******** is the decrease or cessation of all feelings of pleasure (which thus affects enjoyment, happiness, fun, interest, and satisfaction). Emotions relating to pleasure will not be expressed as much or at all because they are literally not experienced or are decreased. A person with ******* may be unable to laugh or smile, for example. Conversation will not be pleasurably stimulating for a person with extreme ******** , and thus that person may not be as responsive to conversation or its emotional subject matter.
Both blunted affect and anhedonia are considered negative symptoms of schizophrenia, meaning that they are indicative of a lack of something. Other negative symptoms of schizophrenia include: alogia, lack of concentration, social withdrawal (sometimes called social anhedonia), etc.
Parent ego state is divided into:
• Parent into Critical Parent CP - which is negative, unsupportive, critical.
• Nurturing Parent NP - which is supportive, helpful, nurturing, comforting.
Child ego state is divided into:
• Free Child FC (sometimes referred to as Natural Child NC) which is spontaneous, free-wheeling, playful, self-indulgent, curious, rebellious.
• Adapted Child AC - which is toned down behaviour that has been learnt in response to the reactions from other people to us and our behaviour. The learned or adapted responses are more likely to generate a given result from the receiver.
In 'Games People Play' Berne identified that people habitually adopt certain ego states (not necessarily consciously) and "play games" in the way they communicate with others. E.g. a person might say "I'm fat" or "Nobody Loves Me", they are in Adapted child. They expect a nurturing parent response of "no you are not" or "yes they do". If they received a response of "I know you are" or "You're right, everybody hates you" then they have received a reply that they didn't want. Some people go through life playing a game and people can be in a relationship where one person is the Adapted child and the other the Nurturing parent.
Some people habitually play games and go through life playing games such as:
'Isn't life unfair',
'Everyone is against me'
'I am poorly',
'I am always right and you are always wrong'
'It is your fault that I ...'
• Are repetitive
• Are played without Adult awareness
• Always end up with players experiencing racket feeling.
• Games entail an exchange of ulterior transactions between the players
• Games always include an element of surprise or confusion.
Racket feeling - a familiar emotion, learned and encouraged in childhood, experienced in many different stress situations, and useless as a means of problem solving but frequently carried out E.g. my computer screen freezes, I get stressed and hit it.
Common games include: "oh how I suffer" "Isn't it awful" "victim, persecutor, rescuer" and "If it weren't for you"
Must have 2 or more of the characteristic symptoms for a significant portion of time during a 1-month period (or less if successfully treated) for a diagnosis of Schizophrenia.
-Grossly disorganized behavior
-Affective flattening- reduction in range and intensity of emotional expression
-poverty of speech
-Avolition or the reduction, difficulty , or inability to initiate and persist in goal-directed activity.
Other Symptoms: commonly associated by not identifed as diagnostic criteria:
-unusual motor behavior (pacing, rocking, etc.)
-Disorganized thoughts, disorientation, confusion, memory problems.
-Sleep and appetite disturbance.
-Dysphoric mood (anxious, irritable, agitated, depressed).
-Difficulty concentrating and focusing