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Terms in this set (27)
What was the purpose of the Judiciary Act of 1801?
This Act was passed in the last days
of Adams' presidency and created jobs for federal judges, mainly justices of the
peace but NO supreme court judges. They could only take that job if they
received a commission, a piece of paper saying that they had received the
appointment. The Secretary of State was responsible for delivering the
commissions but some were not delivered. (Adams also chose John Marshall
to be the 3rd Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.)
Who was William Marbury and why was he unhappy?
had been appointed a justice of the peace for Washington, D.C. but
did not receive his commission from the secretary of state, John Marshall. He
asked Jefferson and his secretary of state, James Madison, to deliver the
commission but they refused. He sued Madison in the case Marbury v Madison
Why do the judges need a commission?
The judges who received their commissions could not be fired but he refused to deliver
commissions to those who had not received them. He did not want more
Federalists in the judicial system serving life time appointments.
Calhoun wrote the South Carolina Exposition and Protest. He used the original Theory of Nullification but added 2 new provisions. Discuss those 2 new provisions.
He did add to the original theory by saying, the states had a way to make a nullifying state obey laws they considered unconstitutional. The Act could become an amendment to the constitution. However, he put in another out for these unhappy states. They could secede from the Union.
In 1832, Congress passed another tariff and South Carolina tested the Theory of Nullification. Explain what happened when South Carolina nullified the tariffs of 1828 and 1832.
Jackson could no longer collect tariffs from South Carolina.
Why did Jackson ask Congress to pass the Force Bill?
Jackson was angry. He had Congress pass the Force Bill which stated the president has the right to use the military to enforce all laws passed by Congress. He sent a customs ships to make the point that he would collect tariffs and would use the military. South Carolina and Calhoun were in trouble. No other Southern state had nullified the tariffs and all knew Jackson would use the military.
Everyone knew that Jackson would send in troops. How did Henry Clay find a way to settle the problem?
Henry Clay fashioned his 2nd Compromise. Congress would gradually lower the tariffs to the 1816 rates and South Carolina would call another special state convention and repeal the ordinance of nullification. And South Carolina did, but it also nullified the Force Bill.
Which state was the first to secede ?
Where were the 1st shots of the Civil War fired?
Ft. Sumtner, South Carolina
Compare the North and South on the following points:
Number of states and the population of the North and South:
The effectiveness of the government:
The banking and currency systems:
railroad and the ability to repair track:
the army and navy of each :
North had 23 with 4 border states with a population of 22 mil. People & more immigrants to come. South had 11 states and 9 mil. Plus 3.5 mil. Slaves.
North: established government, South: Must set up government
North: Established banking system with sound currency South: Must set up banks; currency not backed by gold and silver stable b/c not backed by metal
North: Most miles of railroad track & can repair track South: Limited number of miles of track & cannot repair what is destroyed
North: Factories to supply the North South: Few factories for military supplies or other supplies
North: Trained army & navy South: Must create an army & navy
Name the 11 Confederate states
Alabama, Arkansas, Tennessee, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Texas, North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana and Virginia.
Was the first President
Passed the Judiciary Act 1801
the president for the common man
repealed the Judiciary Act 1801
Jefferson's secretary of state
Marbury vs Madison
Louisiana Purchase: James Monroe heard of the trade between France and spain and traveled to buy all the land in Louisiana from France so the US wouldn't have to worry about losing the Mississippi River.
John Quincy Adams
would be associated with diplomatic nationalism. He would be a major force in the Rush Bagot Treaty.
from the Northeast and a National Republican and secretary of state seemed to be in line to be the 6th president
a Democrat from the Southwest and a hero from the War of 1812.
Martin Van Buren
The 1st president to be born after the U.S. achieved independence.
William Henry Harrison
Harrison was dead in one month, becoming the First president to die in office.
It was supposed to be a trade between Napoleon B. from France and Spain. They traded the land for one of the spanish noble men to get a kingdom. James Monroe heard of this and traveled to buy all the land in Louisiana from France so the US wouldn't have to worry about losing the Mississippi River.
Vice President John C. Calhoun
1. The Western Hemisphere was closed to future colonization.
2. The world was to stay out of the affairs of nations in Latin America and these nations
would stay out the affairs of other nations.
National Republican party changed their name to what party?
The Whig Party
John Quincy Adams- diplomatic nationalism
Henry Clay- great Commissioner
John C. Calhoun- nullification tariff
Daniel Webster- along with Clay use bank of US as political statement against Jackson
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