28 terms

joints part 1

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kinesiology
the study of musculoskeletal movement
diarthrosis
a freely movabe joint
amphiarthrosis
a slightly movable joint
synarthrosis
a joint capable of little or no movement
suture
immovable fibrous joints binding the bones of the skull
gomphosis
type of joint attaching a tooth to its spclet
syndemoses
joint in which two bones are bound only by ligaments
synchondrosis
type of joint in which bones are joined by hyaline cartilage
symphsis
type of joint in which bones are joined by fibrocartilage
synostosis (bony joint)
joint in which two bones, one separate, become fused by osseous tissue
synovial joint
joint in which two bones, one separate by a space filled with lubricant
synovial fluid
the slippery lubricant filling the space between bones in a synovial joint
articular cartilage
connective tissue covering adjoining surfaces of bones within a joint
fibrous capsule
outer layer of joint capsule that is continuous with the periosteum
synovial membrane
inner layer of joint capsule made of areolar tissue which sectetes fluid
tendon
attaches muscle to bone
ligament
attaches bone to bone
bursa
fibrous fluid filled sac located where a tendon passes over a bone
tendon sheath
type of bursae that are elongated and wrap around tendons
monoaxial
type of joint in which the bone can move in only one plane
biaxial
type of joint in which the bone can move in two plane
multiaxial
type of joint in which the bone can move in three or more plane
ball-and-socket joints
joint in which one bone with a hemispherical head fits within a cuplike depression on the other
hinge joint
joint in which one bone with a convex surface fits into a concave depression of the other bone
saddle joint
the trapeziometacarpal joint for example
pivot joint
monoaxial joint in which a projection of one bone fits into a ring-like ligament of the other
gliding (plane) joint
type of joint in which the articular surfaces are only convex and concave
condvloid (ellipsoid) joint
joint in which an oval convex surface of one bone fits into a similarly shaped depression of the other