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21 terms

Chapter 14: Manifest Destiny

Summer US History Visitation Bocek
STUDY
PLAY
Manifest Destiny
the belief that Americans are destined to settle all the land to the Pacific Ocean
Significance of Oregon Trail
people used this trail to go from the East to the West to settle lands in California
Santa Fe Trail
all trade was open on the Santa Fe Trail for trade between Mexico and America
Settlement of CA (Spanish influence)
Spanish were the first to settle California; Franciscan Friars established a Catholic mission in San Diego; the missionaries forced the Indians to convert; the Spanish government provided military support, annual cash grants, and supplies from Mexico; treated the Indians horribly
Annexation of Texas (Lone Star Republic) - role of British and French negotiations
sped up the process because France and Britain wanted to see Texas become a lone republic
Dispute with Texas over Rio Grande territory
Mexico did not recognize the US annexation of Texas or the Rio Grande boundary between itself and Texas; cause the Mexican-American War
James Polk's expansionist policy
Polk advocated expanding into the West
Treaty of Velasco
Treat signed by Santa Ana and Texans to end the war over Texas; after the Battle of Jacinto
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
Treaty that ended the Mexican and American War; America gains territories of New Mexico and California; America assumes the Texan's debt to Mexico
President John Tyler
VP to Harrison, becomes President upon Harrison's sudden death; Whig
Stephen Austin
one of the first Americans in Texas; city of Austin is named after him
Sam Houston
Commander in Chief of the Texas rebellion
Davy Crockett
fought at the Alamo
President Polk (Election of 1844)
last of Jacksonian presidents; won the election of 1844 against Henry Clay (Whig) and Van Buren (Democrat); advocated annexation of Texas and expansionism
General Zachary Taylor
replaced with Gen. George Winfield Scott by President Polk; leading general in the war against Mexico; becomes president
Santa Ana
seized power in Mexico in 1834 and became dictator; he was in charge of Texas during the Texas Annexation problem
John C. Fremont (Bear Flag Rebellion)
settler who lead the rebellion in California against Mexican rule
Battle of the Alamo, 1836
fought between Texans and Mexico over Texas's independence; location: San Antonio; Texans lost
War with Mexico (1846-1848)
caused by Americans wanting the Mexican Territories of Texas, California, and New Mexico; America won
Bear Flag Rebellion
the rebellion in California against Mexico led by Fremont
Battle of Cerro Gordo (Santa Ana's defeat)
Scott's (the general who replaced Taylor) troops force a clear path to Mexico City; this battle ends the war