductor
A person who leads or directs a musical group
march
Music for a parade or procession
sharp sign
raises note a half step
flat sign
lowers note a half step
natural sign
cancels a flat or sharp
pianissimo
very soft
piano
soft
mezzo piano
medium soft
mezzo forte
medium loud
forte
loud
fortissimo
very loud
accidentals
tempo
speed of music
paradiddle
a percussion rudiment with sticking RLRR, LRLL
ostinato
a continually repeated musical phrase or rhythm
anacrusis
incomplete measure at the beginning of a composition
melody
A series of single notes that add up to a recognizable whole.
repeat sign
Symbol that indicates to go back to the beginning and play again
rehearsal letters or numbers
Markings above the staff that indicate specific locations in
the music
accent
Play the note with more emphasis
dynamic markings
Symbols that indicate the degrees of loud/soft
chord
Three or more tones sounded at the same time
tie
A curved line connecting two notes of the same pitch and played as if they were one
slur
A curved line placed above or below two or more notes to
indicate that they are to be performed smooth and connected
1st and 2nd Ending
Play the 1st ending the first time only and the 2nd ending the second time
balance
Dynamic strength and importance given to instruments/
voices within a composition
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