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English Test Act 1 Romeo and Juliet
Terms in this set (21)
characters in scene 1
Sampson (servingman), Gregory (servingman), Abram (Montague servingman), Benvolio (Montague kinsman), Tybalt (Capulet kinsman), Lord Capulet, Lady Capulet, Montague, Lady Montague, Prince Escalus (Prince of Verona), Romeo
characters in scene 2
Lord Capulet, County Paris (Prince's kinsman/ Juliet's suitor), servingman, Benvolio (Montague kinsman), Romeo
character in scene 3
Lady Capulet, Nurse (of Juliet), Juliet, servingman
characters in scene 4
Romeo, Benvolio (Montague kinsman), Mercutio (Prince's kinsman/ Romeo's friend)
characters in scene 5
servingmen 1,2,3, Lord Capulet, Capulet's cousin, Romeo, Tybalt (kinsman to Capulets), Juliet, Nurse
purpose of prologue
to summarize the events to come in the play
"purple fountains" (line 87)
refers to the blood from all the violence
"Love is a smoke raised with the fume of sighs;
Being purged, a fire sparkling in lovers' eyes;
Being vexed a sea nourish'd with loving tears:
What is it else? a madness most discreet,
A choking gall, and a preserving sweet."
spoken by: Romeo
this description tells the reader that Romeo has had a bad experience with love and that he sees it as being a bad thing rather than good
"Well, in that hit you miss. She'll not be hit
With Cupid's arrow. She hath Dian's wit,
And, in strong proof of chastity well armed,
From love's weak childish bow she lives unharmed.
She will not stay the siege of loving terms,
Nor bide th' encounter of assailing eyes,
Nor ope her lap to saint-seducing gold." (1.1.216-222; 225)
speaker: Romeo to Benvolio
Romeo admits that Rosaline has vowed to remain "chaste" like "Diana," the goddess of virginity and hunting. In other words, Rosaline has sworn off boys and sex, which means that Romeo has no chance of winning her heart. In this passage, Romeo says that Rosaline is well "arm'd" against the "siege" of his love and "Cupid's arrow," which is an elaborate way to say that Rosaline is physically and emotionally impenetrable.However, it's possible that she was just saying that so she didn't have to be with Romeo.
"Do you bite your thumb at us, sir?
I do bite my thumb, sir.
Do you bite your thumb at us, sir?
Is the law of our side, if I
No, sir, I do not bite my thumb at you, sir,
but I bite my thumb, sir. (1.1.45-52) "
speaker: Abram, Sampson, Gregory
Now, Sampson doesn't have a good reason to insult the Montagues' servants—he's just looking to stir up trouble because his masters are feuding with the Montagues, but probably more because he's bored. Plus, Sampson's too much of a coward to own up to his silly gesture because the "law" won't be on his "side" if his thumb biting causes a big old brawl
"O me! What fray was here?
Yet tell me not, for I have heard it all.
Here's much to do with hate, but more with love.
Why then, O brawling love, O loving hate,
O anything of nothing first create!
O heavy lightness, serious vanity,
Mis-shapen chaos of well-seeming forms!
Feather of lead, bright smoke, cold fire, sick health,
Still-waking sleep, that is not what it is!
This love feel I, that feel no love in this.
Dost thou not laugh?
speaker: Romeo to
Romeo enters and doesn't even need to be told what happened. He can see that the fight was the cause of love in each family. Then he goes on to list many oxymorons such as "heavy lightness" and "cold fire".
"My child is yet a stranger in the world;
She hath not seen the change of fourteen years.
Let two more summers wither in their pride
Ere we may think her ripe to be a bride...But woo her, gentle Paris, het her heart.
My will to her consent is but a part,
And, she agreed, within her scope of choice
Lies my consent and fair according voice.'
speaker: Capulet to Paris
Capulet is telling Paris that Juliet is too young to marry but if he waits two more years he will give his consent, unless Juliet consents before then
"Madame, I am here. What is your will?"
speaker: Juliet to Lady Capulet
Juliet can be seen here as very respectful and probably not having a close relationship with her mother
"She could have run and waddled all about,
For even the day before, she broke her brow.
And then my husband—God be with his soul!
He was a merry man—took up the child.
"Yea," quoth he, "Dost thou fall upon thy face?
Thou wilt fall backward when thou hast more wit,
Wilt thou not, Jule?" and, by my holy dame,
The pretty wretch left crying and said "ay."
To see now, how a jest shall come about!
I warrant, an I should live a thousand years,
I never should forget it. "Wilt thou not, Jule?" quoth he."
speaker: Nurse to Lady Capulet and Juliet
It's evident the nurse has had a closer relationship with Juliet than Lady Capulet. Also, she can be seen as very open and inappropriate at times. She is a foil to Lady Capulet.
'Marry, that 'marry' is the very theme
I came to talk of. Tell me, daughter Juliet,
How stands your disposition to be married?'
'It is an honour that I dream not of.'
speaker: Lady Capulet then Juliet
Juliet doesn't see marriage to be an honor like her mother or the nurse do
"Read o'er the volume of young Paris' face,
And find delight writ there with beauty's pen;
Examine every married lineament,
And see how one another lends content
And what obscured in this fair volume lies
Find written in the margent of his eyes.
This precious book of love, this unbound lover,
To beautify him, only lacks a cover:
The fish lives in the sea, and 'tis much pride
For fair without the fair within to hide:
That book in many's eyes doth share the glory,
That in gold clasps locks in the golden story;
So shall you share all that he doth possess,
By having him, making yourself no less."
speaker: Lady Capulet
Lady Capulet says a conceit comparing Paris to a book.
monologue about Queen Mab
speaker: Mercutio to Romeo
Mercutio is usually a comedical character who is the jokester but he transforms into a serious and agitated character when talking about Romeo's love life. He introduces Queen Mab, a fairy who brings both good and evil dreams to people by showing the bad and good in love.
O, she doth teach the torches to burn bright!
It seems she hangs upon the cheek of night
As a rich jewel in an Ethiope's ear -
Beauty too rich for use, for earth too dear!
So shows a snowy dove trooping with the crows
As yonder lady o'er her fellows shows.
The measure done, I'll watch her place of stand
And, touching hers, make blessed my rude hand.
Did my heart love til now? Forswear it, sight!
For I ne'er saw true beauty till this night.'
speaker: Romeo to himself
This is the first time Romeo has ever seen Juliet and it's basically love at first sight.
'This, by his voice, should be a Montague.
Fetch me my rapier, boy. What, dares the slave
Come hither, covered with an antic face,
To fleer and scorn at our solemnity?
Now, by the stock and honour of my kin,
To strike him dead I hold it not a sin.'
speaker: Tybalt to Capulet
Tybalt is disgusted that Romeo is at the party and that Capulet would allow him to stay. He calls him a villian.
'And, to say truth, Verona brags of him
To be a virtuous and well-goverened youth.
I would not for the wealth of all the town
Here in my house do him disparagement.'
speaker: Capulet to Tybalt
Capulet is allowing Romeo to stay because he's heard he's a charming person who's loved by his town. He gets angry at Tybalt for insisting Romeo be kicked out.
My only love sprung from my only hate!
Too early seen unknown, and known too late!
Prodigious birth of love it is to me
That I must love a loathed enemy.'
speaker: Juliet to Romeo
Juliet uses oxymorons to describe her feelings.
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